ERIC Number: EJ1175753
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
The Effects of Extinction-Aroused Attention on Context Conditioning
Nelson, James Byron; Fabiano, Andrew M.; Lamoureux, Jeffrey A.
Learning & Memory, v25 n4 p165-175 Apr 2018
Two experiments assessed the effects of extinguishing a conditioned cue on subsequent context conditioning. Each experiment used a different video-game method where sensors predicted attacking spaceships and participants responded to the sensor in a way that prepared them for the upcoming attack. In Experiment 1 extinction of a cue which signaled a spaceship-attack outcome facilitated subsequent learning when the attack occurred unsignaled. In Experiment 2 extinction of a cue facilitated subsequent learning, regardless of whether the spaceship outcome was the same or different as used in the earlier training. In neither experiment did the extinction context become inhibitory. Results are discussed in terms of current associative theories of attention and conditioning.
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Arousal Patterns, Attention, Context Effect, Conditioning, Experiments, Cues, Video Games, Inhibition, Associative Learning, Discrimination Learning, College Students, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A