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Gilman, Leon J.; Zhang, Bo; Jones, Curtis J. – Learning Environments Research, 2021
Students' perceptions of the learning environment play an important role in their academic achievement and social lives. While most measures of school environment have been developed for middle- and high-school students, they also have been used for younger students, such as 4th and 5th graders. What is unclear is whether these measures are…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Educational Environment, Academic Achievement, Social Life
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Hutmacher, Djenna; Eckelt, Melanie; Bund, Andreas; Steffgen, Georges – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2021
The increase of cross-cultural studies and intervention programs, based on the self-determination theory, highlights the urge for validated scales to ensure high-quality research, particularly in the domain of physical education. The present study aimed at evaluating the psychometric properties and measurement invariance of the revised Perceived…
Descriptors: Motivation, Exercise, Physical Education, Leisure Time
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Dimitrov, Dimiter M.; Atanasov, Dimitar V. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
This study presents a latent (item response theory--like) framework of a recently developed classical approach to test scoring, equating, and item analysis, referred to as "D"-scoring method. Specifically, (a) person and item parameters are estimated under an item response function model on the "D"-scale (from 0 to 1) using…
Descriptors: Scoring, Equated Scores, Item Analysis, Item Response Theory
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Hong, Sanghyun; Reed, W. Robert – Research Synthesis Methods, 2021
The purpose of this study is to show how Monte Carlo analysis of meta-analytic estimators can be used to select estimators for specific research situations. Our analysis conducts 1620 individual experiments, where each experiment is defined by a unique combination of sample size, effect size, effect size heterogeneity, publication selection…
Descriptors: Monte Carlo Methods, Meta Analysis, Research Methodology, Experiments
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Westrick, Paul A.; Schmidt, Frank L.; Le, Huy; Robbins, Steven B.; Radunzel, Justine M. R. – Educational Assessment, 2021
This meta-analytic path analysis presents evidence that first-year academic performance (FYAP), measured by first-year grade point average (FYGPA) plays the major role in determining second-year student retention and that socioeconomic status (SES), measured by parental income, plays a negligible role. Based on large sample data used in a previous…
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, Academic Achievement, Academic Persistence, Grade Point Average
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Affum-Osei, Emmanuel; Mensah, Henry Kofi; Forkuoh, Solomon Kwarteng; Asante, Eric Adom – International Journal of Testing, 2021
The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the goal orientation (GO) scale across job search contexts to facilitate its use in large and varied search settings. A sample of 720 job losers and new entrants' job seekers in Ghana completed the survey. Confirmatory factor analysis supported the three-factor theoretical…
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Job Search Methods, Psychometrics, Factor Analysis
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Stallasch, Sophie E.; Lüdtke, Oliver; Artelt, Cordula; Brunner, Martin – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2021
To plan cluster-randomized trials with sufficient statistical power to detect intervention effects on student achievement, researchers need multilevel design parameters, including measures of between-classroom and between-school differences and the amounts of variance explained by covariates at the student, classroom, and school level. Previous…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Randomized Controlled Trials, Intervention, Educational Research
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Miratrix, Luke W.; Weiss, Michael J.; Henderson, Brit – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2021
Researchers face many choices when conducting large-scale multisite individually randomized control trials. One of the most common quantities of interest in multisite RCTs is the overall average effect. Even this quantity is non-trivial to define and estimate. The researcher can target the average effect across individuals or sites. Furthermore,…
Descriptors: Computation, Randomized Controlled Trials, Error of Measurement, Regression (Statistics)
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Ellis, Jules L. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
This study develops a theoretical model for the costs of an exam as a function of its duration. Two kind of costs are distinguished: (1) the costs of measurement errors and (2) the costs of the measurement. Both costs are expressed in time of the student. Based on a classical test theory model, enriched with assumptions on the context, the costs…
Descriptors: Test Length, Models, Error of Measurement, Measurement
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Montoya, Amanda K.; Edwards, Michael C. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2021
Model fit indices are being increasingly recommended and used to select the number of factors in an exploratory factor analysis. Growing evidence suggests that the recommended cutoff values for common model fit indices are not appropriate for use in an exploratory factor analysis context. A particularly prominent problem in scale evaluation is the…
Descriptors: Goodness of Fit, Factor Analysis, Cutting Scores, Correlation
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Schürer, Sina; van Ophuysen, Stefanie; Behrmann, Lars – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2021
Class climate has been focused in the context of school research for decades. One central facet of class climate is cohesion. Whereas there are well-elaborated instruments to assess cohesion in different contexts (e.g., sport and therapy), such an instrument is missing for the school context. The aim of the current article is to present an…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Factor Structure, Classroom Environment, Group Dynamics
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Pashley, Nicole E.; Miratrix, Luke W. – Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 2021
Evaluating blocked randomized experiments from a potential outcomes perspective has two primary branches of work. The first focuses on larger blocks, with multiple treatment and control units in each block. The second focuses on matched pairs, with a single treatment and control unit in each block. These literatures not only provide different…
Descriptors: Causal Models, Statistical Inference, Research Methodology, Computation
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Adiredja, Aditya P. – PRIMUS, 2021
The complexity in understanding the [epsilon-delta] definition has motivated research into the teaching and learning of the topic. In this paper I share my design of an instructional analogy called the Pancake Story and four different questions to explore the logical relationship between [epsilon] and [delta] that structures the definition. I…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, College Mathematics, Teaching Methods, Calculus
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Karakolidis, Anastasios; O'Leary, Michael; Scully, Darina – International Journal of Testing, 2021
The linguistic complexity of many text-based tests can be a source of construct-irrelevant variance, as test-takers' performance may be affected by factors that are beyond the focus of the assessment itself, such as reading comprehension skills. This experimental study examined the extent to which the use of animated videos, as opposed to written…
Descriptors: Animation, Vignettes, Video Technology, Test Format
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Martí, Mónica; Ródenas, Carmen – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2021
This paper analyses the reliability and accuracy of the relationships between migration and employment status when estimated using a linked data set. The analysis will be carried out using a new source, the "Labour and Geographical Mobility Statistics," which is provided by the Spanish Statistical Office. This statistic is constructed by…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Error of Measurement, Occupational Mobility, Migration
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