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Zantinge, Gemma; van Rijn, Sophie; Stockmann, Lex; Swaab, Hanna – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
This study aimed to measure emotional expression and physiological arousal in response to fear in 21 children with autism spectrum disorders (43-75 months) and 45 typically developing children (41-81 months). Expressions of facial and bodily fear and heart rate arousal were simultaneously measured in response to a remote controlled robot…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Correlation, Young Children
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Gaigg, Sebastian B.; Cornell, Anna S. F.; Bird, Geoffrey – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Accumulating evidence indicates that co-occurring alexithymia underlies several facets of the social-emotional difficulties common in individuals with autism spectrum disorder. The mechanisms involved, however, remain poorly understood because measuring alexithymia relies heavily on self-report. To address this issue, carefully matched groups of…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Correlation, Emotional Response
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Trimmer, Emily; McDonald, Skye; Rushby, Jacqueline Ann – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
While there is a general consensus in the literature that individuals with autism spectrum disorder have difficulty with cognitive empathy, much less is known about emotional empathy processing in these individuals. Most research has employed subjective self-report measures, which can often be misinterpreted or under-reported/over-reported. More…
Descriptors: Empathy, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Emotional Response
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Jones, Catherine R. G.; Lambrechts, Anna; Gaigg, Sebastian B. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Establishing whether implicit responses to emotional cues are intact in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is fundamental to ascertaining why their emotional understanding is compromised. We used a temporal bisection task to assess for responsiveness to face and wildlife images that varied in emotional salience. There were no significant differences…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Emotional Response, Time
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Zantinge, Gemma; van Rijn, Sophie; Stockmann, Lex; Swaab, Hanna – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
This study aimed to assess physiological arousal and behavioral regulation of emotion in the context of frustration in 29 children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and 45 typically developing children (41-81 months). Heart rate was continuously measured and emotion strategies were coded, during a locked-box task. Results revealed increases in…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Psychological Patterns, Emotional Response
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South, Mikle; Taylor, Katherine M.; Newton, Tiffani; Christensen, Megan; Jamison, Nathan K.; Chamberlain, Paul; Johnston, Oliver; Crowley, Michael J.; Higley, J. Dee – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
We measured skin conductance response (SCR) to escalating levels of a direct social threat from a novel, ecologically-relevant experimental paradigm, the Intruder Threat Task. We simultaneously evaluated the contribution of social symptom severity and behavioral movement. Children with AS group showed less psychophysiological reactivity to social…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Arousal Patterns
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Guy, Lisa; Souders, Margaret; Bradstreet, Lauren; DeLussey, Christine; Herrington, John D. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Emotion regulation (ER) may be an important transdiagnostic factor for understanding mental and behavioral health given its association with several psychiatric disorders, including autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, there is limited research on ER in ASD, particularly using biomarkers such as respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). The aim of…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Self Control, Mental Disorders, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Tseng, Angela; Bansal, Ravi; Liu, Jun; Gerber, Andrew J.; Goh, Suzanne; Posner, Jonathan; Colibazzi, Tiziano; Algermissen, Molly; Chiang, I-Chin; Russell, James A.; Peterson, Bradley S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
The Affective Circumplex Model holds that emotions can be described as linear combinations of two underlying, independent neurophysiological systems (arousal, valence). Given research suggesting individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have difficulty processing emotions, we used the circumplex model to compare how individuals with ASD and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Emotional Response, Nonverbal Communication
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Geurts, Hilde M.; Begeer, Sander; Stockmann, Lex – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2009
The current study explored whether inhibitory control deficits in high functioning autism (HFA) emerged when socially relevant stimuli were used and whether arousal level affected the performance. A Go/NoGo paradigm, with socially relevant stimuli and varying presentation rates, was applied in 18 children with HFA (including children with autism…
Descriptors: Responses, Stimuli, Arousal Patterns, Autism
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Corden, Ben; Chilvers, Rebecca; Skuse, David – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2008
Using an attentional blink paradigm, we show that the typical enhancement of perception for emotionally arousing events is significantly reduced in Asperger's syndrome (AS) at short inter-target intervals. Control experiments demonstrate that this finding cannot be attributed to differences in the perceived arousal of the stimuli, or to a global…
Descriptors: Intervals, Autism, Asperger Syndrome, Visual Perception
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Bolte, Sven; Feineis-Matthews, Sabine; Poustka, Fritz – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2008
This study examined physiological response and affective report in 10 adult individuals with autism and 10 typically developing controls. An emotion induction paradigm using stimuli from the International Affective Picture System was applied. Blood pressure, heart and self-ratings of experienced valence (pleasure), arousal and dominance (control)…
Descriptors: Visual Stimuli, Autism, Emotional Response, Cognitive Processes
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Goodwin, Matthew S.; Groden, June; Velicer, Wayne F.; Lipsitt, Lewis P.; Baron, M. Grace; Hofmann, Stefan G.; Groden, Gerald – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2006
Despite the hypothesized link between arousal and behavior in persons with autism, there is a lack of idiographic research that directly assesses arousal responses to novel stimuli or social situations in this population. The current study used heart rate as a measure of sympathetic activity to compare arousal responses to the presentation of…
Descriptors: Behavior, Autism, Correlation, Arousal Patterns