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Hoogerheide, Vincent; Renkl, Alexander; Fiorella, Logan; Paas, Fred; van Gog, Tamara – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Recent findings show that after studying a text, teaching the learned content on video to a fictitious peer student improves learning more than restudying the content. This benefit may be in part due to increased arousal associated with the teaching activity. The present experiment investigated whether teaching on video is also effective for…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Problem Solving, Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level
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Harley, Jason M.; Jarrell, Amanda; Lajoie, Susanne P. – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Despite the importance of emotion regulation in education there is a paucity of research examining it in authentic educational contexts. Moreover, emotion measurement continues to be dominated by self-report measures. We address these gaps in the literature by measuring emotion regulation and activation in 37 medical students' who were solving…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Self Control, Medical Students, Arousal Patterns
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Zantinge, Gemma; van Rijn, Sophie; Stockmann, Lex; Swaab, Hanna – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
This study aimed to measure emotional expression and physiological arousal in response to fear in 21 children with autism spectrum disorders (43-75 months) and 45 typically developing children (41-81 months). Expressions of facial and bodily fear and heart rate arousal were simultaneously measured in response to a remote controlled robot…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Correlation, Young Children
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Busuito, Alex; Quigley, Kelsey M.; Moore, Ginger A.; Voegtline, Kristin M.; DiPietro, Janet A. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Infant-mother behavioral synchrony is thought to scaffold the development of self-regulation in the first years of life. During this time, infants' and mothers' physiological regulation may contribute to dyadic synchrony and, in infants, dyadic synchrony may support infants' physiological regulation. Because the sympathetic nervous system (SNS)…
Descriptors: Correlation, Infants, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship
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Kuiper, Marieke W. M.; Verhoeven, Elisabeth W. M.; Geurts, Hilde M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Auditory sensitivities are common among people with autism spectrum disorder diagnoses (ASD). As underlying factors are unknown, we examined whether ASD adults (N[subscript ASD] = 33; N[subscript Typically Developing] = 31; 25-45 years; IQ > 70): (1) habituated slower to auditory stimuli; (2) had lower auditory detection thresholds; and (3)…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Auditory Stimuli
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Inagaki, Kazuki; Shimizu, Takeshi; Sakairi, Yosuke – Educational Psychology, 2018
This experiment aimed to investigate the effects of seated posture regulation on children's psychological and physiological state and test performance. Thirty-eight boys (mean age: 12.3 ± 0.53 years) participated in both upright and normal posture conditions in a within-participants design. Participants completed a two-dimensional mood scale to…
Descriptors: Human Posture, Psychological Patterns, Metabolism, Mathematics Tests
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Wass, Sam V.; de Barbaro, Kaya; Clackson, Kaili; Leong, Victoria – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Previous research is inconsistent as to whether a more labile (faster-changing) autonomic system confers performance advantages, or disadvantages, in infants and children. To examine this, we presented a stimulus battery consisting of mixed static and dynamic viewing materials to a cohort of 63 typical 12-month-old infants. While viewing the…
Descriptors: Infants, Attention, Anxiety, Attention Span
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Jankowiak, Katarzyna; Korpal, Pawel – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
Though previous research has shown a decreased sensitivity to emotionally-laden linguistic stimuli presented in the non-native (L2) compared to the native language (L1), studies conducted thus far have not examined how different modalities influence bilingual emotional language processing. The present experiment was therefore aimed at…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Bilingual Students, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language)
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Nelson, James Byron; Fabiano, Andrew M.; Lamoureux, Jeffrey A. – Learning & Memory, 2018
Two experiments assessed the effects of extinguishing a conditioned cue on subsequent context conditioning. Each experiment used a different video-game method where sensors predicted attacking spaceships and participants responded to the sensor in a way that prepared them for the upcoming attack. In Experiment 1 extinction of a cue which signaled…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Arousal Patterns, Attention, Context Effect
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Schümann, Dirk; Sommer, Tobias – Learning & Memory, 2018
Emotional arousal enhances memory encoding and consolidation leading to better immediate and delayed memory. Although the central noradrenergic system and the amygdala play critical roles in both effects of emotional arousal, we have recently shown that these effects are at least partly independent of each other, suggesting distinct underlying…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Emotional Response, Arousal Patterns, Memory
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Gaigg, Sebastian B.; Cornell, Anna S. F.; Bird, Geoffrey – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Accumulating evidence indicates that co-occurring alexithymia underlies several facets of the social-emotional difficulties common in individuals with autism spectrum disorder. The mechanisms involved, however, remain poorly understood because measuring alexithymia relies heavily on self-report. To address this issue, carefully matched groups of…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Correlation, Emotional Response
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Sinclair, Alyssa H.; Barense, Morgan D. – Learning & Memory, 2018
Through the process of "reconsolidation," reminders can temporarily destabilize memories and render them vulnerable to change. Recent rodent research has proposed that prediction error, or the element of surprise, is a key component of this process; yet, this hypothesis has never before been extended to complex episodic memories in…
Descriptors: Memory, Prediction, Error Patterns, Cues
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Bartley, Sarah R.; Ingram, Naomi – Mathematics Education Research Journal, 2018
This study explored the relationship between parents' mathematics self-efficacy and emotional arousal to mathematics and their 12- and 13-year-old children's mathematics self-efficacy and emotional arousal to mathematics. Parental modelling of affective relationships during homework was a focus. Eighty-four parent and child pairings from seven…
Descriptors: Parent Attitudes, Parent Influence, Self Efficacy, Mathematics Skills
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Keith, Jessica M.; Jamieson, Jeremy P.; Bennetto, Loisa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study examined the impact of noise on cognitive performance in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), while concurrently measuring sympathetic responses. Adolescents with and without ASD completed visually presented span tasks in a 2 × 2 experimental manipulation of noise (quiet vs. 75 dB gated broadband noise) and task difficulty (easier vs.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adolescents, Acoustics
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Trimmer, Emily; McDonald, Skye; Rushby, Jacqueline Ann – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
While there is a general consensus in the literature that individuals with autism spectrum disorder have difficulty with cognitive empathy, much less is known about emotional empathy processing in these individuals. Most research has employed subjective self-report measures, which can often be misinterpreted or under-reported/over-reported. More…
Descriptors: Empathy, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Emotional Response
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