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Fodstad, Jill C.; Kerswill, Stephanie A.; Kirsch, Alexandra C.; Lagges, Ann; Schmidt, Jonathan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
Noise hypersensitivity is a poorly understood symptom of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). For some, problem behaviors co-occur with the aversive noise. Limited literature exists on treating noise hypersensitivity; however, noise hypersensitivity may be related to a specific phobia. This case study utilizes modified Cognitive Behavioral Therapy…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Acoustics, Perceptual Impairments
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Smith, Alexander Nicholas; Laugharne, Richard; Oak, Katy; Shankar, Rohit – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2021
Introduction: Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) are at significant risk of developing emotional trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) due to altered neuropsychological functioning, increased chance of experiencing adverse life events, difficulty expressing emotions, diagnostic overshadowing and institutional failures. Eye…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Desensitization, Therapy, Intellectual Disability
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Lobregt-van Buuren, Ella; Sizoo, Bram; Mevissen, Liesbeth; de Jongh, Ad – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The study investigated whether EMDR is a feasible therapy for adults with ASD and a history of adverse events, and whether it is associated with reductions in symptoms of PTSD, psychological distress and autism. Participants received 6 to 8 weeks treatment as usual (TAU), followed by a maximum of 8 sessions EMDR added to TAU, and a follow-up of…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Therapy, Adults, Autism
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Chawner, L. R.; Blundell-Birtill, P.; Hetherington, M. M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
People with developmental disorders (DD) often display high levels of selective eating, which can result in micronutrient deficiencies. It is therefore essential to explore ways to increase dietary variety in this population. To identify different types of interventions promoting increased acceptance of new foods or dietary variety for DD…
Descriptors: Intervention, Food, Eating Habits, Autism
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Vijayalakshmi, N. – Shanlax International Journal of Education, 2019
Behaviour modification refers to the techniques used to try and decrease or increase a particular type of behaviour or reaction. This might sound very technical, but it is used very frequently by all of us. Parents use this to teach their children right from wrong. Therapists use it to promote healthy behaviours in their patients. The purpose…
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Child Behavior, Change Strategies, Reinforcement
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Bushman, Brad J. – Teaching of Psychology, 2018
Although violent entertainment has existed for centuries, the media have made it more accessible than ever before. In modern societies, people are immersed in media, like fish in water. Using hand-held devices, people can consume media just about anywhere they want, anytime they want. Moreover, violence is a common theme in the media, and research…
Descriptors: Violence, Mass Media, Mass Media Effects, Video Games
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Mevissen, Liesbeth; Didden, Robert; Korzilius, Hubert; de Jongh, Ad – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2017
Background: This study explored the effectiveness of eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in persons with mild to borderline intellectual disability (MBID) using a multiple baseline across subjects design. Methods: One child and one adolescent with MBID, who met diagnostic criteria…
Descriptors: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Eye Movements, Children, Adolescents
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Gilderthorp, Rosanna C. – Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, 2015
This study aimed to critically review all studies that have set out to evaluate the use of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) for people diagnosed with both intellectual disability (ID) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Searches of the online databases Psych Info, The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, The Cochrane…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Eye Movements, Therapy
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Banas, John A.; Miller, Gregory – Human Communication Research, 2013
This investigation examined the boundaries of inoculation theory by examining how inoculation can be applied to conspiracy theory propaganda as well as inoculation itself (called metainoculation). A 3-phase experiment with 312 participants compared 3 main groups: no-treatment control, inoculation, and metainoculation. Research questions explored…
Descriptors: Desensitization, Resistance (Psychology), Theories, Propaganda
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Newman, Michelle G.; Fisher, Aaron J. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2013
Objective: This study examined (a) duration of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) as a moderator of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) versus its components (cognitive therapy and self-control desensitization) and (b) increases in dynamic flexibility of anxious symptoms during the course of psychotherapy as a mediator of this moderation. Degree of…
Descriptors: Cognitive Restructuring, Behavior Modification, Psychotherapy, Anxiety Disorders
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Kotze, Sanet Henriet; Mole, Calvin Gerald – Anatomical Sciences Education, 2013
Many studies have reported on the perceptions of medical students toward dissection. It is important to understand the feelings and symptoms experienced during dissection so that they can be adequately handled. Prior to dissection, first year students are given lectures on aspects of dissection, death and dying, and death rituals in various…
Descriptors: Death, Coping, Medical Students, Questionnaires
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Roesler, Cynthia P.; Flax, Judy; MacRoy-Higgins, Michelle; Fermano, Zena; Morgan-Byrne, Julie; Benasich, April A. – Communication Disorders Quarterly, 2013
This study examined the effectiveness of sensory desensitization training for 12 nonverbal children with autism to facilitate participation in an electrophysiological study assessing linguistic processing. Sensory desensitization was achieved for 10 of the 12 children and thus allowed collection of usable data in a passive linguistic paradigm.…
Descriptors: Sensory Training, Desensitization, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
Riedel, Derek – ProQuest LLC, 2012
The purpose of this qualitative study was to discover how communication professors at four-year private universities help students who exhibit public speaking apprehension (PSA) learn to cope with their anxiety. The research was framed in the narrative inquiry paradigm, interviewing eight college communication professors about their experiences…
Descriptors: College Faculty, Communication (Thought Transfer), Public Speaking, Anxiety
Stillwell, Belinda E. – Online Submission, 2011
The primary purpose of this study is to share what has been found to work well in professional practice based on a series of exploratory scholarly studies as well as information gathered informally from students and through specialized aquatic workshops, conferences and seminars. Research has shown that there is an existing population of at-risk…
Descriptors: Aquatic Sports, Water, Instruction, Anxiety
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Gilboa-Schechtman, Eva; Foa, Edna B.; Shafran, Naama; Aderka, Idan M.; Powers, Mark B.; Rachamim, Lilach; Rosenbach, Lea; Yadin, Elna; Apter, Alan – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2010
Objective: To examine the efficacy and maintenance of developmentally adapted prolonged exposure therapy for adolescents (PE-A) compared with active control time-limited dynamic therapy (TLDP-A) for decreasing posttraumatic and depressive symptoms in adolescent victims of single-event traumas. Method: Thirty-eight adolescents (12 to 18 years old)…
Descriptors: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Adolescents, Desensitization, Psychotherapy
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