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Yanez, Christina; Lessne, Deborah – National Center for Education Statistics, 2018
Student victimization and school violence have been an ongoing cause of national concern, resulting in a concerted effort among educators, administrators, parents, and policymakers to determine the gravity of the issue and consider approaches to crime prevention. This Statistics in Brief presents estimates of student criminal victimization at…
Descriptors: Victims, Violence, Questionnaires, National Surveys
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Aguert, Marc; Le Vallois, Coralie; Martel, Karine; Laval, Virginie – Journal of Child Language, 2018
Hyperbole supports irony comprehension in adults by heightening the contrast between what is said and the actual situation. Because young children do not perceive the communication situation as a whole, but rather give precedence to either the utterance or the context, we predicted that hyperbole would reduce irony comprehension in six-year-olds…
Descriptors: Child Language, Language Acquisition, Language Processing, Figurative Language
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Capacci, Sara; Mazzocchi, Mario; Shankar, Bhavani – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2018
This paper estimates the effect of the 2005 vending machine ban in French secondary schools on nutrient intakes and on the frequency of morning snacking at school. Using data before and after the ban, and exploiting the discontinuity associated with the age-dependent exposure to the ban, we specify a difference-in-differences regression…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary Schools, Nutrition, Eating Habits
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Hackett, Daniel A.; Davies, Timothy B.; Ibel, Denis; Cobley, Stephen; Sanders, Ross – Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 2018
This study examined the predictive ability of the medicine ball chest throw and vertical jump for muscular strength and power in adolescents. One hundred and ninety adolescents participated in this study. Participants performed trials of the medicine ball chest throw and vertical jump, with vertical jump peak power calculated via an estimation…
Descriptors: Predictive Measurement, Muscular Strength, Adolescents, Age Differences
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Fernandez-Santos, Jorge R.; Gonzalez-Montesinos, Jose Luis; Ruiz, Jonatan R.; Jiménez-Pavón, David; Castro-Piñero, Jose – Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 2018
The purpose of this study was to analyze the kinematic variables that determine the performance of the standing long jump in children 6- to 12-years-old. There were 121 healthy children (58 girls) recorded while they performed the standing long jump test. All kinematic variables showed a significant correlation with calculated jump distance and…
Descriptors: Children, Preadolescents, Mechanics (Physics), Motion
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Hsu, Hui-ju – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2018
This study adopted both indirect and direct methods to probe into Taiwanese people's attitudes towards Taigi. The indirect method involved a verbal guise experiment with four Taigi speakers--Old-H (higher competence), Old-L (lower competence), Young- H, and Young-L. Participants, including old and young, must complete a questionnaire indirectly…
Descriptors: Language Attitudes, Alienation, Age Differences, Foreign Countries
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Schreiber, Laurentia; Sitaridou, Ioanna – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2018
We assess the sociolinguistic vitality of Romeyka, the only Asia Minor Greek variety, which, albeit endangered, is still spoken in the Black Sea region, Turkey (historically known as Pontus), by means of nine extralinguistic (i.e. sociological) and sociolinguistic factors, specially tailored for the situation of Romeyka. Our current vitality…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Turkish, Greek, Sociolinguistics
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Marine, Susan B.; Martínez Alemán, Ana M. – Review of Higher Education, 2018
In an exploratory qualitative study, the generational dispositions of tenured women faculty from the Boomer Generation were examined. As pioneers and now senior members in the academic profession in the Golden Era of American higher education, they exist in a common historical location characterized by cultural forces and events that helped to…
Descriptors: Women Faculty, Professional Identity, Feminism, Qualitative Research
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Moser, Thomas; Reikerås, Elin; Tønnessen, Finn Egil – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 2018
This article explores variations in development of everyday motor-life-skills in 661 children (329 girls and 332 boys) in Norwegian kindergartens of ages 2:9 (T1) and 4:9 (T2) years:months. The particular focus is on children at risk for problems in motor development (the 10% weakest children in the sample). The methodological approach chosen is…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Psychomotor Skills, Preschool Children, Early Childhood Education
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Kasik, László; Balázs, Fejes József; Guti, Kornél; Gáspár, Csaba; Zsolnai, Anikó – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 2018
The study examined the differences of social problem-solving (SPS) among 12-, 14- and 16-year-old Hungarian disadvantaged and non-disadvantaged adolescents (N = 382) and investigated the relationship between SPS and family background (FB). SPS was measured through students' own and their teachers' evaluations by an adapted questionnaire (Social…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Problem Solving, Adolescents, Socioeconomic Status
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Howard, Adam; Swalwell, Katy; Adler, Karlyn – Teachers College Record, 2018
Background/Context: Though there has been attention to how class differences impact children's experiences in schools and how young people perceive racial and gender differences, very little research to date has examined how young people make sense of social class differences. Purpose: In this article, the authors examine young children's…
Descriptors: Social Class, Illustrations, Kindergarten, Grade 3
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Jung, Janis; Krahé, Barbara; Busching, Robert – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2018
Being surrounded by peers who are accepting of aggression is a significant predictor of the development and persistence of aggression in childhood and adolescence. Whereas past research has focused on social reinforcement mechanisms as the underlying processes, the present longitudinal study analysed the role of external control beliefs as an…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Aggression, Predictor Variables, Peer Influence
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Weger, Harry – International Journal of Listening, 2018
Instructor listening skill is an understudied area in instructional communication research. This study looks at teachers' active empathic listening behavior association with student incivility. Scholars recognize student incivility as a growing problem and have called for research that identifies classroom behaviors that can affect classroom…
Descriptors: Empathy, Listening Skills, Teacher Student Relationship, Age Differences
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Vasc, Dermina; Miclea, Mircea – Early Child Development and Care, 2018
Iconic gestures illustrate complex meanings and clarify and enrich the speech they accompany. Little is known, however, about how children use iconic gestures in the absence of speech. In this study, we used a cross-sectional design to investigate how 3-, 4- and 5-year-old children (N = 51) communicate using pantomime iconic gestures. Children…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Preschool Children, Nonverbal Communication, Case Studies
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Bakhsh, Muhammad; Mahmood, Amjad; Sangi, Nazir Ahmed – International Journal of Distance Education Technologies, 2018
It is important for distance learning institutions to be well prepared before designing and implementing any new technology based learning system to justify the investment and minimize failure risk. It can be achieved by systematically assessing the readiness of all stakeholders. This paper first proposes an m-readiness assessment process and…
Descriptors: Distance Education, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Telecommunications
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