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Ergas, Oren – Journal of Curriculum Studies, 2018
Curriculum discourse focuses understandably, on the formal and enacted curriculum; however, studies demonstrate that much of individuals' waking hours are spent in task-unrelated thinking and mind-wandering. No less, this pervasive phenomenon has been shown to affect us in many ways that can be linked to education. This paper examines this…
Descriptors: Attention Control, Hidden Curriculum, Higher Education, Metacognition
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Perrin, Jeffrey L. – Applied Environmental Education and Communication, 2011
The present research investigated effects of message framing (losses-framed or gains-framed), message modality (video with text or text-only) and emotional arousal on environmentally responsible behavioral intentions. The sample consisted of 161 college students. The present research did not find a significant difference in behavioral intentions…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Emotional Response, Intention, College Students
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Ciani, Keith D.; Easter, Matthew A.; Summers, Jessica J.; Posada, Maria L. – Contemporary Educational Psychology, 2009
According to Bandura's construal bias hypothesis, derived from social cognitive theory, persons with the same heightened state of autonomic arousal may experience either pleasant or deleterious emotions depending on the strength of perceived self-efficacy. The current study tested this hypothesis by proposing that college students' preexisting…
Descriptors: Research Universities, Self Efficacy, Interpersonal Relationship, Epistemology
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Porhola, Maili – Communication Education, 2002
Describes arousal styles during speaking on the basis of mean heart rates among a group of university students. Examines individual differences in heart rate responses during public speaking and accounts for these differences in terms of particular explanatory variables. Distinguishes four styles of speaking: the confrontation style; inflexible…
Descriptors: Arousal Patterns, Audience Awareness, Heart Rate, Higher Education
Mottet, Timothy P.; Beebe, Steven A. – 2000
The purpose of this study was to examine emotional contagion in the classroom. The theory of emotional contagion predicts that people automatically mimic and synchronize expressions, vocalizations, postures, and movements with others and consequently converge emotionally as a result of the activation and/or feedback from such mimicry (Hatfield,…
Descriptors: Arousal Patterns, Communication Research, Emotional Response, Higher Education
Dempsey, Richard H. – 1983
To test two competing paradigms of the arousal-learning relationship--(1) increases in subject arousal will lead to increased learning in all but extreme cases of excitation, and (2) high subject arousal yields poor immediate memory but high ultimate memory--92 college students were presented with a tape recorded message in varying classroom…
Descriptors: Arousal Patterns, Attention, Communication Research, Higher Education
Dempsey, Richard H.; Reinsch, N. L., Jr. – 1982
A study tested two hypotheses concerning credibility (an auditor's attitude toward a source) and arousal (attention level of an auditor): (1) the effect on learning of credibility will interact with the effect of the vigilance level of auditors, and (2) under conditions of low arousal, auditors will learn significantly more from a message if it is…
Descriptors: Arousal Patterns, Attention, Attention Control, Attitudes
Murphy, Shane M.; Woolfolk, Robert L. – 1984
Oxendine (1970) hypothesized that the arousal-performance relationship varies across tasks, such that gross motor activities will require high arousal for optimal performance while fine motor activities will be facilitated by low arousal, but adversely affected by high arousal. Although the effects of preparatory arousal on strength performance…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Arousal Patterns, Athletics, Behavior Modification
Ledford, Bruce R. – 1978
The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of rheostatically controlled visual subliminals on the affective interrelations of a learning task of subjects within a classroom setting. Four groups of students were used. Subjects were unknowingly exposed to a rheostatically projected subliminal message for 30 minutes during otherwise normal…
Descriptors: Affective Measures, Arousal Patterns, Attention, College Students
Watt, James H., Jr.; And Others – 1977
Ninety-five college students participated in an investigation of the arousal and observational learning effects produced by television viewing. The subjects were assigned to one of three experimental television viewing conditions: a serious dramatic presentation with high physical and verbal violence, a comedy with high verbal conflict but no…
Descriptors: Antisocial Behavior, Arousal Patterns, College Students, Higher Education
Kumar, V.K.; Farley, Frank H. – 1975
This study examined the effects on long-term retention of variations in intensity and of temporal parameters of arousal following a single learning trial in a paired-associate task. The subjects were 56 female university students. Intensity of arousal was manipulated by using two levels of white noise--75 decibels and 90 decibels sound pressure…
Descriptors: Arousal Patterns, Females, Higher Education, Learning Processes
Basler, Marilyn L.; And Others – 1974
This study predicts gymnastic performance, arousal, and anxiety measures from past performances. Pulse rate and the Palmar Sweat Index were utilized as indicants of arousal. Anxiety was assessed by means of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Eighteen members of the Ithaca College women's varsity gymnastic team were tested throughout the 1973-74…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Arousal Patterns, Gymnastics, Higher Education
Steinfatt, Thomas M.; Roberts, Charles V., III – Southern Speech Communication Journal, 1983
Tested 54 college students who were rating videotaped speakers on trustworthiness and their tympanic temperature. Concluded that credibility operationalized as trustworthiness is related to physiological arousal, as measured by tympanic temperature. (PD)
Descriptors: Arousal Patterns, College Students, Communication Research, Credibility
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Calhoun, James F.; And Others – Social Behavior and Personality, 1982
Evaluated the role of depression, internal/external attributions, and sex differences in negative arousal in problematic social situations. Using depressed and nondepressed students' ratings of causality and reported arousal, found those who attributed causality to internal factors experienced more negative arousal, and females experienced more…
Descriptors: Arousal Patterns, Attribution Theory, College Students, Depression (Psychology)
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Boyle, G. J. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 1983
An extremely unpleasant film was shown to one group of students, while another group served as controls. Results suggest that, under conditions of stressful emotional arousal, learning outcomes are influenced predominantly by the combined effects of personality traits, motivational dynamics, and emotional states, which outweigh the influence of…
Descriptors: Adults, Arousal Patterns, Emotional Response, Higher Education
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