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Lauen, Douglas Lee; Gaddis, S. Michael – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 2016
Despite common conceptions, evidence on whether No Child Left Behind (NCLB) has had adverse effects for low achieving students is mixed. We hypothesize that the incentive to shift attention away from the lowest achieving students increases with the rigor of state standards. Using panel data from students in North Carolina, we exploit two natural…
Descriptors: Accountability, Academic Standards, Mathematics Achievement, High Achievement
Northwest Evaluation Association, 2014
Recently, Northwest Evaluation Association (NWEA) completed a study to connect the scale of the Minnesota Comprehensive Assessments (MCA) Testing Program used for Minnesota's mathematics and reading assessments with NWEA's RIT (Rasch Unit) scale. Information from the state assessments was used in a study to establish performance-level scores on…
Descriptors: Alignment (Education), Testing Programs, State Programs, Mathematics Tests
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Dalton, Benjamin – Comparative Education Review, 2012
This article examines how international differences in age-grade distributions and grade effects contribute to science scores among 27 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development countries. As shown in the 2006 Program for International Student Assessment, countries vary substantially in the grade distribution of 15-year-olds. The costs…
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education, Comparative Testing
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Irwing, Paul; Booth, Tom; Nyborg, Helmuth; Rushton, J. Philippe – Intelligence, 2012
We examined whether the General Factor of Personality (GFP) is related to the "g" factor of cognitive ability using data from the Vietnam Experience Study which randomly sampled 4462 Vietnam War veterans from a total sample of about five million Vietnam era army veterans. Exclusionary criteria included passing a fitness test, achieving a…
Descriptors: Intelligence, War, Aptitude Tests, Personality
Pokorski, Frances K. – ProQuest LLC, 2011
No significant difference in beginning ninth-grade pretest compared to ending ninth-grade posttest comparisons of American History t(17) = 0.34, p = 0.37 (one-tailed), d = 0.09, English t(17) = 1.40, p = 0.09 (one-tailed), d = 0.34, and Biology (t(17) = -1.58, p = 0.07 (one-tailed), d = -0.22, course grade scores were observed for students…
Descriptors: Summer Programs, High Schools, At Risk Students, High School Students
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Freeman, Scott; Haak, David; Wenderoth, Mary Pat – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2011
We tested the hypothesis that highly structured course designs, which implement reading quizzes and/or extensive in-class active-learning activities and weekly practice exams, can lower failure rates in an introductory biology course for majors, compared with low-structure course designs that are based on lecturing and a few high-risk assessments.…
Descriptors: Evidence, Tests, Biology, Introductory Courses
Kariuki, Patrick; Gentry, Christi – Online Submission, 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Accelerated Math utilization on students' grade equivalency scores. Twelve students for both experimental and control groups were randomly selected from 37 students enrolled in math in grades four through six. The experimental group consisted of the students who actively participated in…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Grade 4, Grade 5
Froman, Terry; Brown, Shelly; Tirado, Arleti – Research Services, Miami-Dade County Public Schools, 2008
The teacher's task of assigning letter grades to students and the public's interpretation of them can be perplexing. Does the student's grade represent the level of achievement, the gain in achievement, or some combination of the two? Is the student's effort included in the grade, or are high achievers given good marks regardless of effort? Are…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Grades (Scholastic), Standardized Tests, Grade Equivalent Scores
Min, Kyung-Seok – Asia Pacific Education Review, 2007
Most researchers agree that psychological/educational tests are sensitive to multiple traits, implying the need for a multidimensional item response theory (MIRT). One limitation of applying a MIRT in practice is the difficulty in establishing equivalent scales of multiple traits. In this study, a new MIRT linking method was proposed and evaluated…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Multidimensional Scaling, Multitrait Multimethod Techniques, Concept Mapping
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Napoli, Anthony R.; Raymond, Lanette A. – Research in Higher Education, 2004
Motivating students to perform well on assessment tests is difficult when students know the results have no academic consequence. The present study evaluates the influence of assessment context (graded vs. non-graded) on the reliability of an assessment measure. Results indicate the graded condition produces higher reliability (r = 0.71) than the…
Descriptors: Test Reliability, College Outcomes Assessment, Nongraded Student Evaluation, Grade Equivalent Scores
Minnema, Jane E.; Thurlow, Martha L.; Moen, Ross E.; VanGetson, Gretchen R. – National Center on Educational Outcomes, University of Minnesota, 2004
The present study was initiated to gather information about states' out-of-level testing practices. Specifically, we wanted to see whether states attempted to align out-of-level tests with grade of enrollment content standards, what processes are used to complete this task, and what psychometric information states offer as evidence of that…
Descriptors: Instructional Program Divisions, Testing Accommodations, Student Evaluation, State Government
VanGetson, Gretchen; Minnema, Jane; Thurlow, Martha – National Center on Educational Outcomes, University of Minnesota, 2004
The purpose of this research study was to illustrate the ways in which out-of-level testing policies have changed over the three years from 2000-2001 to 2003-2004. In 2000-2001, 12 states were using out-of-level tests to measure student progress toward content standard proficiency. A detailed research study conducted at the end of 2000-2001 to…
Descriptors: Instructional Program Divisions, Testing Accommodations, Student Evaluation, Educational Policy
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Lee, Ong Kim – Journal of Applied Measurement, 2003
Compared the observation of children's growth in reading using grade equivalents with that using the Rasch simultaneous vertical equating procedure. Results from equating 25 reading tests show that grade equivalents differ more between two different test forms than do ability measures obtained from the Rasch simultaneous vertical equating. (SLD)
Descriptors: Ability, Equated Scores, Grade Equivalent Scores, Item Response Theory
Ramos, Cristina – 1996
Grade-equivalent scores are widely used in the school system in reporting students' performance on standardized achievement tests. This paper explores how grade equivalent scores are calculated and interpreted. In addition, the paper examines the limitations of grade-equivalent scores through the use of small heuristic data sets. A…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Age Differences, Comparative Analysis, Computation
Literacy Beat, 1988
Evaluation of adult literacy programs requires different criteria from those used to judge regular schooling. Indicators for evaluating adult voluntary programs with individualized curricula are recruitment; retention, including absenteeism; one-on-one tutoring with volunteers; training in a context; support services; the "quick-fix" syndrome;…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Attendance, Basic Skills
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