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Showing 1 to 15 of 48 results Save | Export
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Borelli, Jessica L.; Hong, Kajung; Rasmussen, Hannah F.; Smiley, Patricia A. – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Theorists argue that parental reflective functioning (PRF) is activated in response to emotions, potentially supporting parenting sensitivity even when arousal is high. That is, when parents become emotionally reactive when interacting with their children, those who can use PRF to understand their children's mental states should be able to parent…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Arousal Patterns, Parents, Parent Child Relationship
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Foley, Gilbert M. – Topics in Language Disorders, 2017
The nature of play and an overview of the stages of play in the first 5 years of childhood are discussed. The core features of sensorimotor, functional, and symbolic play are identified. Vignettes describing how play serves a regulatory function punctuate each section. A conceptual framework for the construct of regulation is presented and…
Descriptors: Play, Young Children, Vignettes, Emotional Response
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Jamieson, Jeremy P.; Hangen, Emily J.; Lee, Hae Yeon; Yeager, David S. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Regulating affective responses to acute stress has the potential to improve health, performance, and well-being outcomes. Using the biopsychosocial (BPS) model of challenge and threat as an organizing framework, we review how appraisals inform affective responses and highlight research that demonstrates how appraisals can be used as regulatory…
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Stress Management, Arousal Patterns, Coping
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Jamieson, Jeremy P.; Hangen, Emily J.; Lee, Hae Yeon; Yeager, David S. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Regulating affective responses to acute stress has the potential to improve health, performance, and well-being outcomes. Using the biopsychosocial (BPS) model of challenge and threat as an organizing framework, we review how appraisals inform affective responses and highlight research that demonstrates how appraisals can be used as regulatory…
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Stress Management, Arousal Patterns, Coping
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Blair, Clancy; Ursache, Alexandra; Mills-Koonce, Roger; Stifter, Cynthia; Voegtline, Kristin; Granger, Douglas A. – Developmental Psychology, 2015
Cortisol output in response to emotion induction procedures was examined at child age 24 months in a prospective longitudinal sample of 1,292 children and families in predominantly low-income and nonurban communities in two regions of high poverty in the United States. Multilevel analysis indicated that observed emotional reactivity to a mask…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Stress Variables, Physiology, Emotional Response
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Mongillo, Elizabeth A.; Briggs-Gowan, Margaret; Ford, Julian D.; Carter, Alice S. – Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2009
Toddlers may be at particularly high risk for a number of psychiatric, developmental and neurobiological consequences in the aftermath of trauma. The social and emotional impact of potentially traumatic life events experienced between 6 and 36-months of age was assessed in an epidemiological birth cohort of 18- to 36-month-olds from the Greater…
Descriptors: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Toddlers, Stress Variables, At Risk Persons
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Flynn, Kathryn A. – Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 2008
Women remain perhaps the forgotten majority of persons to survive clergy-perpetrated sexual abuse. The impact of this abuse of women has been largely overlooked. Through a qualitative exploration of narratives from semistructured interviews of 25 women sexually abused by clergy (18 as adults and 7 as children), this study examined how the women…
Descriptors: Clergy, Sexual Abuse, Females, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
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Carmona, Joseph E.; Holland, Alissa K.; Stratton, Harrison J.; Harrison, David W. – Brain and Cognition, 2008
The aim of the present experiment was to extend the literature on hostility and a cerebral systems based model of sympathetic arousal to a vestibular-based stress. Several authors have concluded that autonomic stress reactivity in high hostile individuals must be interpersonally based, whereas healthy vestibular system functioning does not depend…
Descriptors: Arousal Patterns, Psychological Patterns, Brain, Neurological Organization
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Schmader, Toni; Johns, Michael; Forbes, Chad – Psychological Review, 2008
Research showing that activation of negative stereotypes can impair the performance of stigmatized individuals on a wide variety of tasks has proliferated. However, a complete understanding of the processes underlying these stereotype threat effects on behavior is still lacking. The authors examine stereotype threat in the context of research on…
Descriptors: Stereotypes, Negative Attitudes, Short Term Memory, Stress Variables
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Hankin, Benjamin L. – Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2008
Depression commonly co-occurs with anxiety and externalizing problems. Etiological factors from a central cognitive theory of depression, the Hopelessness Theory (Abramson et al. "Psychological Review," 96, 358-372, 1989), were examined to evaluate whether a negative inferential style about cause, consequence, and self interacted with stressors…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Depression (Psychology), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Stress Variables
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Geva, Ronny; Feldman, Ruth – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2008
Neurobiological models propose an evolutionary, vertical-integrative perspective on emotion and behavior regulation, which postulates that regulatory functions are processed along three core brain systems: the brainstem, limbic, and cortical systems. To date, few developmental studies applied these models to research on prenatal and perinatal…
Descriptors: Sensory Integration, Infants, Brain Hemisphere Functions, At Risk Persons
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Hastings, Paul D.; Zahn-Waxler, Carolyn; Usher, Barbara A. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2007
Behavioral responses to stress and challenge are based in emotional and physiological arousal reactions. Adolescents with maladaptive or problematic behavior patterns, such as internalizing or externalizing problems, are likely to show atypical emotional and physiological reactions to stress. Relations between problems and reactions to stress were…
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Metabolism, Behavior Patterns, Early Adolescents
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Bride, Brian E.; Robinson, Margaret M.; Yegidis, Bonnie; Figley, Charles R. – Research on Social Work Practice, 2004
Objective: To describe the development and validation of the Secondary Traumatic Stress Scale (STSS), a 17-item instrument designed to measure intrusion, avoidance, and arousal symptoms associated with indirect exposure to traumatic events via one's professional relationships with traumatized clients. Method: A sample of 287 licensed social…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Test Validity, Measures (Individuals), Social Work
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Eisen, Mitchell L.; Qin, Jianjian; Goodman, Gail S.; Davis, Suzanne L. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2002
This study assessed 3- to 17-year-olds' memory and suggestibility in the context of ongoing child maltreatment investigations. Results from 189 subjects indicated that general psychopathology, short-term memory, and intellectual ability predicted facets of children's memory performance. Older compared to young children evinced fewer memory errors…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Arousal Patterns, Child Abuse, Children
Matthews, Doris B. – 1988
Middle school children make a number of accomodations that create stress in their lives. This study examined the effects on sixth and seventh grade students (N=53) of a stress management program that emphasized self-regulation of physiological aspects of functioning along the relaxation/arousal continuum. The experimental group received intensive…
Descriptors: Affective Measures, Arousal Patterns, Cognitive Measurement, Grade 6
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