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Newman, Stephen; Latifi, Ashkan – Journal of Education for Teaching: International Research and Pedagogy, 2021
The work of Vygotsky is widely used in teacher education and other education-related literature, in discussion of sociocultural perspectives, and in relation to themes such as second language acquisition, the teaching of mathematics, and approaches to teaching and learning. Much of this work gives the impression that Vygotsky's work is…
Descriptors: Learning Theories, Sociocultural Patterns, Teacher Education Programs, Child Development
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Pracana, Clara, Ed.; Wang, Michael, Ed. – Online Submission, 2020
This book contains a compilation of papers presented at the International Psychological Applications Conference and Trends (InPACT) 2020, organized by the World Institute for Advanced Research and Science (W.I.A.R.S.), that this year had to be transformed into a fully Virtual Conference as a result of the Coronavirus (COVID 19) pandemic. Modern…
Descriptors: Educational Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Social Psychology, Cognitive Psychology
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Mulligan, Neil W.; Buchin, Zachary L.; West, John T. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
The testing effect is 1 of several memory effects moderated by experimental design, such that the effect on free recall is larger in a mixed-list than pure-list design (Mulligan, Susser, & Smith, 2016). The current experiments assess hypotheses regarding why this pattern is found. Three extant accounts of design effects (Nguyen & McDaniel,…
Descriptors: Testing, Research Design, Recall (Psychology), Memory
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Sisk, Caitlin A.; Remington, Roger W.; Jiang, Yuhong V. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Mounting evidence suggests that monetary reward induces an incidentally learned selection bias toward highly rewarded features. It remains controversial, however, whether learning of reward regularities has similar effects on spatial attention. Here we ask whether spatial biases toward highly rewarded locations are learned implicitly, or are…
Descriptors: Rewards, Spatial Ability, Bias, Knowledge Level
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Wixted, John T. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Signal detection theory is one of psychology's most well-known and influential theoretical frameworks. However, the conceptual hurdles that had to be overcome before the theory could finally emerge in its modern form in the early 1950s seem to have been largely forgotten. Here, I trace the origins of signal detection theory, beginning with…
Descriptors: Perception, Bias, Theories, Experimental Psychology
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Hoffman, James V.; Hikida, Michiko; Sailors, Misty – Reading Research Quarterly, 2020
In this article, we argue that the "science of reading" (SOR) construct is being used to shape the future of literacy teacher preparation and silence the voices and work of literacy teacher education researchers to the detriment of quality science, quality teaching, and quality teacher preparation. First, we briefly inspect the SOR…
Descriptors: Reading Research, Literacy Education, Teacher Education, Experimental Psychology
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Dewhurst, Stephen A.; Anderson, Rachel J.; Grace, Lydia; Howe, David – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
Three experiments investigated the relationship between future thinking and false memories. In Experiment 1, participants remembered familiar events (e.g., a holiday) from their past, imagined planning the same events in the future, or took part in a control condition in which they visualized typical events. They then rated a series of…
Descriptors: Experimental Psychology, Memory, Planning, Visualization
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Król, Michal; Król, Magdalena Ewa – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
Existing research shows that the order in which evidence arrives can bias its evaluation and the resulting decision in favor of information encountered early on. We used eye-tracking to study the underlying cognitive mechanisms in the context of incentivized financial choices based on real world market data. Subjects learned about the…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Cognitive Processes, Decision Making, Investment
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Born, Sabine; Puntiroli, Michael; Jordan, Damien; Kerzel, Dirk – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
Attribute amnesia (Chen & Wyble, 2015, 2016) demonstrates that we may not always be able to spontaneously retrieve a simple attribute of a visual object (e.g., its color) for conscious report, even though the object had just been the target in a visual task. Attribute amnesia has been suggested to reflect a lack of consolidation of the…
Descriptors: Memory, Short Term Memory, Visual Perception, Eye Movements
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Pracana, Clara, Ed.; Wang, Michael, Ed. – Online Submission, 2019
This book contains a compilation of papers presented at the International Psychological Applications Conference and Trends (InPACT) 2019, organized by the World Institute for Advanced Research and Science (W.I.A.R.S.). Modern psychology offers a large range of scientific fields where it can be applied. The goal of understanding individuals and…
Descriptors: Educational Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Social Psychology, Cognitive Psychology
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Annis, Jeffrey; Palmeri, Thomas J. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
The development of visual expertise is accompanied by enhanced visual object recognition memory within an expert domain. We aimed to understand the relationship between expertise and memory by modeling cognitive mechanisms. Participants with a measured range of birding expertise were recruited and tested on memory for birds (expert domain) and…
Descriptors: Long Term Memory, Short Term Memory, Visual Perception, Expertise
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Cohen-Shikora, Emily R.; Suh, Jihyun; Bugg, Julie M. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
In this article, we assess an alternative account of a key experimental pattern thought to index top-down control. The list-wide proportion congruence effect is the well-documented pattern whereby the congruency effect (i.e., Stroop effect) is attenuated in lists containing mostly incongruent trials relative to lists containing mostly congruent…
Descriptors: Congruence (Psychology), Reaction Time, Color, Conflict
Michalski, Daniel S.; Cope, Caroline; Fowler, Garth A. – American Psychological Association, 2019
The 2019 Graduate Study in Psychology Summary Report reflects data collected from nearly 500 departments and programs offering master's and doctoral degrees in psychology and related training. Participating departments and programs are listed in the annual Graduate Study in Psychology book and online subscription database, "Graduate Study…
Descriptors: Graduate Study, Graduate Students, College Admission, College Applicants
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Nairne, James S.; Coverdale, Michelle E.; Pandeirada, Josefa N. S. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
Four experiments investigated the mnemonic effects of generating survival situations. People were given target words and asked to generate survival situations involving that stimulus (e.g., DOOR: "I'm in a house that's on fire, and I can escape through the door"). No constraints were placed on the generation process, other than that it…
Descriptors: Mnemonics, Recall (Psychology), Evolution, Retention (Psychology)
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Debè, Anna; Polenghi, Simonetta – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
In the early decades of the twentieth century the question of mental disabilities was widely discussed in Italy, while the first special schools for the intellectually impaired were set up. An important role was played by the Franciscan friar Agostino Gemelli (1878-1959), a physician, renowned psychologist, and founder in 1921 of the Catholic…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mental Disorders, Intellectual Disability, Neurological Impairments
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