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Keith, Jessica M.; Jamieson, Jeremy P.; Bennetto, Loisa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study examined the impact of noise on cognitive performance in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), while concurrently measuring sympathetic responses. Adolescents with and without ASD completed visually presented span tasks in a 2 × 2 experimental manipulation of noise (quiet vs. 75 dB gated broadband noise) and task difficulty (easier vs.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adolescents, Acoustics
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Jones, Catherine R. G.; Lambrechts, Anna; Gaigg, Sebastian B. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Establishing whether implicit responses to emotional cues are intact in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is fundamental to ascertaining why their emotional understanding is compromised. We used a temporal bisection task to assess for responsiveness to face and wildlife images that varied in emotional salience. There were no significant differences…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Emotional Response, Time
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Trimmer, Emily; McDonald, Skye; Kelly, Michelle; Rushby, Jacqueline Ann – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Whilst some form of ostracism is experienced by most people at some point in their lives, it is experienced far more often in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Little is known about how this social exclusion is interpreted, experienced or managed. This study aimed to explore the psychological (mood and social needs) as well as the…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Psychological Patterns, Arousal Patterns
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Zantinge, Gemma; van Rijn, Sophie; Stockmann, Lex; Swaab, Hanna – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
This study aimed to assess physiological arousal and behavioral regulation of emotion in the context of frustration in 29 children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and 45 typically developing children (41-81 months). Heart rate was continuously measured and emotion strategies were coded, during a locked-box task. Results revealed increases in…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Psychological Patterns, Emotional Response
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South, Mikle; Taylor, Katherine M.; Newton, Tiffani; Christensen, Megan; Jamison, Nathan K.; Chamberlain, Paul; Johnston, Oliver; Crowley, Michael J.; Higley, J. Dee – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
We measured skin conductance response (SCR) to escalating levels of a direct social threat from a novel, ecologically-relevant experimental paradigm, the Intruder Threat Task. We simultaneously evaluated the contribution of social symptom severity and behavioral movement. Children with AS group showed less psychophysiological reactivity to social…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Arousal Patterns
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Kaartinen, Miia; Puura, Kaija; Himanen, Sari-Leena; Nevalainen, Jaakko; Hietanen, Jari K. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Sustained autonomic arousal during eye contact could cause the impairments in eye contact behavior commonly seen in autism. The aim of the present study was to re-analyze the data from a study by Kaartinen et al. ("J Autism Develop Disord 42"(9):1917-1927, 2012) to investigate the habituation of autonomic arousal responses to repeated…
Descriptors: Arousal Patterns, Habituation, Children, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Guy, Lisa; Souders, Margaret; Bradstreet, Lauren; DeLussey, Christine; Herrington, John D. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Emotion regulation (ER) may be an important transdiagnostic factor for understanding mental and behavioral health given its association with several psychiatric disorders, including autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, there is limited research on ER in ASD, particularly using biomarkers such as respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). The aim of…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Self Control, Mental Disorders, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Tseng, Angela; Bansal, Ravi; Liu, Jun; Gerber, Andrew J.; Goh, Suzanne; Posner, Jonathan; Colibazzi, Tiziano; Algermissen, Molly; Chiang, I-Chin; Russell, James A.; Peterson, Bradley S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
The Affective Circumplex Model holds that emotions can be described as linear combinations of two underlying, independent neurophysiological systems (arousal, valence). Given research suggesting individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have difficulty processing emotions, we used the circumplex model to compare how individuals with ASD and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Emotional Response, Nonverbal Communication
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Nuske, Heather J.; Vivanti, Giacomo; Dissanayake, Cheryl – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Although the conception of autism as a disorder of abnormal resting-state physiology has a long history, the evidence remains mixed. Using state-of-the-art eye-tracking pupillometry, resting-state (tonic) pupil size was measured in children with and without autism. No group differences in tonic pupil size were found, and tonic pupil size was not…
Descriptors: Physiology, Autism, Eye Movements, Children
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Stagg, Steven D.; Davis, Robert; Heaton, Pamela – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
Attention to social stimuli is associated with language development, and arousal is associated with the increased viewing of stimuli. We investigated whether skin conductance responses (SCRs) are associated with language development in autism spectrum disorder (ASD): a population that shows abnormalities in both attention to others and language…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Language Acquisition
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Hallett, Victoria; Lecavalier, Luc; Sukhodolsky, Denis G.; Cipriano, Noreen; Aman, Michael G.; McCracken, James T.; McDougle, Christopher J.; Tierney, Elaine; King, Bryan H.; Hollander, Eric; Sikich, Linmarie; Bregman, Joel; Anagnostou, Evdokia; Donnelly, Craig; Katsovich, Lily; Dukes, Kimberly; Vitiello, Benedetto; Gadow, Kenneth; Scahill, Lawrence – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
This study explores the manifestation and measurement of anxiety symptoms in 415 children with ASDs on a 20-item, parent-rated, DSM-IV referenced anxiety scale. In both high and low-functioning children (IQ above vs. below 70), commonly endorsed items assessed restlessness, tension and sleep difficulties. Items requiring verbal expression of worry…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Children, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Kaartinen, Miia; Puura, Kaija; Makela, Tiina; Rannisto, Mervi; Lemponen, Riina; Helminen, Mika; Salmelin, Raili; Himanen, Sari-Leena; Hietanen, Jari K. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
The present study investigated whether autonomic arousal to direct gaze is related to social impairments among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Arousal was measured through skin conductance responses (SCR) while the participants (15 children with ASD and 16 control children) viewed a live face of another person. Impairments in social…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Nonverbal Communication, Autism, Communication Skills
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Watson, Linda R.; Roberts, Jane E.; Baranek, Grace T.; Mandulak, Kerry C.; Dalton, Jennifer C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
Young boys with autism were compared to typically developing boys on responses to nonsocial and child-directed speech (CDS) stimuli. Behavioral (looking) and physiological (heart rate and respiratory sinus arrhythmia) measures were collected. Boys with autism looked equally as much as chronological age-matched peers at nonsocial stimuli, but less…
Descriptors: Metabolism, Stimuli, Arousal Patterns, Autism
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Hodgetts, Sandra; Magill-Evans, Joyce; Misiaszek, John E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2011
The homeostatic theory of stereotyped behaviors assumes that these behaviors modulate arousal. Weighted vests are used to decrease stereotyped behaviors in persons with autism because the input they provide is thought to serve the same homeostatic function. This small-n, randomized and blinded study measured the effects of wearing a weighted vest…
Descriptors: Metabolism, Autism, Children, Intervention
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Geurts, Hilde M.; Begeer, Sander; Stockmann, Lex – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2009
The current study explored whether inhibitory control deficits in high functioning autism (HFA) emerged when socially relevant stimuli were used and whether arousal level affected the performance. A Go/NoGo paradigm, with socially relevant stimuli and varying presentation rates, was applied in 18 children with HFA (including children with autism…
Descriptors: Responses, Stimuli, Arousal Patterns, Autism
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