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O'Neill, Michelle; Henderson, Mo; Duffy, Orla M.; Kernohan, W. George – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Awake craniotomy with electrical stimulation has become the gold standard for tumour resection in eloquent areas of the brain. Patients' speech during the procedure can inform the intervention and evidence for language experts to support the procedure is building. Within the UK a burgeoning speech and language therapist awake…
Descriptors: Brain, Stimulation, Surgery, Cancer
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Sun, Jing; Zhao, Weiqi; Pae, Hye K. – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2020
Chinese coordinative compound words are common and unique in inter-character semantic and orthographic relationships. This study explored the inter-character orthographic similarity effects on the recognition of transparent two-morpheme coordinative compound words. Seventy-two native Chinese readers participated in a lexical decision task. The…
Descriptors: Chinese, Orthographic Symbols, Reading Processes, Morphemes
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Stokhof, Harry; de Vries, Bregje; Bastiaens, Theo; Martens, Rob – Research in Science Education, 2020
Student questioning is an important learning strategy, but rare in many classrooms, because teachers have concerns if these questions contribute to attaining curricular objectives. Teachers face the challenge of making student questioning effective for learning the curriculum. To address this challenge, a principle-based scenario for guiding…
Descriptors: Cognitive Mapping, Questioning Techniques, Outcomes of Education, Core Curriculum
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Barr, Rachel; Rusnak, Sylvia N.; Brito, Natalie H.; Nugent, Courtney – Developmental Science, 2020
Bilingual infants from 6- to 24-months of age are more likely to generalize, flexibly reproducing actions on novel objects significantly more often than age-matched monolingual infants are. In the current study, we examine whether the addition of novel verbal labels enhances memory generalization in a perceptually complex imitation task. We…
Descriptors: Infants, Monolingualism, Bilingualism, Comparative Analysis
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Chang, Peichin; Tsai, Chin-Chung; Chen, Pin-ju – Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 2020
Attaining coherence in writing remains a huge challenge for English as Foreign Language (EFL) learners. This study investigated how EFL college students structured their expository essays and attained coherence in a content-based language learning course by comparing the effects of the cognitive and linguistic approaches. Three classes…
Descriptors: College Students, English Language Learners, Expository Writing, Essays
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Chan, Stephanie W. Y.; Cheung, Wai Ming; Huang, Yanli; Lam, Wai-Ip; Lin, Chin-Hsi – Language Testing, 2020
Demand for second-language (L2) Chinese education for kindergarteners has grown rapidly, but little is known about these kindergarteners' L2 skills, with existing studies focusing on school-age populations and alphabetic languages. Accordingly, we developed a six-subtest Chinese character acquisition assessment to measure L2 kindergarteners'…
Descriptors: Chinese, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Written Language
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Gül, Seyfullah – Review of International Geographical Education Online, 2020
Individual differences, especially physical disabilities, play a significant role in people's perception of their living places and their attitudes in these environments. Accordingly, the starting point of the present research is based on the possible contributions and developments of the implementations and studies partly eliminating the negative…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Urban Schools, Student Experience, Cultural Influences
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Haneberg, Dag Håkon; Aadland, Torgeir – Industry and Higher Education, 2020
This article explores how students learn from venture creation in higher education by using a novel empirical approach: the Zaltman metaphor elicitation technique (ZMET). This inductive research approach provides extraordinarily rich data that enable a thorough and holistic understanding of students' learning processes. The participant selection…
Descriptors: Entrepreneurship, Higher Education, College Students, Communities of Practice
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Burles, Ford; Liu, Irene; Hart, Chelsie; Murias, Kara; Graham, Susan A.; Iaria, Giuseppe – Child Development, 2020
Although much is known about adults' ability to orient by means of cognitive maps (mental representations of the environment), it is less clear when this important ability emerges in development. In the present study, 97 seven- to 10-year-olds and 26 adults played a video game designed to investigate the ability to orient using cognitive maps. The…
Descriptors: Cognitive Mapping, Spatial Ability, Children, Navigation
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Li, Cuihong; Hu, Zhongyu; Yang, Jiongjiong – Learning & Memory, 2020
In recent years, there have been intensive debates on whether healthy adults acquire new word knowledge through fast mapping (FM) by a different mechanism from explicit encoding (EE). In this study, we focused on this issue and investigated to what extent reteninterval, prior knowledge (PK), and lure type modulated memory after FM and EE. Healthy…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Vocabulary Development, Cognitive Mapping, Language Acquisition
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Soicher, Raechel N.; Becker-Blease, Kathryn A. – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2020
Structure building refers to the way in which people construct meaning from incoming information by creating a foundation of mental nodes, mapping incoming information to the foundational structure, and shifting to a new structure when necessary. Structure building ability has been shown to moderate learning both in laboratory-based and…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Publishing Industry, Introductory Courses, Psychology
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Wainwright, Bethany R.; Allen, Melissa L.; Cain, Kate – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
We investigated symbolic understanding, word-picture-referent mapping, and engagement in children with autism spectrum condition (ASC) and ability-matched typically developing children. Participants viewed coloured pictorial symbols of a novel object (given a novel name) on an iPad in one of three conditions: static 2D images and either…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Handheld Devices, Pictorial Stimuli
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Astle, Duncan E.; Bathelt, Joe; Holmes, Joni – Developmental Science, 2019
Our understanding of learning difficulties largely comes from children with specific diagnoses or individuals selected from community/clinical samples according to strict inclusion criteria. Applying strict exclusionary criteria overemphasizes within group homogeneity and between group differences, and fails to capture comorbidity. Here, we…
Descriptors: Cognitive Mapping, Learning Problems, Comorbidity, Identification
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Franchin, Laura; Savazzi, Federica; Neira-Gutierrez, Isabel Cristina; Surian, Luca – Journal of Child Language, 2019
Infants begin to understand some of the meanings of the adjective "good" at around thirteen months, but it is not clear when they start to map it to concepts in the moral domain. We investigated infants' and toddlers' knowledge of "good" in the domains of help and fairness. Participants at 20 and 30 months were shown computer…
Descriptors: Infants, Child Language, Cognitive Mapping, Concept Formation
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Shaw, Ruey-Shiang – Journal of Educational Computing Research, 2019
This study focused on the relationships between knowledge mapping construction methods and learning performance. The different knowledge mapping methods (by experts vs. by self-learners) were assumed to achieve different learning performance levels. The results of this study show that neither different knowledge map construction methods nor…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Programming Languages, Correlation, Cognitive Mapping
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