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Willingham, Daniel T. – Jossey-Bass, An Imprint of Wiley, 2021
In this new edition of the highly regarded "Why Don't Students Like School?" cognitive psychologist Daniel Willingham turns his research on the biological and cognitive basis of learning into workable teaching techniques. This book will help you improve your teaching practice by explaining how you and your students think and learn. It…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Cognitive Psychology, Psychologists, Learning Processes
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Cuartas, Jorge; Weissman, David G.; Sheridan, Margaret A.; Lengua, Liliana; McLaughlin, Katie A. – Child Development, 2021
Spanking remains common around the world, despite evidence linking corporal punishment to detrimental child outcomes. This study tested whether children (M[subscript age] = 11.60) who were spanked (N = 40) exhibited altered neural function in response to stimuli that suggest the presence of an environmental threat compared to children who were not…
Descriptors: Punishment, Child Development, Neurological Organization, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Malik, Sameena; Qin, Huanq; Oteir, Ibrahim; Soomro, Muhammad Arif – Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 2021
Speaking is an essential and fundamental aspect of human Language. By acquiring and learning language, individuals can speak and conversate with each other, transmit information and interact. However, in practical aspects, it is somehow, difficult for second and foreign language learners to practice English in their day-to-day life. Despite being…
Descriptors: Barriers, Psycholinguistics, Sociolinguistics, Second Language Learning
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Rouse, Melvin, Jr.; Hamilton, Evan – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2021
Biological sex is often framed as a strict binary, resting solely on the size of gametes or the homo/heterogeneity of chromosomal pairings. This inclination toward parsimony has, in effect, led to fundamental misunderstandings in the minds of many in the public. We see this effect in the current regression of transgender rights and the institution…
Descriptors: Sex, Neurosciences, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Civil Rights
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Misluk-Gervase, Eileen – Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association, 2021
Art therapy can be particularly successful in addressing the specific needs of individuals struggling with anorexia nervosa (AN) through the use of the creative process. This article provides an understanding of the effect of malnourishment on the brain for individuals with AN and discusses how their unique needs can be met through the application…
Descriptors: Art Therapy, Eating Disorders, Creativity, Brain
Dunn, Patricia A. – Teachers College Press, 2021
"Drawing Conclusions" explores the use of juxtaposed visual representations (JVRs) to help preservice teachers grapple with abstract concepts, theories, or complex controversies in education. Acting as both a learning tool and an intellectual spark, JVRs are two simple contrasted sketches that students produce on a divided sheet of…
Descriptors: Preservice Teacher Education, Preservice Teachers, Concept Formation, Abstract Reasoning
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Cohn, Neil – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2021
Research in verbal and visual narratives has often emphasized backward-looking inferences, where absent information is subsequently inferred. However, comics use conventions like star-shaped "action stars" where a reader "knows" events are undepicted "at that moment," rather than omitted entirely. We contrasted the…
Descriptors: Inferences, Cognitive Processes, Brain, Visual Learning
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Barbosa, Edwin Y. – English Language Teaching, 2021
The purpose of this study was to propose a neurodidactic model for the development of primary communication skills in 1st year students of English as a Foreign Language at the University of Pamplona. Conceptually, the variables were supported upon relevant educational theories, language acquisition theoretical constructs and recent…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, English (Second Language)
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Turner, Kristina – Educational Philosophy and Theory, 2021
Current education paradigms were informed by the classical Newtonian worldview of brain functioning in which the mind is simply the physical activity of the brain, and our thoughts cannot have any effect upon the physical world. However, researchers in the field of quantum mechanics found that the outcomes of certain subatomic experiments are…
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Quantum Mechanics, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Physics
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Hu, Valerie W.; Hong, Yi; Xu, Minyi; Shu, Henry T. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Although differences in DNA methylation have been associated with both syndromic and idiopathic autism, differential methylation has not been examined previously with respect to sex differences. The goals of this study were to (1) identify differences in the DNA methylation profiles of lymphoblastoid cell lines derived from a subgroup of severely…
Descriptors: Genetics, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Correlation
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Reeders, Puck C.; Hamm, Amanda G.; Allen, Timothy A.; Mattfeld, Aaron T. – Learning & Memory, 2021
Remembering sequences of events defines episodic memory, but retrieval can be driven by both ordinality and temporal contexts. Whether these modes of retrieval operate at the same time or not remains unclear. Theoretically, medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) confers ordinality, while the hippocampus (HC) associates events in gradually changing…
Descriptors: Memory, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Diagnostic Tests, Task Analysis
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Fujiwara, Esther; Madan, Christopher R.; Caplan, Jeremy B.; Sommer, Tobias – Learning & Memory, 2021
The brain processes underlying impairing effects of emotional arousal on associative memory were previously attributed to two dissociable routes using high-resolution fMRI of the MTL (Madan et al. 2017). Extrahippocampal MTL regions supporting associative encoding of neutral pairs suggested unitization; conversely, associative encoding of negative…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Arousal Patterns, Neurological Impairments, Paired Associate Learning
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Salminen, Mikko; Hamari, Juho; Ravaja, Niklas – Creativity Research Journal, 2021
Trait emotional intelligence and evoked empathy may help in a task where emotion-evoking source material is utilized to ideate solutions and services for the end-user. Participants of the current study read life stories of different persons, with perspective-taking instruction to evoke either high or low empathy. The reading was followed with…
Descriptors: Empathy, Emotional Intelligence, Emotional Response, Perspective Taking
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Wang, Botao; Zhou, Huan; Duan, Haijun; Wang, Xuewei; Song, Baoping; Hu, Weiping – Creativity Research Journal, 2021
The present study aimed to explore the neural-related mechanism of the creative evaluation process in individual with different levels of creativity. The time course of evaluation process for creative objects was monitored by event-related potentials (EPRs). Forty-five participants were divided into the high-creativity performance (HCP) group and…
Descriptors: Creativity, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Diagnostic Tests, Task Analysis
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Ferrara, Katrina; Seydell-Greenwald, Anna; Chambers, Catherine E.; Newport, Elissa L.; Landau, Barbara – Developmental Science, 2021
The neural representation of visual-spatial functions has traditionally been ascribed to the right hemisphere, but little is known about these representations in children, including whether and how lateralization of function changes over the course of development. Some studies suggest bilateral activation early in life that develops toward…
Descriptors: Child Development, Spatial Ability, Cognitive Development, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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