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Agnoli, Sergio; Vanucci, Manila; Pelagatti, Claudia; Corazza, Giovanni Emanuele – Creativity Research Journal, 2018
Even if mind wandering (MW) and mindfulness have traditionally been intended as separate and antithetical constructs, the roles of these 2 mental states on creative behavior were jointly explored in this article. In particular, MW was analyzed in light of a recent approach suggesting a differentiation between deliberate and spontaneous MW, whereas…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Creativity, Attention Control, Correlation
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Hetzroni, Orit E.; Shalahevich, Kiril – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Analogical reasoning was investigated among children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) without intellectual disabilities and typical development (TD). Children were asked to select one of two targets in two conditions: (1) with and without spatial structure similarity; (2) with and without a perceptual distractor. Results demonstrate that…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Information Processing, Executive Function
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Al-Dababneh, Kholoud Adeeb; Al-Zboon, Eman K. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2018
Impulsive behavior is a characteristic of children with specific learning disabilities (SLD), and is related to learning ability. The present study aims to identify impulsivity behavior in children with SLD who attend inclusion schools, from their resource room teachers' perspectives. A 31-item questionnaire that addressed four subscales was…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Inclusion, Questionnaires, Teacher Surveys
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McCoy, Dana Charles; Jones, Stephanie; Roy, Amanda; Raver, C. Cybele – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Although research has shown fade-out of the cognitive benefits of classroom-based preschool interventions, less is known regarding the durability of social-emotional impacts. This study examines the extent to which the multicomponent Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP) intervention lowered risk of internalizing, externalizing, attention, and…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Social Development, Emotional Development, Low Income
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Chen, Chih-Ming; Wang, Jung-Ying – Interactive Learning Environments, 2018
Many studies have shown that learners' sustained attention strongly affects e-learning performance, particularly during online synchronous instruction. This work thus develops a novel attention monitoring and alarm mechanism (AMAM) based on brainwave signals to improve learning performance via monitoring the attention state of individual learners…
Descriptors: Online Courses, Web Based Instruction, Computer Mediated Communication, Asynchronous Communication
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Scott, Allie; Winchester, Suzy Barcelos; Sullivan, Mary C. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2018
Premature infants have significant risk for later behavior problems. This study examined growth trajectories of three problem behaviors across five developmental age points from preschool to early adulthood in a well-characterized sample of premature infants. The effects of neonatal risk, gender, and socioeconomic context were modeled on these…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Premature Infants, Gender Differences, Scores
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Spaniol, Mayra Muller; Shalev, Lilach; Kossyvaki, Lila; Mevorach, Carmel – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
This study assessed the effectiveness of an attention intervention program (Computerized Progressive Attentional Training; CPAT) in improving academic performance of children with ASD. Fifteen 6-10 year olds with ASD attending a mainstream and a special school were assigned to an experimental (CPAT; n = 8) and active control (computer games; n =…
Descriptors: Attention Control, Training, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Ergas, Oren – Journal of Curriculum Studies, 2018
Curriculum discourse focuses understandably, on the formal and enacted curriculum; however, studies demonstrate that much of individuals' waking hours are spent in task-unrelated thinking and mind-wandering. No less, this pervasive phenomenon has been shown to affect us in many ways that can be linked to education. This paper examines this…
Descriptors: Attention Control, Hidden Curriculum, Higher Education, Metacognition
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Visu-Petra, Laura; Cheie, Lavinia; Câmpan, Maria; Scutelnicu, Ioana; Benga, Oana – Early Child Development and Care, 2018
The present study aimed to investigate early interrelationships between temperament, short-term memory (STM) and working memory (WM), while also relating them to incipient anxious traits in a sample of 4-7-year-olds. Preschoolers were evaluated using verbal and visuospatial STM and WM tasks, while parental reports were used to assess children's…
Descriptors: Personality, Short Term Memory, Preschool Children, Foreign Countries
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Meier, Matt E.; Smeekens, Bridget A.; Silvia, Paul J.; Kwapil, Thomas R.; Kane, Michael J. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
The association between working memory capacity (WMC) and the antisaccade task, which requires subjects to move their eyes and attention away from a strong visual cue, supports the claim that WMC is partially an attentional construct (Kane, Bleckley, Conway, & Engle, 2001; Unsworth, Schrock, & Engle, 2004). Specifically, the…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Individual Differences, Reaction Time, Cues
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Bobadilla-Suarez, Sebastian; Love, Bradley C. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Heuristics are simple, yet effective, strategies that people use to make decisions. Because heuristics do not require all available information, they are thought to be easy to implement and to not tax limited cognitive resources, which has led heuristics to be characterized as fast-and-frugal. We question this monolithic conception of heuristics…
Descriptors: Heuristics, Decision Making, Cognitive Processes, Attention Control
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Marshall, Rebecca Shisler; Laures-Gore, Jacqueline; Love, Kim – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: Stroke is currently the leading cause of long-term disability in adults in the United States. There is a need for accessible, low-cost treatments of stroke-related disabilities such as aphasia. Aims: To explore an intervention for aphasia utilizing mindfulness meditation (MM). This preliminary study examines the feasibility of teaching…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Relaxation Training, Attention Control, Outcomes of Treatment
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McClure, Elisabeth R.; Chentsova-Dutton, Yulia E.; Holochwost, Steven J.; Parrott, W. G.; Barr, Rachel – Child Development, 2018
Although many relatives use video chat to keep in touch with toddlers, key features of adult-toddler interaction like joint visual attention (JVA) may be compromised in this context. In this study, 25 families with a child between 6 and 24 months were observed using video chat at home with geographically separated grandparents. We define two types…
Descriptors: Infants, Toddlers, Child Development, Social Development
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Bennett, Rebecca Iranzo; Egan, Helen; Cook, Amy; Mantzios, Michail – Higher Education for the Future, 2018
Higher education students experience heightened levels of stress and anxiety, and report experiencing negative thoughts and emotions, which influence information retention and recall. In a randomized experiment, we assigned participants to either a mindfulness meditation or an audiobook listening condition, and recorded the information recalled…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Relaxation Training, Attention Control, Recall (Psychology)
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Follmer, D. Jake – Educational Psychologist, 2018
This article presents a meta-analytic review of the relation between executive function and reading comprehension. Results (N = 6,673) supported a moderate positive association between executive function and reading comprehension (r = 0.36). Moderator analyses suggested that correlations between executive function and reading comprehension did not…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Reading Comprehension, Meta Analysis, Correlation
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