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Kalashnikova, Marina; Goswami, Usha; Burnham, Denis – Developmental Science, 2018
Dyslexia is a neurodevelopmental disorder manifested in deficits in reading and spelling skills that is consistently associated with difficulties in phonological processing. Dyslexia is genetically transmitted, but its manifestation in a particular individual is thought to depend on the interaction of epigenetic and environmental factors. We adopt…
Descriptors: Mothers, Infants, At Risk Persons, Dyslexia
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Välimaa, Taina; Kunnari, Sari; Laukkanen-Nevala, Päivi; Lonka, Eila – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Children with unilateral cochlear implants (CIs) may have delayed vocabulary development for an extended period after implantation. Bilateral cochlear implantation is reported to be associated with improved sound localization and enhanced speech perception in noise. This study proposed that bilateral implantation might also promote…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Assistive Technology, Finno Ugric Languages, Language Skills
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Marshall, Rebecca Shisler; Laures-Gore, Jacqueline; Love, Kim – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Stroke is currently the leading cause of long-term disability in adults in the United States. There is a need for accessible, low-cost treatments of stroke-related disabilities such as aphasia. Aims: To explore an intervention for aphasia utilizing mindfulness meditation (MM). This preliminary study examines the feasibility of teaching…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Relaxation Training, Attention Control, Outcomes of Treatment
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Stewart, Mary E.; Petrou, Alexandra M.; Ota, Mitsuhiko – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
This study tested whether individuals with autism spectrum conditions (n = 23) show enhanced discrimination of acoustic differences that signal a linguistic contrast (i.e., /g/ versus /k/ as in "goat" and "coat") and whether they process such differences in a less categorical fashion as compared with 23 IQ-matched typically…
Descriptors: Auditory Perception, Speech, Adults, Autism
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Noguchi, Masaki; Hudson Kam, Carla L. – Language Learning, 2018
In human languages, different speech sounds can be contextual variants of a single phoneme, called allophones. Learning which sounds are allophones is an integral part of the acquisition of phonemes. Whether given sounds are separate phonemes or allophones in a listener's language affects speech perception. Listeners tend to be less sensitive to…
Descriptors: Phonetics, Phonology, Phonemes, Acoustics
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Kang, Okim; Thomson, Ron I.; Moran, Meghan – Language Learning, 2018
This study compared five research-based intelligibility measures as they were applied to six varieties of English. The objective was to determine which approach to measuring intelligibility would be most reliable for predicting listener comprehension, as measured through a listening comprehension test similar to the Test of English as a Foreign…
Descriptors: Language Variation, English (Second Language), Comparative Analysis, Listening Comprehension
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Patro, Chhayakanta; Mendel, Lisa Lucks – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2018
Purpose: The main goal of this study was to investigate the minimum amount of sensory information required to recognize spoken words (isolation points [IPs]) in listeners with cochlear implants (CIs) and investigate facilitative effects of semantic contexts on the IPs. Method: Listeners with CIs as well as those with normal hearing (NH)…
Descriptors: Deafness, Assistive Technology, Speech Communication, Listening
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Qian, Manman; Chukharev-Hudilainen, Evgeny; Levis, John – Language Learning & Technology, 2018
Many types of L2 phonological perception are often difficult to acquire without instruction. These difficulties with perception may also be related to intelligibility in production. Instruction on perception contrasts is more likely to be successful with the use of phonetically variable input made available through computer-assisted pronunciation…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Phonology, Auditory Perception, Second Language Instruction
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Rungruang, Apichai – English Language Teaching, 2017
Attempts to account for consonant cluster acquisition are always made into two aspects. One is transfer of the first language (L1), and another is markedness effects on the developmental processes in second language acquisition. This study has continued these attempts by finding out how well Thai university students were able to perceive English…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Phonemes
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Verhoeven, Ludo; Steenge, Judit; van Leeuwe, Jan; van Balkom, Hans – Topics in Language Disorders, 2017
In this study, we investigated which componential skills can be distinguished in the second language (L2) development of 140 bilingual children with specific language impairment in the Netherlands, aged 6-11 years, divided into 3 age groups. L2 development was assessed by means of spoken language tasks representing different language skills…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Children, Preadolescents, Foreign Countries
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Edwards, Jerri D.; Lister, Jennifer J.; Elias, Maya N.; Tetlow, Amber M.; Sardina, Angela L.; Sadeq, Nasreen A.; Brandino, Amanda D.; Bush, Aryn L. Harrison – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2017
Purpose: Studies suggest that deficits in auditory processing predict cognitive decline and dementia, but those studies included limited measures of auditory processing. The purpose of this study was to compare older adults with and without probable mild cognitive impairment (MCI) across two domains of auditory processing (auditory performance in…
Descriptors: Older Adults, Case Studies, Auditory Perception, Cognitive Processes
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Millman, Rebecca E.; Mattys, Sven L. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2017
Purpose: Background noise can interfere with our ability to understand speech. Working memory capacity (WMC) has been shown to contribute to the perception of speech in modulated noise maskers. WMC has been assessed with a variety of auditory and visual tests, often pertaining to different components of working memory. This study assessed the…
Descriptors: Auditory Perception, Short Term Memory, Individual Differences, Speech Communication
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Aithal, Sreedevi; Kei, Joseph; Aithal, Venkatesh; Manuel, Alehandrea; Myers, Joshua; Driscoll, Carlie; Khan, Asaduzzaman – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2017
Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe normative aspects of wideband acoustic immittance (WAI) measures obtained from healthy White neonates. Method: In this cross-sectional study, wideband absorbance (WBA), admittance magnitude, and admittance phase were measured under ambient pressure condition in 326 ears from 203 neonates (M age…
Descriptors: Infants, Acoustics, Whites, Auditory Tests
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Shea, Christine – Second Language Research, 2017
We consider how orthography activates sounds that are in a noncontrastive relationship in the second language (L2) and for which only one variant exists in the first language (L1). Participants were L1 English / L2 Spanish and native Spanish listeners. Intervocalically, Spanish graphemes "b d g" correspond phonetically to stops and…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Task Analysis, Language Research, Phonetics
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Balan, Oana; Moldoveanu, Alin; Moldoveanu, Florica; Nagy, Hunor; Wersenyi, Gyorgy; Unnporsson, Runar – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2017
Introduction: As the number of people with visual impairments (that is, those who are blind or have low vision) is continuously increasing, rehabilitation and engineering researchers have identified the need to design sensory-substitution devices that would offer assistance and guidance to these people for performing navigational tasks. Auditory…
Descriptors: Audio Equipment, Educational Games, Assistive Technology, Visual Impairments
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