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Burkitt, Esther; Watling, Dawn – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2013
The present study was designed to investigate the impact of familiarity and audience age on children's self-presentation in self-drawings of happy, sad and neutral figures. Two hundred children (100 girls and 100 boys) with the average age of 8 years 2 months, ranging from 6 years 3 months to 10 years 1 month, formed two age groups and five…
Descriptors: Familiarity, Age Differences, Children, Freehand Drawing
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Burkitt, Esther; Watling, Dawn; Murray, Lucy – Infant and Child Development, 2011
The present study assessed if children would present different information in their drawings of emotion eliciting stimuli when they believed that an adult or a child audience would view their drawings. Seventy-five 6-year-olds (44 boys and 31 girls) were allocated to three groups: the reference group, the child audience group and the adult…
Descriptors: Childrens Art, Audiences, Freehand Drawing, Emotional Response
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Watling, Dawn; Banerjee, Robin – Social Development, 2007
Previous research has demonstrated that 10-year-olds can provide interpersonal explanations for certain self-presentational tactics, but detailed information about the development of their understanding of these tactics is lacking. This research investigated children's understanding of the processes involved in ingratiation (used to indicate…
Descriptors: Audiences, Peer Relationship, Social Cognition, Older Adults
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Watling, Dawn; Banerjee, Robin – Infant and Child Development, 2007
Previous research has suggested that the understanding of modesty--downplaying one's achievements to evoke a positive social evaluation--develops in the primary school years. However, very little is known about how children's understanding of modesty is associated with social contextual factors, such as audience type. A sample of 92 children aged…
Descriptors: Age, Audience Awareness, Audiences, Children