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Stebbings, Josephine A.; Kline, Erin – International Journal for Research in Learning Disabilities, 2020
This study compared the effectiveness of Orton Gillingham (OG) tutoring and National Institute for Learning Development Educational Therapy (NILD). A randomized controlled trial using 27 participants determined whether academic and cognitive outcomes differed between the groups over a 9-month period. Participants had designated learning…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Learning Disabilities, Intervention, Program Effectiveness
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Daliri, Ayoub; Murray, Elizabeth S. Heller; Blood, Anne J.; Burns, James; Noordzij, J. Pieter; Nieto-Castanon, Alfonso; Tourville, Jason A.; Guenther, Frank H. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: Adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD), the most common form of spasmodic dysphonia, is a debilitating voice disorder characterized by hyperactivity and muscle spasms in the vocal folds during speech. Prior neuroimaging studies have noted excessive brain activity during speech in participants with ADSD compared to controls. Speech involves…
Descriptors: Voice Disorders, Brain, Speech, Auditory Perception
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Rietdijk, Rachael; Power, Emma; Attard, Michael; Heard, Robert; Togher, Leanne – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of social communication skills training (TBIconneCT) for people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and their communication partners, delivered in-person or via telehealth, on quality of conversations. Method: This study is a clinical trial, including an in-person intervention group…
Descriptors: Head Injuries, Brain, Communication Skills, Training
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Evans, William S.; Hula, William D.; Quique, Yina; Starns, Jeffrey J. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: Aphasia is a language disorder caused by acquired brain injury, which generally involves difficulty naming objects. Naming ability is assessed by measuring picture naming, and models of naming performance have mostly focused on accuracy and excluded valuable response time (RT) information. Previous approaches have therefore ignored the…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Pictorial Stimuli, Brain, Injuries
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Kane, Michele – Gifted Child Today, 2020
Adolescence is a developmental journey that is both exhilarating and exhausting, especially for those gifted and talented youngsters who are sensitive, intense, and altruistic. This combines with four major changes in brain circuitry that lead to shifts in thinking, feeling, decision-making, and interacting in the teenage mind. In addition,…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adolescent Development, Academically Gifted, Metacognition
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Kouppanou, Anna – Educational Philosophy and Theory, 2020
"Prosthesis" and the "human hand" have been terms used by various philosophers in order to describe the interaction that binds together the human being and the technical artefact -- Martin Heidegger and Jacques Derrida being among the most important of these philosophers. In Bernard Stiegler's philosophy, however, these notions…
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Children, Child Development, Physiology
Willis, Judy; Willis, Malana – ASCD, 2020
Thanks to unprecedented advances in brain science, we know more about the brain today than ever before. But what does that science tell us about how we learn? How can we capture the power of neuroscience research so that it benefits our students? Judy Willis and Malana Willis answer these questions with clarity and insight, translating recent…
Descriptors: Learning Strategies, Neurosciences, Brain, Elementary Secondary Education
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Machlin, Laura; McLaughlin, Katie A.; Sheridan, Margaret A. – Developmental Science, 2020
Low socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with greater risk for symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). One mechanism through which SES may confer risk for ADHD is by influencing brain structure. Alterations to cortical thickness, surface area and subcortical volume have been associated with low SES and with the presence of…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Socioeconomic Influences, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Brain
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Eftaxas, Danielle M.; Canto, Angela I. – Journal of Applied School Psychology, 2020
Within a school there is not typically one person assigned to aid students who have experienced a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Symptoms following a TBI may hinder a students' academic performance suggesting a need for "return-to-learn" protocols to be implemented as students return to the rigors of school. Previous literature suggests…
Descriptors: School Psychologists, Knowledge Level, Brain, Head Injuries
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Bravo, Mónica E. P.; Patiño, Ricardo S. P.; Almeida, José R. – Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education, 2020
The following story tells the details of the ketone body metabolism, focusing on the needs of the brain in prolonged fasting conditions. This literary composition highlights the use of ketone bodies as an important metabolic adaptation that avoids excessive protein degradation and allows for greater survival. The liver produces ketone bodies that…
Descriptors: Human Body, Metabolism, Brain, Physiology
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Zhang, Qi; Deng, Jing; Li, Ya-Nan; Gou, Yue; Yan, Xiao-Xin; Li, Fang; Pan, Ai-Hua – Anatomical Sciences Education, 2020
Postmortem human brain donation is crucial to both anatomy education and research. The China Human Brain Banking Consortium was established recently to foster brain donation in China. The purpose of this study was to gain information about the public perception of and attitudes toward brain donation and to identify factors that may impact the…
Descriptors: Asians, Brain, Donors, Anatomy
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Backman, Ylva; Gardelli, Teodor; Gardelli, Viktor; Strömberg, Caroline – International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 2020
The high prevalence of brain injury incidents in adolescence and adulthood demands effective models for re-learning lost cognitive abilities. Impairment in brain injury survivors' higher-level cognitive functions is common and a negative predictor for long-term outcome. We conducted two small-scale interventions (N = 12; 33.33% female) with…
Descriptors: Brain, Injuries, Cognitive Ability, Adolescents
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Wayment, Heidi A.; Huffman, Ann Hergatt – Health Education & Behavior, 2020
Most of the health interventions designed to increase athletes' reporting of potential concussion symptoms have focused only on the individual athlete. Unfortunately, interventions targeted at athletes' knowledge and understanding of concussion risk has not reliably increased their reporting behavior, leading to increased calls for "changing…
Descriptors: Head Injuries, Brain, Self Disclosure (Individuals), Intention
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O'Neill, Michelle; Henderson, Mo; Duffy, Orla M.; Kernohan, W. George – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Awake craniotomy with electrical stimulation has become the gold standard for tumour resection in eloquent areas of the brain. Patients' speech during the procedure can inform the intervention and evidence for language experts to support the procedure is building. Within the UK a burgeoning speech and language therapist awake…
Descriptors: Brain, Stimulation, Surgery, Cancer
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Buckeridge, Katherine; Clarke, Channine; Sellers, Diane – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2020
Background: Paediatric acquired brain injury (ABI) is one of the leading causes of neurodisability in childhood. The long-term effects of ABI on cognition, behaviour and emotions are well documented. Previous research has found that communication is difficult for adolescents with ABI compared with typically developing peers. Quantitative studies…
Descriptors: Head Injuries, Brain, Adolescents, Foreign Countries
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