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Swanson, Elizabeth; Barnes, Marcia; Fall, Anna-Mari; Roberts, Greg – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2018
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of inference making, decoding, memory, and vocabulary on reading comprehension among 7th- through 12th-grade struggling readers with varying levels of inattention and hyperactivity. We categorized a group of 414 struggling readers into 3 groups based on results from factor mixture modeling:…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Skills, Reading Difficulties, Decoding (Reading)
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Nesayan, Abbas; Asadi Gandomani, Roghayeh; Movallali, Gita; Dunn, Winnie – Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools & Early Intervention, 2018
This study investigates the relationship between sensory processing patterns and behavioral patterns in children. The population consisted of all children in Tehran city. Participation included 229 school and 155 preschool children. We collected data using the Sensory Profile School Companion and Conners Teacher Rating Scale. Results showed that…
Descriptors: Sensory Integration, Cognitive Processes, Occupational Therapy, Behavior Problems
Uzhansky, Jane – ProQuest LLC, 2018
The co-occurrence of learning disabilities (LD), such as speech and language impairment (SLI) and attention deficit disorder/attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADD/ADHD), also classified as other health impairment (OHI), is significant. Many of these students are being placed in the general education setting and need to obtain the learning…
Descriptors: Mathematics, Speech Impairments, Language Impairments, Attention Deficit Disorders
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Jayawardene, Wasantha; Erbe, Ryan; Lohrmann, David; Torabi, Mohammad – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: School-based treatment and counseling services (TCSs) can integrate mind-body techniques (MBTs) to improve children's health, wellness, and academic performance. We aimed to describe the effect of school-based TCS on MBT-use among students experiencing difficulties with concentration, emotions, behaviors, and getting along (DCEBG).…
Descriptors: School Health Services, School Counseling, Child Health, Wellness
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Garwood, Justin D.; Varghese, Cheryl; Vernon-Feagans, Lynne – Journal of Early Intervention, 2017
Although evidence of negative associations between early literacy development and children's behavior problems exists, the field still lacks an understanding of the complicated links between these two areas. Children's gender has often not been included in much of the extant research as a potential moderating variable, yet gender differences may…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Hyperactivity, Attention Deficit Disorders, Child Behavior
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Davis, Allyson L.; Neece, Cameron L. – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2017
Introduction: Studies have shown that parents of children with pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) exhibit higher levels of stress than parents of typically developing children or children with other types of developmental delays (DD). This relationship appears to be mediated by elevated levels of behavior problems observed in children with…
Descriptors: Child Behavior, Stress Variables, Metacognition, Behavior Problems
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Rausch, Erica; Racz, Sarah J.; Augenstein, Tara M.; Keeley, Lauren; Lipton, Melanie F.; Szollos, Sebastian; Riffle, James; Moriarity, Daniel; Kromash, Rachelle; De Los Reyes, Andres – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2017
Background: Among adolescents, depressive symptoms commonly co-occur with social anxiety, with social anxiety often developmentally preceding depressive symptoms. Thus, evidence-based assessments of adolescent social anxiety should be augmented with assessments of depressive symptoms using measures that can be administered across developmental…
Descriptors: Depression (Psychology), Measures (Individuals), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Clinical Diagnosis
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Yeari, Menahem; Isser, Michal; Schiff, Rachel – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
A controversy has recently developed regarding the hypothesis that developmental dyslexia may be caused, in some cases, by a reduced visual attention span (VAS). To examine this hypothesis, independent of phonological abilities, researchers tested the ability of dyslexic participants to recognize arrays of unfamiliar visual characters. Employing…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Attention Span, Visual Perception, Visual Discrimination
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Gochenour, Brittany; Poskey, Gail A. – Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools & Early Intervention, 2017
A student's ability to attend in the classroom is an important factor in determining academic success. This systematic review examined the effects of an alternative seating system on improving attention in students with attention difficulties. Databases searched included CINAHL, Medline, PsycINFO, OTSeeker, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar.…
Descriptors: Classroom Design, Space Utilization, Attention Deficit Disorders, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
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Kirk, Hannah E.; Gray, Kylie; Riby, Deborah M.; Taffe, John; Cornish, Kim M. – Developmental Science, 2017
Despite well-documented attention deficits in children with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), distinctions across types of attention problems and their association with academic attainment has not been fully explored. This study examines visual attention capacities and inattentive/hyperactive behaviours in 77 children aged 4 to…
Descriptors: Attention Control, Hyperactivity, Attention Deficit Disorders, Intellectual Disability
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Idler, Alyssa M.; Mercer, Sterett H.; Starosta, Lindsay; Bartfai, Jamie M. – Contemporary School Psychology, 2017
Students with attentional difficulties are at greater risk for reading difficulties. To address this concern, we examined the extent to which adding a mindful breathing exercise to individual reading fluency interventions would improve gains in reading fluency, student-reported attention, and student-reported stress. In a restricted alternating…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Reading Fluency, Intervention, Stress Variables
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Gersten, Russell – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
In this commentary, the author reflects on four studies that have greatly expanded the knowledge base on effective interventions in mathematics, and he provides four rigorous experimental studies of approaches for students likely to experience difficulties learning mathematics over a large grade-level span (pre-K to 4th grade). All of the…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Preschool Education, Intervention
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Chatzara, K.; Karagiannidis, C.; Stamatis, D. – Education and Information Technologies, 2016
This paper presents an anthropocentric approach in human-machine interaction in the area of self-regulated e-learning. In an attempt to enhance communication mediated through computers for pedagogical use we propose the incorporation of an intelligent emotional agent that is represented by a synthetic character with multimedia capabilities,…
Descriptors: Electronic Learning, Computer Mediated Communication, Higher Education, Learning Problems
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McGrath, Lauren M.; Oates, Joyce M.; Dai, Yael G.; Dodd, Helen F.; Waxler, Jessica; Clements, Caitlin C.; Weill, Sydney; Hoffnagle, Alison; Anderson, Erin; MacRae, Rebecca; Mullett, Jennifer; McDougle, Christopher J.; Pober, Barbara R.; Smoller, Jordan W. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) often experience significant anxiety. A promising approach to anxiety intervention has emerged from cognitive studies of attention bias to threat. To investigate the utility of this intervention in WS, this study examined attention bias to happy and angry faces in individuals with WS (N = 46). Results showed…
Descriptors: Developmental Disabilities, Attention, Anxiety, Psychological Patterns
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Dong, Shengli; Lucas, Margaretha S. – Career Development and Transition for Exceptional Individuals, 2016
This study focused on the academic performance and use of disability support services (DSS) of students with different types of disabilities who attend a postsecondary education institution. Findings show different patterns of academic success over four semesters as well as different patterns of DSS usage. Students who requested support from DSS…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Postsecondary Education, Related Services (Special Education), Use Studies
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