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Skinner, Cindy; Pauly, Rini; Skinner, Steven A.; Schroer, Richard J.; Simensen, Richard J.; Taylor, Harold A.; Friez, Michael J.; DuPont, Barbara R.; Stevenson, Roger E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
The course of 187 individuals ages 3-21 years with Autistic Disorder was traced through a period of 20 years (enrollment: 1995-1998, follow up: 2014-2019). Specific genetic and environmental causes were identified in only a minority. Intellectual disability coexisted in 84%. Few became independent with 99% living at home with relatives, in…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Longitudinal Studies, Etiology
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Brown, Michael; McCann, Edward – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2021
Background: People with intellectual disabilities can experience homelessness, and some of the reasons differ from the general homeless population. Specific policy and practice responses are required. Method: A systematic review of studies examining homelessness among people with intellectual disabilities utilizing CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and…
Descriptors: Homeless People, Intellectual Disability, Experience, At Risk Persons
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van den Akker, Natalie; Kroezen, Marieke; Wieland, Jannelien; Pasma, Annelieke; Wolkorte, Ria – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2021
Background: Aggressive behaviour is prevalent in people with intellectual disabilities. To understand the aetiology, it is important to recognize factors associated with the behaviour. Method: A systematic review was conducted and included studies published between January 2002 and April 2017 on the association of behavioural, psychiatric and…
Descriptors: Aggression, Intellectual Disability, Etiology, Behavior
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Savarimuthu, Monisha Kanya; Innamuri, Raviteja; Tsheringla, Sherab; Shonima, A. V.; Mammen, Priya Mary; Alwinneshe, Merlin; Russell, Sushila; Kuppuraj, Jayanthi – Shanlax International Journal of Education, 2021
Aim and Objectives: Although inclusive education of children with intellectual disability is currently an accepted practice, it is often challenged by negative attitude of schoolteachers. We undertook two surveillance studies aimed at Study A - identifying knowledge and teachers' attitudes towards children with intellectual disability and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Inclusion, Intellectual Disability, Students with Disabilities
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Vicedo, Marga; Ilerbaig, Juan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
This paper examines the genesis of Leo Kanner's 1943 seminal paper on autism. It shows that describing children as autistic or lacking affective contact with people was not new by this time. But Kanner's proposal that infantile autism constituted a hitherto unidentified condition that was inborn and different from childhood schizophrenia was new.…
Descriptors: Autism, Etiology, Children, History
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Onoyase, Anna – International Journal of Higher Education, 2020
This research was embarked upon to find out about knowledge of HIV/AIDS, its sources and behaviour change of undergraduate university students of Ekiti State University, South west Nigeria: Implications for counselling. In order to carry out the investigation, the researcher formulated three research questions and one hypothesis to guide the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Behavior Change, Student Behavior
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Davis, Alexis Poe; Bullard-Maxwell, Amanda; Stone-Hernandez, Regina; Chiarolanzio, Emily; Griffin, Harold – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2020
Stargardt Disease was identified by German ophthalmologist Karl Stargardt in 1901. It is the most commonly inherited macular dystrophy condition (Light et al., 2017), with an estimated worldwide prevalence of 1 in 8,000 to 1 in 10,000 (Cai et al., 2018). Stargardt Disease is the juvenile version of macular degeneration (Daly, 2014), with its early…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Visual Impairments, Clinical Diagnosis, Etiology
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McWeeny, Sean; Norton, Elizabeth S. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Event-related potentials (ERPs), which are electrophysiological neural responses time-locked to a stimulus, have become an increasingly common tool in language and communication disorders research. They can provide complementary evidence to behavioural measures as well as unique perspectives on communication disorders. ERPs have the…
Descriptors: Brain, Cognitive Processes, Responses, Neurosciences
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Mkabile, Siyabulela; Swartz, Leslie – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2020
Background: Post-apartheid, understanding and management of intellectual disability remain poor in South Africa, complicated by various contextual and cultural explanations used to describe and conceptualize this condition. Method: We conducted 20 semi-structured interviews with primary caregivers and parents of children with intellectual…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Intellectual Disability, Caregiver Attitudes, Parent Attitudes
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Mays, Dennis – Support for Learning, 2020
The profile of a student with learning difficulties is described and also the learning context in 2017. Previous models of provision are then described in terms of their aetiology with discussion of strengths and shortcomings. Some influential features of curriculum planning and delivery are identified. A model of provision involving specific…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Students with Disabilities, Moderate Intellectual Disability, Learning Disabilities
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Okanlawon, Kehinde – Journal of LGBT Youth, 2020
The study utilized African theories, literatures, framework and a qualitative method with 11 heterosexual Nigerian undergraduate university students to explore their perceptions and attitudes towards homosexuality and LGB persons. The data analysis identified six categories: (a) higher tolerance observed for lesbians than gay men among…
Descriptors: Sexual Orientation, Homosexuality, LGBTQ People, Social Attitudes
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Grigorenko, Elena L. – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2020
There is an increasing attention to the phenomenon referred to as "twice exceptional" ("2e") children, namely, children who demonstrate both exceptional abilities and disabilities. In this essay, this concept is applied to delinquency and/or emotional-behavior disorder and gifts (talents) in the performance arts, exploring the…
Descriptors: Delinquency, Juvenile Justice, Gifted Disabled, Emotional Disturbances
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Yu, Luodi; Stronach, Sheri; Harrison, Ashley J. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
Autism spectrum disorder in China differs considerably from autism spectrum disorder in the West in terms of prevalence estimates, education opportunities, and life outcomes of autistic people. The lack of autism spectrum disorder awareness could be a key factor underlying the disparities. To date, there has been no evaluation of autism spectrum…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Social Bias
Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee, 2020
Each year, the Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee (IACC) releases a list of scientific advances that represent significant progress in the field. The "2019 IACC Summary of Advances" provides short, plain language summaries of the top research breakthroughs selected by the IACC from a pool of research articles nominated by the…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Predictor Variables
Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee, 2020
This "2018-2019 Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee (IACC) Strategic Plan Update" is the work of the IACC membership that was appointed under the Autism CARES Act of 2014. The Committee agreed that the "2016-2017 IACC Strategic Plan" reflected a comprehensive review of the state of the field and provided a set of 23 new…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Strategic Planning, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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