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Brouwer, Susanne; Özkan, Deniz; Küntay, Aylin C. – Journal of Child Language, 2019
This study investigated whether cross-linguistic differences affect semantic prediction. We assessed this by looking at two languages, Dutch and Turkish, that differ in word order and thus vary in how words come together to create sentence meaning. In an eye-tracking task, Dutch and Turkish four-year-olds (N = 40), five-year-olds (N = 58), and…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Verbs, Contrastive Linguistics, Semantics
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Sabir, Paiman Hama Salih; Jawad, Hoshang Farooq – English Language Teaching, 2019
Discourse Markers are one of an uninvestigated aspect of language in old and modern Kurdish linguistics, that has not been given due attention, neither by native nor non-native researchers. On this ground, it is hoped that the present study sheds light on this almost entirely ignored aspect of the language and this study is meant to be a…
Descriptors: Indo European Languages, Discourse Analysis, Language Research, Phrase Structure
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Brezina, Vaclav; Pallotti, Gabriele – Second Language Research, 2019
Morphological complexity (MC) is a relatively new construct in second language acquisition (SLA). After critically discussing existing approaches to calculating MC in first- and second-language acquisition research, this article presents a new operationalization of the construct, the Morphological Complexity Index (MCI). The MCI is applied in two…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Morphology (Languages), Teaching Methods
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De Clercq, Bastien; Housen, Alex – Second Language Research, 2019
Studies in second language acquisition (SLA) increasingly rely on measures of linguistic complexity to assess second language (L2) proficiency and development. While an important number of studies have risen to the call of studying a broader range of complexity related constructs (Bulté and Housen, 2012; Norris and Ortega, 2009), few have examined…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Grammar
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Ehret, Katharina; Szmrecsanyi, Benedikt – Second Language Research, 2019
We present a proof-of-concept study that sketches the use of compression algorithms to assess Kolmogorov complexity, which is a text-based, quantitative, holistic, and global measure of structural surface redundancy. Kolmogorov complexity has been used to explore cross-linguistic complexity variation in linguistic typology research, but we are the…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Difficulty Level, Contrastive Linguistics, Language Research
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Housen, Alex; De Clercq, Bastien; Kuiken, Folkert; Vedder, Ineke – Second Language Research, 2019
In the past decades, there has been a surge in interest in the study of language complexity in second language (L2) research. In this article we provide an overview of current theoretical and methodological practices in L2 complexity research, while simultaneously framing these within the broader scientific interest into the notion of complexity.…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Language Research, Syntax
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Martinez, Ana Herraiz; Hernández, Ariadna Sánchez – English Language Teaching, 2019
The purpose of this study is to investigate the production of pragmatic markers (PMs) by multilingual students in a CLIL context. Previous studies have analyzed pragmatic competence in multilingual settings (e.g., Cenoz, 2003; Martín-Laguna & Alcón-Soler, 2015; Portolés, 2015; Safont & Portolés, 2016). However, to the best of our…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Pragmatics, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Strand, Thea R. – Multilingua: Journal of Cross-Cultural and Interlanguage Communication, 2019
In rural Valdres, Norway, the traditional regional dialect, called Valdresmål, has become an important resource for popular style and local development projects. Stigmatized through much of the twentieth century for its association with poor, rural, "backward" farmers and culture, Valdresmål has been thoroughly revalorized, with…
Descriptors: Norwegian, Rural Areas, Sociolinguistics, Foreign Countries
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Sakarias, Maria; Flecken, Monique – Cognitive Science, 2019
We study how people attend to and memorize endings of events that differ in the degree to which objects in them are affected by an action: "Resultative" events show objects that undergo a visually salient change in state during the course of the event (peeling a potato), and "non-resultative" events involve objects that undergo…
Descriptors: Memory, Grammar, Finno Ugric Languages, Indo European Languages
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Musolino, Julien; Laity d'Agostino, Kelsey; Piantadosi, Steve – Language Learning and Development, 2019
In a recent article published in this journal, Moscati and Crain (M&C) showcase the explanatory power of a learnability constraint called the Semantic Subset Principle (SSP) (Crain et al. 1994). If correct, M&C's argument would represent a compelling demonstration of the operation of an innate, domain specific, learning principle. However,…
Descriptors: Semantics, Linguistic Theory, Language Acquisition, Language Research
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Kandel, Sonia; Peereman, Ronald; Ghimenton, Anna; Perret, Cyril – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2019
The present research is a cross-linguistic study indicating that the timing of motor production not only depends on the shape of a letter and the activation of its motor program but also on the way the orthographic representations encode the letters for spelling retrieval. English and Italian-speaking participants wrote cognate words (e.g.,…
Descriptors: Contrastive Linguistics, Psychomotor Skills, Motor Reactions, Spelling
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Lemmerth, Natalia; Hopp, Holger – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2019
To investigate cross-linguistic lexical and syntactic influences in grammatical gender in early bilingualism, we tested 12 simultaneous, 12 early successive bilingual Russian-German children, and 15 monolingual German children aged 8-9 years. An elicited production task in German shows that all bilingual children assign target gender to nouns,…
Descriptors: German, Bilingualism, Syntax, Russian
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Rojczyk, Arkadiusz – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2019
Word segmentation in L2 is not as optimal as in L1 because many, though not all, cues to signal word boundaries appear to be largely language-specific. Native English listeners use short-lag versus long-lag VOTs in segmenting pairs such as "Lou spills" versus "loose pills." Polish contrasts negative versus short-lag VOTs, so…
Descriptors: Cues, Polish, Language Acquisition, Accuracy
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Han, Ligang – International Education Studies, 2019
English is clarified as a Germanic language, and it began in what is now the British-Isles. After years of development, English language has many varieties in different parts of the world. Different varieties differ in accent, vocabulary, grammar, discourse, sociolinguistics, and have its respective characteristics in pronunciation, tone,…
Descriptors: Language Variation, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, North American English
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Saito, Kazuya – TESOL Quarterly: A Journal for Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages and of Standard English as a Second Dialect, 2019
The current study examined lexical aspects of second language (L2) speech attainment in the foreign language (FL) classroom setting (i.e., several hours of target language input per week). A total of 72 second-year university students with 7 years of FL study and no experience abroad participated in the study. Their spontaneous speech was analyzed…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Language Proficiency, Morphology (Languages)
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