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Harley, Jason M.; Jarrell, Amanda; Lajoie, Susanne P. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Despite the importance of emotion regulation in education there is a paucity of research examining it in authentic educational contexts. Moreover, emotion measurement continues to be dominated by self-report measures. We address these gaps in the literature by measuring emotion regulation and activation in 37 medical students' who were solving…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Self Control, Medical Students, Arousal Patterns
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Wass, Sam V.; de Barbaro, Kaya; Clackson, Kaili; Leong, Victoria – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Previous research is inconsistent as to whether a more labile (faster-changing) autonomic system confers performance advantages, or disadvantages, in infants and children. To examine this, we presented a stimulus battery consisting of mixed static and dynamic viewing materials to a cohort of 63 typical 12-month-old infants. While viewing the…
Descriptors: Infants, Attention, Anxiety, Attention Span
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Bailey, Andrew W.; Johann, Josh; Kang, Hyoung-Kil – Journal of Experiential Education, 2017
Outdoor adventure activities have been used to facilitate a variety of positive outcomes. However, the practical challenge of collecting data in the field and a heavy reliance on self-report data render it difficult to understand the process of the experience. This study examined the association between self-reported valence and arousal and…
Descriptors: Measurement Techniques, Recreational Activities, Adventure Education, Correlation
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Foley, Gilbert M. – Topics in Language Disorders, 2017
The nature of play and an overview of the stages of play in the first 5 years of childhood are discussed. The core features of sensorimotor, functional, and symbolic play are identified. Vignettes describing how play serves a regulatory function punctuate each section. A conceptual framework for the construct of regulation is presented and…
Descriptors: Play, Young Children, Vignettes, Emotional Response
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Patel, Nilam; Stoodley, Catherine; Pine, Daniel S.; Grillon, Christian; Ernst, Monique – Learning & Memory, 2017
This study examines the influence of trait anxiety on working memory (WM) in safety and threat. Interactions between experimentally induced anxiety and WM performance (on different cognitive loads) have been reported in healthy, nonanxious subjects. Differences in trait anxiety may moderate these interactions. Accordingly, these interactions may…
Descriptors: Interaction, Anxiety, Short Term Memory, Likert Scales
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Guy, Lisa; Souders, Margaret; Bradstreet, Lauren; DeLussey, Christine; Herrington, John D. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Emotion regulation (ER) may be an important transdiagnostic factor for understanding mental and behavioral health given its association with several psychiatric disorders, including autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, there is limited research on ER in ASD, particularly using biomarkers such as respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). The aim of…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Self Control, Mental Disorders, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Corbett, Blythe A.; Swain, Deanna M.; Newsom, Cassandra; Wang, Lily; Song, Yanna; Edgerton, Dale – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2014
Background: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are impaired in social communication and interaction with peers, which may reflect diminished social motivation. Many children with ASD show enhanced stress when playing with other children. This study investigated social and stress profiles of children with ASD during play. Methods: We…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Play
House, Deanna – ProQuest LLC, 2013
Phishing attacks have threatened the security of both home users and organizations in recent years. Individuals of varying levels of computer proficiency are potential targets for a phishing attack; all that is needed is an email address and Internet access. Phishing uses social engineering to fraudulently obtain information that is confidential…
Descriptors: Fear, Computer Security, Information Security, Crime
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Tonnsen, Bridgette L.; Shinkareva, Svetlana V.; Deal, Sara C.; Hatton, Deborah D.; Roberts, Jane E. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2013
Anxiety is among the most impairing conditions associated with Fragile X syndrome (FXS) and is putatively linked to atypical physiological arousal. However, few studies have examined this association in young children with FXS. The authors examined whether patterns of arousal and behavior during an experimental stranger approach paradigm differ…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Genetic Disorders, Physiology, Arousal Patterns
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Hallett, Victoria; Lecavalier, Luc; Sukhodolsky, Denis G.; Cipriano, Noreen; Aman, Michael G.; McCracken, James T.; McDougle, Christopher J.; Tierney, Elaine; King, Bryan H.; Hollander, Eric; Sikich, Linmarie; Bregman, Joel; Anagnostou, Evdokia; Donnelly, Craig; Katsovich, Lily; Dukes, Kimberly; Vitiello, Benedetto; Gadow, Kenneth; Scahill, Lawrence – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
This study explores the manifestation and measurement of anxiety symptoms in 415 children with ASDs on a 20-item, parent-rated, DSM-IV referenced anxiety scale. In both high and low-functioning children (IQ above vs. below 70), commonly endorsed items assessed restlessness, tension and sleep difficulties. Items requiring verbal expression of worry…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Children, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Presland, A. D.; Clare, I. C. H.; Broughton, S.; Luke, L.; Wheeler, E.; Fairchild, G.; Watson, P. C.; Chan, W. Y. S.; Kearns, A.; Ring, H. A. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2013
Background: Cortisol is a marker of physiological arousal, exhibiting a characteristic pattern of diurnal activity. The daily cortisol profile has been examined extensively and is atypical in a number of clinical disorders. However, there are very few studies focussing on the cortisol profile in adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). This…
Descriptors: Brain, Metabolism, Adults, Moderate Mental Retardation
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Choi, Dahye; Conture, Edward G.; Walden, Tedra A.; Jones, Robin M.; Kim, Hanjoe – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2016
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine (a) whether emotional reactivity and emotional stress of children who stutter (CWS) are associated with their stuttering frequency, (b) when the relationship between emotional reactivity and stuttering frequency is more likely to exist, and (c) how these associations are mediated by a 3rd…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Emotional Response, Anxiety, Incidence
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Inzlicht, Michael; Al-Khindi, Timour – Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2012
Performance monitoring in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) has largely been viewed as a cognitive, computational process devoid of emotion. A growing body of research, however, suggests that performance is moderated by motivational engagement and that a signal generated by the ACC, the error-related negativity (ERN), may partially reflect a…
Descriptors: Cues, Arousal Patterns, Motivation, Correlation
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Szalma, James L.; Hancock, Peter A. – Psychological Bulletin, 2011
Noise is a pervasive and influential source of stress. Whether through the acute effects of impulse noise or the chronic influence of prolonged exposure, the challenge of noise confronts many who must accomplish vital performance duties in its presence. Although noise has diffuse effects, which are shared in common with many other chronic forms of…
Descriptors: Acoustics, Context Effect, Responses, Auditory Perception
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Bacow, Terri Landon; May, Jill Ehrenreich; Choate-Summers, Molly; Pincus, Donna B.; Mattis, Sara G. – Child & Family Behavior Therapy, 2010
This study examined the concordance (or synchrony/desynchrony) between adolescents' self-reports of anxiety and physiological measures of arousal (heart rate) both prior to and after treatment for panic disorder. Results indicated a decline in reported subjective units of distress (SUDS) for the treatment group only at the post-treatment…
Descriptors: Metabolism, Anxiety, Arousal Patterns, Fear
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