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Busuito, Alex; Quigley, Kelsey M.; Moore, Ginger A.; Voegtline, Kristin M.; DiPietro, Janet A. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Infant-mother behavioral synchrony is thought to scaffold the development of self-regulation in the first years of life. During this time, infants' and mothers' physiological regulation may contribute to dyadic synchrony and, in infants, dyadic synchrony may support infants' physiological regulation. Because the sympathetic nervous system (SNS)…
Descriptors: Correlation, Infants, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship
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Wass, Sam V.; de Barbaro, Kaya; Clackson, Kaili; Leong, Victoria – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Previous research is inconsistent as to whether a more labile (faster-changing) autonomic system confers performance advantages, or disadvantages, in infants and children. To examine this, we presented a stimulus battery consisting of mixed static and dynamic viewing materials to a cohort of 63 typical 12-month-old infants. While viewing the…
Descriptors: Infants, Attention, Anxiety, Attention Span
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Roberts, Jane E.; Tonnsen, Bridgette; Robinson, Ashley; Shinkareva, Svetlana V. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2012
The present study contrasted physiological arousal in infants and toddlers with fragile X syndrome to typically developing control participants and examined physiological predictors early in development to autism severity later in development in fragile X syndrome. Thirty-one males with fragile X syndrome (ages 8-40 months) and 25 age-matched…
Descriptors: Intervals, Mental Retardation, Autism, Toddlers
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Mongillo, Elizabeth A.; Briggs-Gowan, Margaret; Ford, Julian D.; Carter, Alice S. – Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2009
Toddlers may be at particularly high risk for a number of psychiatric, developmental and neurobiological consequences in the aftermath of trauma. The social and emotional impact of potentially traumatic life events experienced between 6 and 36-months of age was assessed in an epidemiological birth cohort of 18- to 36-month-olds from the Greater…
Descriptors: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Toddlers, Stress Variables, At Risk Persons
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Geva, Ronny; Feldman, Ruth – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2008
Neurobiological models propose an evolutionary, vertical-integrative perspective on emotion and behavior regulation, which postulates that regulatory functions are processed along three core brain systems: the brainstem, limbic, and cortical systems. To date, few developmental studies applied these models to research on prenatal and perinatal…
Descriptors: Sensory Integration, Infants, Brain Hemisphere Functions, At Risk Persons
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Richards, Stephen B.; Taylor, Ronald L. – Assessment for Effective Intervention, 2005
Assessment of individuals with profound disabilities is problematic, particularly when traditional approaches are used. As a result, alternate assessments have been attempted that better suit the needs of these students. One approach that has shown some promise is biobehavioral state assessment. Initially used with infants without disabilities,…
Descriptors: Severe Disabilities, Evaluation Methods, Alternative Assessment, Physiology
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Thomas, Hoben; Gilmore, Rick O. – Psychological Methods, 2004
Infant-control habituation methodology, although serving the research community well, has never been carefully analyzed. A main use is to equate infants in their level of habituation prior to experimental manipulations in a posthabituation phase. When studied analytically and with simulation, it is found to have serious difficulties. It…
Descriptors: Infants, Habituation, Infant Behavior, Evaluation Methods
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Eaton, Warren O.; McKeen, Nancy A.; Campbell, Darren W. – Developmental Review, 2001
Twelve studies examined implications of age-related changes in movement between 6 weeks and 52 years for various psychological domains. Findings indicate an inverted U-shaped pattern in limb movements per hour that peaked in middle childhood, later than expected. This pattern in motor activity has relevance for development, and for ADHD,…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adults, Age Differences, Arousal Patterns
Williamson, G. Gordon; Anzalone, Marie E. – 2001
Some children require a great deal of assistance to overcome difficulties in taking in and responding to information from their senses, and to achieve the levels of self-regulation they need to interact with and explore the world around them. This monograph, targeted to a wide array of disciplines from the medical, therapeutic, educational, mental…
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Arousal Patterns, Attention Control, Behavior Patterns
Barringer, M. D.; And Others – 1982
A resource and activity guide for the developmentally disabled that focuses on functional and constructive play is presented. Some basic ideas for fostering dramatic play among the severely developmentally disabled are also introduced. In following a developmental approach, this guide identifies goals and objectives, and explains the relevance of…
Descriptors: Adults, Arousal Patterns, Children, Developmental Disabilities
Derrick, Sara M.; Hock, Ellen – 1978
This study compared infants born to narcotic addicted mothers with infants born to nonaddicted mothers and described the potential of an intervention program. Infants of five addicted women were matched with infants of five nonaddicted women on the basis of age and socioeconomic class of the mothers and on the basis of gestational ages, birth…
Descriptors: Arousal Patterns, Attention, Child Development, Comparative Analysis
Richman, Charles L.; And Others – 1979
This demonstration study examines the affective reactions of infants when they imitate or fail to imitate play behavior modeled by an adult. Subjects were twenty-four 18-month-old and twenty-four 24-month-old male and female infants. Each infant visited the laboratory twice with an inter-session interval of 48 hours. At each session, the infant…
Descriptors: Affective Behavior, Age Differences, Arousal Patterns, Behavior Development
Hoffman, Martin L. – 1979
A developmental model for an empathy-based prosocial motive is presented. The framework of the model is presented in terms of three components of empathy. The first component, empathic affective arousal, is discussed and six involuntary psychological mechanisms which underlie it are described briefly. These mechanisms, in the order in which they…
Descriptors: Affective Behavior, Altruism, Arousal Patterns, Association (Psychology)
Field, Tiffany Martini – 1978
This paper presents a study of the looking and looking away or gaze alternation behavior of both full term and preterm infants in the presence of varying degrees of facial animation. The faces used in the study included, in increasing order of animation, a Raggedy Ann doll's face, a moving and talking doll's face, a mother's less animated face…
Descriptors: Arousal Patterns, Attention, Heart Rate, Infant Behavior
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Schmidt, Katalin; Birns, Beverly – Child Development, 1971
Descriptors: Arousal Patterns, Individual Differences, Infant Behavior, Infants
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