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Gaigg, Sebastian B.; Cornell, Anna S. F.; Bird, Geoffrey – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Accumulating evidence indicates that co-occurring alexithymia underlies several facets of the social-emotional difficulties common in individuals with autism spectrum disorder. The mechanisms involved, however, remain poorly understood because measuring alexithymia relies heavily on self-report. To address this issue, carefully matched groups of…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Correlation, Emotional Response
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Keith, Jessica M.; Jamieson, Jeremy P.; Bennetto, Loisa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study examined the impact of noise on cognitive performance in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), while concurrently measuring sympathetic responses. Adolescents with and without ASD completed visually presented span tasks in a 2 × 2 experimental manipulation of noise (quiet vs. 75 dB gated broadband noise) and task difficulty (easier vs.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adolescents, Acoustics
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Trimmer, Emily; McDonald, Skye; Rushby, Jacqueline Ann – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
While there is a general consensus in the literature that individuals with autism spectrum disorder have difficulty with cognitive empathy, much less is known about emotional empathy processing in these individuals. Most research has employed subjective self-report measures, which can often be misinterpreted or under-reported/over-reported. More…
Descriptors: Empathy, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Emotional Response
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Prince, Emily Barbara; Kim, Elizabeth S.; Wall, Carla Anne; Gisin, Eugenia; Goodwin, Matthew S.; Simmons, Elizabeth Schoen; Chawarska, Kaisa; Shic, Frederick – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Electrodermal activity was examined as a measure of physiological arousal within a naturalistic play context in 2-year-old toddlers (N = 27) with and without autism spectrum disorder. Toddlers with autism spectrum disorder were found to have greater increases in skin conductance level than their typical peers in response to administered play…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Arousal Patterns
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Jones, Catherine R. G.; Lambrechts, Anna; Gaigg, Sebastian B. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Establishing whether implicit responses to emotional cues are intact in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is fundamental to ascertaining why their emotional understanding is compromised. We used a temporal bisection task to assess for responsiveness to face and wildlife images that varied in emotional salience. There were no significant differences…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Emotional Response, Time
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Losinski, Mickey; Cook, Katie; Hirsch, Shanna; Sanders, Sara – Behavioral Disorders, 2017
In the past decade, the number of children diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has steadily increased. A common characteristic of ASD is the presence of stereotypical behaviors (e.g., hand flapping, echolalia), which some have suggested may be associated with heightened arousal and/or anxiety. The purpose of this study is to compare…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Behavior Problems, Therapy
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Trimmer, Emily; McDonald, Skye; Kelly, Michelle; Rushby, Jacqueline Ann – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Whilst some form of ostracism is experienced by most people at some point in their lives, it is experienced far more often in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Little is known about how this social exclusion is interpreted, experienced or managed. This study aimed to explore the psychological (mood and social needs) as well as the…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Psychological Patterns, Arousal Patterns
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Zantinge, Gemma; van Rijn, Sophie; Stockmann, Lex; Swaab, Hanna – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
This study aimed to assess physiological arousal and behavioral regulation of emotion in the context of frustration in 29 children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and 45 typically developing children (41-81 months). Heart rate was continuously measured and emotion strategies were coded, during a locked-box task. Results revealed increases in…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Psychological Patterns, Emotional Response
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South, Mikle; Taylor, Katherine M.; Newton, Tiffani; Christensen, Megan; Jamison, Nathan K.; Chamberlain, Paul; Johnston, Oliver; Crowley, Michael J.; Higley, J. Dee – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
We measured skin conductance response (SCR) to escalating levels of a direct social threat from a novel, ecologically-relevant experimental paradigm, the Intruder Threat Task. We simultaneously evaluated the contribution of social symptom severity and behavioral movement. Children with AS group showed less psychophysiological reactivity to social…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Arousal Patterns
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Kaartinen, Miia; Puura, Kaija; Himanen, Sari-Leena; Nevalainen, Jaakko; Hietanen, Jari K. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Sustained autonomic arousal during eye contact could cause the impairments in eye contact behavior commonly seen in autism. The aim of the present study was to re-analyze the data from a study by Kaartinen et al. ("J Autism Develop Disord 42"(9):1917-1927, 2012) to investigate the habituation of autonomic arousal responses to repeated…
Descriptors: Arousal Patterns, Habituation, Children, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Guy, Lisa; Souders, Margaret; Bradstreet, Lauren; DeLussey, Christine; Herrington, John D. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Emotion regulation (ER) may be an important transdiagnostic factor for understanding mental and behavioral health given its association with several psychiatric disorders, including autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, there is limited research on ER in ASD, particularly using biomarkers such as respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). The aim of…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Self Control, Mental Disorders, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Tseng, Angela; Bansal, Ravi; Liu, Jun; Gerber, Andrew J.; Goh, Suzanne; Posner, Jonathan; Colibazzi, Tiziano; Algermissen, Molly; Chiang, I-Chin; Russell, James A.; Peterson, Bradley S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
The Affective Circumplex Model holds that emotions can be described as linear combinations of two underlying, independent neurophysiological systems (arousal, valence). Given research suggesting individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have difficulty processing emotions, we used the circumplex model to compare how individuals with ASD and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Emotional Response, Nonverbal Communication
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Nuske, Heather J.; Vivanti, Giacomo; Dissanayake, Cheryl – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Although the conception of autism as a disorder of abnormal resting-state physiology has a long history, the evidence remains mixed. Using state-of-the-art eye-tracking pupillometry, resting-state (tonic) pupil size was measured in children with and without autism. No group differences in tonic pupil size were found, and tonic pupil size was not…
Descriptors: Physiology, Autism, Eye Movements, Children
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Corbett, Blythe A.; Swain, Deanna M.; Newsom, Cassandra; Wang, Lily; Song, Yanna; Edgerton, Dale – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2014
Background: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are impaired in social communication and interaction with peers, which may reflect diminished social motivation. Many children with ASD show enhanced stress when playing with other children. This study investigated social and stress profiles of children with ASD during play. Methods: We…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Play
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Klusek, Jessica; Martin, Gary E.; Losh, Molly – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2013
This study tested the hypothesis that pragmatic (i.e., social) language impairment is linked to arousal dysregulation in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and fragile X syndrome (FXS). Forty boys with ASD, 39 with FXS, and 27 with typical development (TD), aged 4-15 years, participated. Boys with FXS were hyperaroused compared to boys with TD but did…
Descriptors: Physiology, Genetic Disorders, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism
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