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Copeland, Susan R.; Griffin, Megan M.; DiLuzio, Heather; Maez, Rolanda – Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 2021
Self-management has been found to be favorable for improving a wide variety of skills as well as decreasing problematic behaviors in individuals with a range of disabilities. We used a single case withdrawal design to investigate the use of a self-management intervention on problem behaviors of a nine-year-old Native American child with fetal…
Descriptors: Self Management, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Daily Living Skills, Contingency Management
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Bohan, Clare; Smyth, Sinéad; McDowell, Claire – Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2021
This study investigated the Caught Being Good Game (CBGG), for use with an adolescent student population. The CBGG is a positive variation of the Good Behavior Game (GBG), a popular group contingency intervention in classroom management literature. In this positive version, teams of students receive points for engaging in desirable behavior,…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Contingency Management, Behavior Modification, Educational Games
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Evans, William; Gable, Robert A.; Habib, Amany – Education Sciences, 2021
The school-age population of students is becoming increasingly more culturally and linguistically diverse. There is mounting recognition that English Learners (EL) represent a unique group of students who have special educational and linguistic needs. This article considered the needs of learners with diverse special needs such as (a) learning and…
Descriptors: Special Needs Students, Inclusion, English Language Learners, Student Needs
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McCurdy, Merilee; Skinner, Christopher; McClurg, Virginia; Whitsitt, Lynnette; Moore, Tara – Preventing School Failure, 2020
Teachers regularly apply independent group-oriented contingencies (e.g., each student who scored above 89% gets a reward) which are designed to enhance students' academic performance and achievement. In some instances, these contingencies are ineffective with low performing students. Numerous researchers have demonstrated that applying…
Descriptors: Rewards, Learning Motivation, Mathematics Achievement, Contingency Management
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Vargo, Kristina K. – Intervention in School and Clinic, 2020
Classroom teachers are responsible for providing high-quality instruction to multiple students simultaneously. When students engage in problem behaviors, instructional quality and instructional time may be negatively impacted. A multiple schedule of reinforcement is a behavioral intervention strategy that allows teachers to signal to students…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Reinforcement, Intervention, Behavior Problems
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Simpson, Jessica N.; Hopkins, Stephanie; Eakle, Christopher D.; Rose, Chad A. – Beyond Behavior, 2020
An increasing number of students with emotional and behavioral disorders are being served in general education environments. This article provides general and special education teachers with step-by-step instructions in three classroom management strategies that, when implemented well, can increase academic engagement and reduce challenging…
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Behavior Problems, Student Behavior, Emotional Disturbances
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Haydon, Todd; Musti-Rao, Shobana; Kennedy, Alana; Murphy, Meredith; Hunter, William; Boone, Jason – Beyond Behavior, 2020
Teacher praise is an evidence-based strategy shown to increase appropriate prosocial behavior and decrease disruptive behavior, particularly with elementary school age students. In this article, we provide direction and recommendations for using positive feedback with middle and high school students. A review of the research literature, guidelines…
Descriptors: Positive Reinforcement, Middle School Students, High School Students, Feedback (Response)
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Sugai, George; Simonsen, Brandi – Beyond Behavior, 2020
This article provides an overview of how reinforcement serves as the foundation for a function-based approach to support students with challenging behavior. Understanding reinforcement is essential when providing function-based support for students with challenging behavior. Reinforcement "strengthens" behavior, increasing the…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Student Behavior, Behavior Modification, Functional Behavioral Assessment
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Wahl-Alexander, Zachary; Malecki, Annie; Smart, Steven – Physical Educator, 2020
This study evaluated the effect of three conditions in which 34 sixth-grade students were prompted to accumulate as much activity as possible during a Sport Education season. Three intervention conditions were assessed via an alternating treatment design: (a) baseline: no prompting of students; (b) teacher prompts: verbal prompts and suggestions…
Descriptors: Prompting, Grade 6, Intervention, Athletics
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Helton, Maria R.; Alber-Morgan, Sheila R. – Young Exceptional Children, 2020
Early elementary inclusive classrooms present teachers with demanding responsibilities. The wide range of student backgrounds, ability levels, and previous school experiences require a well-managed classroom that maximizes instructional time. Teachers reported spending more time addressing disruptive behaviors than they thought they should. One…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Inclusion, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Teachers
Cipiani, Ennio – Communique, 2020
The function of any behavior (or chain of behaviors) can only be determined by identifying the prevailing antecedent motivating condition (Cipani & Cipani, 2019). The author dubs this antecedent condition the driving force of behavior. What you desire at a particular point in time, if such desire is at a sufficient level, executes two effects.…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Motivation, Contingency Management, Negative Reinforcement
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Hefer, Carmen; Dreisbach, Gesine – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
There is much evidence showing that the prospect of performance-contingent reward increases the usage of cuing information and cognitive stability. In a recent study, we showed that participants under reward conditions even continued using cues even when they were no longer predictive of the required response rule, even at the expense of higher…
Descriptors: Rewards, Contingency Management, Cues, Reaction Time
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Zonca, Joshua; Coricelli, Giorgio; Polonio, Luca – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
In our everyday life, we often need to anticipate the potential occurrence of events and their consequences. In this context, the way we represent contingencies can determine our ability to adapt to the environment. However, it is not clear how agents encode and organize available knowledge about the future to react to possible states of the…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Individual Differences, Task Analysis, Futures (of Society)
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Sewell, Alexandra – Educational Psychology in Practice, 2020
Social skill interventions are utilised by educational psychologists (EPs) to promote positive social behaviour amongst pupils. These have predominantly occurred for target populations, rather than at the whole-class level. Research into evidence-based, whole-class interventions for social skill development is warranted. The Good Behaviour Game…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Competence, Skill Development, Social Development, Contingency Management
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Begeny, John C.; Codding, Robin S.; Wang, Jiayi; Hida, Rahma M.; Patterson, Sierra L.; Kessler, Sarah; Fields-Turner, Felicia; Ramos, Kimberly A. – Psychology in the Schools, 2020
More than half of students in the USA perform below a proficient level in math. Although evidence suggests that intervention in elementary school is critical to supporting struggling learners, and there are several research-supported instructional practices to support students with math difficulties, the existing research is limited with regard to…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Student Motivation, Mathematics Instruction, Intervention
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