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Breland, Hunter; Kubota, Melvin; Nickerson, Kristine; Trapani, Catherine; Walker, Michael – College Entrance Examination Board, 2004
This study investigated the impact on ethnic, language, and gender groups of a new kind of essay prompt type intended for use with the new SAT®. The study also generated estimates of the reliability of scores obtained using the prompts examined. To examine the impact of a new prompt type, random samples of eleventh-grade students in 49…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Standardized Tests, Ethnic Groups, Language Usage
Dorans, Neil J. – College Entrance Examination Board, 2002
The history of SAT® score scales is summarized, and the need for realigning SAT score scales is demonstrated. The process employed to produce the conversions that take scores from the original SAT scales to recentered scales in which reference group scores are centered near the midpoint of the score-reporting range is laid out. For the purposes of…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Scores, Scaling, Scoring
Young, John W. – College Entrance Examination Board, 2001
This research report is a review and analysis of all of the published studies during the past 25+ years (since 1974) in the area of differential validity/prediction and college admission testing. More specifically, this report includes 49 separate studies of differences in validity and/or prediction for different racial/ethnic groups and/or for…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Validity, Prediction, Educational Research
Burton, Nancy W.; Ramist, Leonard – College Entrance Examination Board, 2001
Studies predicting success in college for students graduating since 1980 are reviewed. SAT scores and high school records are the most common predictors, but a few studies of other predictors are included. The review establishes that SAT scores and high school records predict academic performance, nonacademic accomplishments, leadership in…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Scores, Grade Point Average, Academic Achievement