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Sinclair, Alyssa H.; Barense, Morgan D. – Learning & Memory, 2018
Through the process of "reconsolidation," reminders can temporarily destabilize memories and render them vulnerable to change. Recent rodent research has proposed that prediction error, or the element of surprise, is a key component of this process; yet, this hypothesis has never before been extended to complex episodic memories in…
Descriptors: Memory, Prediction, Error Patterns, Cues
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Inzlicht, Michael; Al-Khindi, Timour – Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2012
Performance monitoring in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) has largely been viewed as a cognitive, computational process devoid of emotion. A growing body of research, however, suggests that performance is moderated by motivational engagement and that a signal generated by the ACC, the error-related negativity (ERN), may partially reflect a…
Descriptors: Cues, Arousal Patterns, Motivation, Correlation
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Taylor, Steven; Zvolensky, Michael J.; Cox, Brian J.; Deacon, Brett; Heimberg, Richard G.; Ledley, Deborah Roth; Abramowitz, Jonathan S.; Holaway, Robert M.; Sandin, Bonifacio; Stewart, Sherry H.; Coles, Meredith; Eng, Winnie; Daly, Erin S.; Arrindell, Willem A.; Bouvard, Martine; Cardenas, Samuel Jurado – Psychological Assessment, 2007
Accumulating evidence suggests that anxiety sensitivity (fear of arousal-related sensations) plays an important role in many clinical conditions, particularly anxiety disorders. Research has increasingly focused on how the basic dimensions of anxiety sensitivity are related to various forms of psychopathology. Such work has been hampered because…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Psychometrics, Psychopathology, Test Validity
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Barbaree, Howard E.; Marshall, William L. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1991
Examines men's sexual arousal to rape cues and its possible role in sexual assault. Presents six different models to account for men's sexual arousal to descriptions of rape. Divides models into response control models and stimulus control models. Suggests that different models may be operating in different men when they commit sexual assault.…
Descriptors: Arousal Patterns, Foreign Countries, Males, Models
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Fischer, Donald G.; Donatelli, Martin J. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1987
A 20-item Stress Adjective Checklist was administered to 565 Canadian undergraduate psychology students and factor analyzed. Both the three-factor and two-factor solutions were replicable and interpretable, but the two-factor solution (stress and arousal) was chosen. Suggestions for further research and refinement of the scales are made.…
Descriptors: Arousal Patterns, Construct Validity, Factor Analysis, Factor Structure
Dreistadt, Roy – J Psychol, 1970
Describes two educational programs designed to assist disadvantaged adults in personal development and social adjustment. (SB)
Descriptors: Arousal Patterns, Basic Skills, College Students, Color
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Morton, Larry L.; Kershner, John R. – Alberta Journal of Educational Research, 1985
Time-of-day effects on children's incidental visual memory for words and ability to solve verbal analogies were investigated. Thirty-six normal, learning disabled, and educable retarded children were assigned morning or afternoon learning/recall sessions. All showed afternoon superiority for superficially processed words, but no differences for…
Descriptors: Arousal Patterns, Comparative Analysis, Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education
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Ferguson, Tamara J.; And Others – Journal of Research in Personality, 1982
Administered caffeine to males (N=39) who were provoked or not provoked by a partner. Provoked participants attributed their feelings to both the drug and their partner's behavior. Angered subjects were more aversive when thinking they had taken caffeine but reduced their aggression when told the drug was a placebo. (Author/JAC)
Descriptors: Aggression, Arousal Patterns, Attribution Theory, Behavior Patterns
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Ridgeway, Doreen; Russell, James A. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1980
Psychometric properties of Zuckerman's Sensation Seeking Scale were examined. Evidence supported the theoretical notion of an individual difference variable in arousal-seeking. Other evidence, however, suggested that measurement problems continue to hamper research: the total score was moderately reliable, but the subscales were only marginally…
Descriptors: Arousal Patterns, Behavior Rating Scales, Foreign Countries, Personality