ERIC Number: ED431003
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-May
Education Establishment Bias? A Look at the National Research Council's Critique of Test Utility Studies.
Phelps, Richard P.
It has been proposed that the federal government's General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB) might be used to provide private employers with the same kind of useful information the federal government and college counselors receive about job applicants. The U.S. Department of Labor asked the National Research Council (NRC) to review the issues related to use of the GATB for screening all job applicants and providing employers with the job applicant's GATB scores. The NRC formed a committee to review the issue, but the committee did not include any industrial organizational psychologists who had studied the GATB. The Committee recommended against the use of the GATB for a number of reasons. These reasons are reviewed, and reasons the report development process and the report itself are flawed are discussed. Criticism of the NRC process centers on the unusual composition of the review committee, the argument the committee made about the meager evidence of benefits from using the GATB, disagreement with the committee's conclusion about the "zero-sum labor market," and some contradictory positions taken in the report. The NRC committee is charged with bias in its evaluation. (Contains 1 figure and 22 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: General Aptitude Test Battery