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Hahn, Michael; Joechner, Ann-Kathrin; Roell, Judith; Schabus, Manuel; Heib, Dominik P. J.; Gruber, Georg; Peigneux, Philippe; Hoedlmoser, Kerstin – Developmental Science, 2019
Sleep spindles are related to sleep-dependent memory consolidation and general cognitive abilities. However, they undergo drastic maturational changes during adolescence. Here we used a longitudinal approach (across 7 years) to explore whether developmental changes in sleep spindle density can explain individual differences in sleep-dependent…
Descriptors: Sleep, Child Development, Memory, Cognitive Ability
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Mizumoto, Atsushi; Sasao, Yosuke; Webb, Stuart A. – Language Testing, 2019
The knowledge about affix plays a vital role in the development of word knowledge and vocabulary acquisition. A test for diagnostic information on the level of affix knowledge would be useful in order to inform the test users of what learners have gained or lacked in this integral component of vocabulary knowledge. This paper reports the…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Adaptive Testing, College Students, English (Second Language)
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Prodjosantoso, Anti Kolonial; Hertina, Artanti Mulia; Irwanto – International Journal of Instruction, 2019
The purpose of this research was to understand the misconception level of 10th grade students in Yogyakarta province of Indonesia in understanding the concept of ionic and covalent bonds. The ionic and covalent bonds were chosen based on the need assessment on chemistry teachers. This study was included qualitative descriptive research which…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grade 10, Misconceptions, Chemistry
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Miciak, Jeremy; Cirino, Paul T.; Ahmed, Yusra; Reid, Erin; Vaughn, Sharon – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
Inadequate responders demonstrate significant risk for learning disabilities. Previous investigations of the cognitive profiles of inadequate and adequate responders have not included measures of executive functions (EFs), which have well-documented associations to reading comprehension. We evaluated EF performance on a common factor comprised of…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Response to Intervention, Identification, Reading Difficulties
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Lee, Okin; Shin, Mikyung – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
The purpose of this online survey study was to obtain basic information about South Korean high school students' understanding of learning disabilities. A total of 343 students responded to questions about demographics, familiarity with terms related to learning disabilities, beliefs about learning disabilities, and attitudes toward students with…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High School Students, Student Attitudes, Knowledge Level
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Dilci, Tuncay – Universal Journal of Educational Research, 2019
The aim of this study is to develop a diagnostic scale to measure the influence of digital dependency, which has swiftly been a part of today's standards of living, on individuals in quite a tangible way and to carry out a validity-reliability study on this scale. The sample group of the scale consists of 450 university students (264 female and…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Test Reliability, Addictive Behavior, Diagnostic Tests
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Biancarosa, Gina; Kennedy, Patrick C.; Carlson, Sarah E.; Yoon, HyeonJin; Seipel, Ben; Liu, Bowen; Davison, Mark L. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
Prior research suggests that subscores from a single achievement test seldom add value over a single total score. Such scores typically correspond to subcontent areas in the total content domain, but content subdomains might not provide a sound basis for subscores. Using scores on an inferential reading comprehension test from 625 third, fourth,…
Descriptors: Scores, Scoring, Achievement Tests, Grade 3
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Kwan, Ann H.; Mobli, Mehdi; Schirra, Horst J.; Wilson, Jennifer C.; Jones, Oliver A. H. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2019
Magnetic resonance is a powerful technology that has had a major impact across the physical, life, and medical sciences, from chemistry to medical imaging, with ever-expanding applications in new areas as diverse as mining and food science. It is, however, also a difficult subject to teach, as the theory is complex and requires some familiarity…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, College Science, College Faculty, Video Technology
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Biancarosa, Gina; Kennedy, Patrick C.; Carlson, Sarah E.; Yoon, HyeonJin; Seipel, Ben; Liu, Bowen; Davison, Mark L. – Grantee Submission, 2019
Prior research suggests that subscores from a single achievement test seldom add value over a single total score. Such scores typically correspond to subcontent areas in the total content domain, but content subdomains might not provide a sound basis for subscores. Using scores on an inferential reading comprehension test from 625 third, fourth,…
Descriptors: Scores, Scoring, Achievement Tests, Grade 3
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Brandwein, Nathan J.; Nguyen, Peter V. – Learning & Memory, 2019
Beta-adrenergic receptor (ß-AR) activation by norepinephrine (NE) enhances memory and stabilizes long-term potentiation (LTP), a form of synaptic plasticity believed to underlie some forms of hippocampal memory. LTP can occur at multiple synaptic pathways as a result of strong stimulation to one pathway preceding milder stimulation of an adjacent,…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Memory, Biochemistry, Physiology
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Wang, Bo; Cao, Futao; Boyland, Joyce Tang – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2019
English language readers rarely get glimpses of the state of autism research in China. Given the seriousness of autism, the population of China, and the potential for theoretically interesting cross-cultural insights, we provide a broad survey of research carried out in China on childhood autism. Four themes are considered: etiology, diagnosis,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cross Cultural Studies, Etiology
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Bailey, Andrew; Hughes, Allison; Bullock, Kennedy; Hill, Gabriel – Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 2019
Outdoor activities induce positive mental and physical outcomes despite, or because of, the inherent risk. The psychological mechanisms driving this growth have not yet been adequately explained. This study employed portable EEG devices to track the mental states of competitive rock climbers during activity. Thirty-five participants (25% female)…
Descriptors: Recreational Activities, Physiology, Diagnostic Tests, Mental Health
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Dube, Sithembinkosi; Kung, Carmen; Brock, Jon; Demuth, Katherine – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2019
Recent ERP research with adults has shown that the online processing of subject-verb (S-V) agreement violations is mediated by the relative perceptual salience of the violation (Dube et al. 2016). These findings corroborate infant perception research, which has also shown that perceptual salience influences infants' sensitivity to grammatical…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Language Acquisition, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Grammar
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Odendaal, Albi; Levänen, Sari; Westerlund, Heidi – Music Education Research, 2019
In recent decades there has been a proliferation of neuromyths based on oversimplifications and over-generalisations of research findings. As part of a larger project that examines the societal impacts of the arts and arts education practices, this interdisciplinary collaborative study examines the translation of recent neuromusical research into…
Descriptors: Music, Music Education, Neurosciences, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Bambini, Valentina; Canal, Paolo; Resta, Donatella; Grimaldi, Mirko – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2019
Several theoretical proposals tried to account for the meaning open-endedness of metaphors in literature and for the effortful process they trigger in readers. However, very few experiments have tackled the neurophysiological underpinnings of literary metaphor. Here we used Event-Related brain Potentials (ERPs) to explore the temporal dynamics of…
Descriptors: Figurative Language, Physiology, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Literature
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