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Wass, Sam V.; de Barbaro, Kaya; Clackson, Kaili; Leong, Victoria – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Previous research is inconsistent as to whether a more labile (faster-changing) autonomic system confers performance advantages, or disadvantages, in infants and children. To examine this, we presented a stimulus battery consisting of mixed static and dynamic viewing materials to a cohort of 63 typical 12-month-old infants. While viewing the…
Descriptors: Infants, Attention, Anxiety, Attention Span
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Nelson, James Byron; Fabiano, Andrew M.; Lamoureux, Jeffrey A. – Learning & Memory, 2018
Two experiments assessed the effects of extinguishing a conditioned cue on subsequent context conditioning. Each experiment used a different video-game method where sensors predicted attacking spaceships and participants responded to the sensor in a way that prepared them for the upcoming attack. In Experiment 1 extinction of a cue which signaled…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Arousal Patterns, Attention, Context Effect
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Staus, Nancy L.; Falk, John H. – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2017
Although there is substantial research on the effect of emotions on educational outcomes in the classroom, relatively little is known about how emotion affects learning in informal science contexts. We examined the role of emotion in the context of an informal science learning experience by utilizing a path model to investigate the relationships…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Science Instruction, Informal Education, Path Analysis
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Tidikis, Viktoria; Ash, Ivan K.; Collier, Ann Futterman – Creativity Research Journal, 2017
Within the literature, there are two opposing views regarding the influencing role of emotions on the creative process. The most commonly held view contends that positive emotions enhance creativity and negative emotions stifle it; yet, some studies show an opposite trend. These contradictory findings can be explained by examining two aspects of…
Descriptors: Interaction, Psychological Patterns, Creativity, Arousal Patterns
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Stagg, Steven D.; Davis, Robert; Heaton, Pamela – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
Attention to social stimuli is associated with language development, and arousal is associated with the increased viewing of stimuli. We investigated whether skin conductance responses (SCRs) are associated with language development in autism spectrum disorder (ASD): a population that shows abnormalities in both attention to others and language…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Language Acquisition
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Rosegard, Erik; Wilson, Jackson – Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 2013
College students ("n" = 846) enrolled in a general education course were randomly assigned to either an arousal (experimental) or no-arousal (control) group. The experimental group was exposed to a topic-relevant, 90-second external stimulus (a technique used to elevate arousal and focus attention). The control group listened to the…
Descriptors: Experimental Groups, Control Groups, College Students, Lecture Method
Staus, Nancy L. – ProQuest LLC, 2012
Although many science educators and researchers believe that emotion is an important part of the learning process, few researchers have dealt with the topic in a systematic fashion. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of emotion in the learning process, particularly in the learning of science content. My study utilized a dimensional…
Descriptors: Science Education, Science Process Skills, Psychological Patterns, Cognitive Processes
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Stevenson, Hugh; Russell, Paul N.; Helton, William S. – Brain and Cognition, 2011
In the present experiment, we used search asymmetry to test whether the sustained attention to response task is a better measure of response inhibition or sustained attention. Participants performed feature present and feature absent target detection tasks using either a sustained attention to response task (SART; high Go low No-Go) or a…
Descriptors: Responses, Inhibition, Attention, Arousal Patterns
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Friedman, Ronald S.; Forster, Jens – Psychological Bulletin, 2011
In an integrative review, we concluded that implicit affective cues--rudimentary stimuli associated with the onset of arousing positive or negative emotional states and/or with appraisals that the environment is benign or threatening--automatically moderate the scope of attention (Friedman & Forster, 2010). In their comment, Harmon-Jones, Gable,…
Descriptors: Cues, Motivation, Stimuli, Attention
Farnsworth, Donald M., Jr. – ProQuest LLC, 2009
While research continues to link increased math anxiety with reduced working memory, the exact nature of the relationship remains elusive. In addition, research regarding the extent of the impact math anxiety has on working memory is contradictory. This research clarifies the directional nature of math anxiety as it pertains to working memory, and…
Descriptors: Personality Measures, Short Term Memory, Mathematics Anxiety, Arousal Patterns
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Yazdkhasti, Fariba; Harizuka, Susumu – School Psychology International, 2006
In order to examine the effects of children's temperament and its interaction with children's perceptions of their mother's acceptance and rejection in relation to self-reported anxiety and teacher-reported school behaviour problems, 160 children, aged 8 to 11 years, were evaluated by teachers, mothers and themselves. Findings showed that…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Rejection (Psychology), Mothers, Anxiety
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Liss, Miriam; Saulnier, Celine; Fein, Deborah; Kinsbourne, Marcel – Autism: The International Journal of Research & Practice, 2006
Individuals with autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs) often experience, describe and exhibit unusual patterns of sensation and attention. These anomalies have been hypothesized to result from overarousal and consequent overfocused attention. Parents of individuals with ASD rated items in three domains, "sensory overreactivity",…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Memory, Behavior Rating Scales, Multivariate Analysis
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Eaves, Ronald C.; Darch, Craig; Williams, Thomas O., Jr. – Journal of Genetic Psychology, 2004
The authors investigated the effects of attention to novelty, fear-anxiety, and age on 3 measures of conduct problems. They found several main and interaction effects. The results indicated the presence of the hypothesized 3-way interaction for 2 dependent measures (i.e., conduct problem, socialized aggression); the 3rd dependent measure (i.e.,…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Interaction, Fear, Anxiety
Gear, Jane – 1987
A new interactive model of attention, perception, memory, and arousal is introduced; and its use in assessing characteristics of the perceptual process is demonstrated. The principal concern is not the presentation of new data; rather it is placement of existing psychological data within a new context. Topics discussed include: attention as an…
Descriptors: Affective Behavior, Arousal Patterns, Attention, Cognitive Processes
Dempsey, Richard H. – 1983
To test two competing paradigms of the arousal-learning relationship--(1) increases in subject arousal will lead to increased learning in all but extreme cases of excitation, and (2) high subject arousal yields poor immediate memory but high ultimate memory--92 college students were presented with a tape recorded message in varying classroom…
Descriptors: Arousal Patterns, Attention, Communication Research, Higher Education
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