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Ergas, Oren – Journal of Curriculum Studies, 2018
Curriculum discourse focuses understandably, on the formal and enacted curriculum; however, studies demonstrate that much of individuals' waking hours are spent in task-unrelated thinking and mind-wandering. No less, this pervasive phenomenon has been shown to affect us in many ways that can be linked to education. This paper examines this…
Descriptors: Attention Control, Hidden Curriculum, Higher Education, Metacognition
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Visu-Petra, Laura; Cheie, Lavinia; Câmpan, Maria; Scutelnicu, Ioana; Benga, Oana – Early Child Development and Care, 2018
The present study aimed to investigate early interrelationships between temperament, short-term memory (STM) and working memory (WM), while also relating them to incipient anxious traits in a sample of 4-7-year-olds. Preschoolers were evaluated using verbal and visuospatial STM and WM tasks, while parental reports were used to assess children's…
Descriptors: Personality, Short Term Memory, Preschool Children, Foreign Countries
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Meier, Matt E.; Smeekens, Bridget A.; Silvia, Paul J.; Kwapil, Thomas R.; Kane, Michael J. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
The association between working memory capacity (WMC) and the antisaccade task, which requires subjects to move their eyes and attention away from a strong visual cue, supports the claim that WMC is partially an attentional construct (Kane, Bleckley, Conway, & Engle, 2001; Unsworth, Schrock, & Engle, 2004). Specifically, the…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Individual Differences, Reaction Time, Cues
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Bobadilla-Suarez, Sebastian; Love, Bradley C. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Heuristics are simple, yet effective, strategies that people use to make decisions. Because heuristics do not require all available information, they are thought to be easy to implement and to not tax limited cognitive resources, which has led heuristics to be characterized as fast-and-frugal. We question this monolithic conception of heuristics…
Descriptors: Heuristics, Decision Making, Cognitive Processes, Attention Control
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Marshall, Rebecca Shisler; Laures-Gore, Jacqueline; Love, Kim – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Stroke is currently the leading cause of long-term disability in adults in the United States. There is a need for accessible, low-cost treatments of stroke-related disabilities such as aphasia. Aims: To explore an intervention for aphasia utilizing mindfulness meditation (MM). This preliminary study examines the feasibility of teaching…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Relaxation Training, Attention Control, Outcomes of Treatment
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McClure, Elisabeth R.; Chentsova-Dutton, Yulia E.; Holochwost, Steven J.; Parrott, W. G.; Barr, Rachel – Child Development, 2018
Although many relatives use video chat to keep in touch with toddlers, key features of adult-toddler interaction like joint visual attention (JVA) may be compromised in this context. In this study, 25 families with a child between 6 and 24 months were observed using video chat at home with geographically separated grandparents. We define two types…
Descriptors: Infants, Toddlers, Child Development, Social Development
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Bennett, Rebecca Iranzo; Egan, Helen; Cook, Amy; Mantzios, Michail – Higher Education for the Future, 2018
Higher education students experience heightened levels of stress and anxiety, and report experiencing negative thoughts and emotions, which influence information retention and recall. In a randomized experiment, we assigned participants to either a mindfulness meditation or an audiobook listening condition, and recorded the information recalled…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Relaxation Training, Attention Control, Recall (Psychology)
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Follmer, D. Jake – Educational Psychologist, 2018
This article presents a meta-analytic review of the relation between executive function and reading comprehension. Results (N = 6,673) supported a moderate positive association between executive function and reading comprehension (r = 0.36). Moderator analyses suggested that correlations between executive function and reading comprehension did not…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Reading Comprehension, Meta Analysis, Correlation
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King, Josiah P. J.; Loy, Jia E.; Corley, Martin – Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, 2018
Where the veracity of a statement is in question, listeners tend to interpret disfluency as signaling dishonesty. Previous research in deception suggests that this results from a speaker model, linking lying to cognitive effort and effort to disfluency. However, the disfluency-lying bias occurs very quickly: Might listeners instead simply…
Descriptors: Pragmatics, Inferences, Deception, Context Effect
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Scott, Allie; Winchester, Suzy Barcelos; Sullivan, Mary C. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2018
Premature infants have significant risk for later behavior problems. This study examined growth trajectories of three problem behaviors across five developmental age points from preschool to early adulthood in a well-characterized sample of premature infants. The effects of neonatal risk, gender, and socioeconomic context were modeled on these…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Premature Infants, Gender Differences, Scores
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Spaniol, Mayra Muller; Shalev, Lilach; Kossyvaki, Lila; Mevorach, Carmel – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
This study assessed the effectiveness of an attention intervention program (Computerized Progressive Attentional Training; CPAT) in improving academic performance of children with ASD. Fifteen 6-10 year olds with ASD attending a mainstream and a special school were assigned to an experimental (CPAT; n = 8) and active control (computer games; n =…
Descriptors: Attention Control, Training, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Zhang, Li; Rao, Nirmala – Early Education and Development, 2017
Research Findings: This study investigated the relationships between effortful control and early literacy and mathematics achievement. A total of 181 children (85 girls and 96 boys) from rural China were assessed when they were in Grades 1 and 2. Path analyses controlling for maternal education indicated that effortful control at the beginning of…
Descriptors: Emergent Literacy, Mathematics Achievement, Rural Areas, Foreign Countries
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Berninger, Virginia; Abbott, Robert; Cook, Clayton R.; Nagy, William – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
Relationships between attention/executive functions and language learning were investigated in students in Grades 4 to 9 (N = 88) with and without specific learning disabilities (SLDs) in multiword syntax in oral and written language (OWL LD), word reading and spelling (dyslexia), and subword letter writing (dysgraphia). Prior…
Descriptors: Correlation, Attention Control, Executive Function, Multiple Regression Analysis
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Dollar, Jessica M.; Stifter, Cynthia A.; Buss, Kristin A. – Developmental Psychology, 2017
The current study aimed to substantiate and extend our understanding regarding the existence and developmental pathways of 3 distinct temperament profiles--exuberant, inhibited, and average approach--in a sample of 3.5-year-old children (n = 121). The interactions between temperamental styles and specific types of effortful control, inhibitory…
Descriptors: Child Development, Young Children, Interaction, Personality Traits
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Hanley, Mary; Khairat, Mariam; Taylor, Korey; Wilson, Rachel; Cole-Fletcher, Rachel; Riby, Deborah M. – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Paying attention is a critical first step toward learning. For children in primary school classrooms there can be many things to attend to other than the focus of a lesson, such as visual displays on classroom walls. The aim of this study was to use eye-tracking techniques to explore the impact of visual displays on attention and learning for…
Descriptors: Attention, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Eye Movements
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