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Bempechat, Janine – Education Next, 2019
Developmentally appropriate homework plays a critical role in the formation of positive learning beliefs and behaviors, including a belief in one's academic ability, a deliberative and effortful approach to mastery, and higher expectations and aspirations for one's future. It can prepare children to confront ever-more-complex tasks, develop…
Descriptors: Homework, Parent Role, Developmentally Appropriate Practices, Academic Ability
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Fujisawa, Keiko K.; Todo, Naoya; Ando, Juko – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Identifying the cognitive capacities associated with the development of school readiness is indispensable to support children's successful school transition. It has been shown that executive function (EF) in preschoolers is associated with both concurrent preacademic and subsequent academic skills. However, most research has controlled for the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Executive Function, Preschool Children, Genetics
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Webb, O. J.; Cotton, D. R. E. – Higher Education: The International Journal of Higher Education Research, 2019
The second year of university is little-researched, despite being a focal point for declining performance, persistence, and satisfaction. It is important to establish appropriate methods for studying this 'sophomore slump' and to pinpoint specific antecedents from broad domains noted in literature (e.g. students' social integration, perceptions of…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Student Attitudes, Attitude Change, Academic Achievement
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Ayalon, Hanna; Mcdossi, Oded – Higher Education: The International Journal of Higher Education Research, 2019
This paper sheds new light on horizontal stratification in higher education by studying, in the Israeli context, the choice of institution and field of study of sons and daughters of nonacademic economically established parents. These youngsters wish to reproduce their parents' economic capital, but also to legitimize their social position by…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Social Stratification, Sons, Daughters
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Inon, Magen – Ethics and Education, 2019
Research shows that various pharmaceuticals can offer modest cognition enhancing effects for healthy individuals. These finding have caused some academics to support liberal use of pharmacological cognitive enhancement (PCE) in schools and universities. This approach partially arises from arguments implying there is little moral justification for…
Descriptors: Pharmacology, Drug Use, Cognitive Ability, Moral Values
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Wu, Zhongling; Hu, Bi Ying; Fan, Xitao – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2019
This study investigated the cross-cultural validity of the Preschool Learning Behavior Scale (PLBS) in the Chinese cultural context. Multiple approaches were used for this purpose, including exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, criterion-related validity evidence, and internal consistency reliability estimates. The findings…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Cultural Relevance, Test Reliability, Factor Structure
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Zhang, Xiao; Hu, Bi Ying; Ren, Lixin; Huo, Shuting; Wang, Meifang – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2019
This chapter addresses how child-, family-, and school-level characteristics are associated with Chinese children's academic skill development during their preschool years. Academic skills are defined in terms of young children's emergent competencies in academic domains including literacy, mathematics, and science. First, we review the relations…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Skill Development, Family Characteristics, Institutional Characteristics
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Cameron, Harriet – Studies in Higher Education, 2019
This study is an interpretative discourse analysis [following Gee, J. P. 2005. "An Introduction to Discourse Analysis: Theory and Method." 2nd ed. New York: Routledge; Gee, J. P. 2011. "How to Do Discourse Analysis: A Toolkit." London: Routledge; and Willig, C. 2008. "Introducing Qualitative Research in Psychology."…
Descriptors: College Faculty, Higher Education, Intelligence, College Students
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Kohan-Mass, Judith; Tal, Liraz – Gifted Education International, 2019
In order to reach gender equity in the gifted population, an affirmative action policy was instituted in Israel to increase the number of girls identified as gifted. The purpose of this study was to compare the self-efficacy beliefs of girls in the top 1.5% (gifted girls (GG)) with those of girls in the top 3% (GG in affirmative action). It was…
Descriptors: Academically Gifted, Self Efficacy, Females, Mathematics Skills
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Banks, Tachelle; Dohy, Jennifer – Higher Education Studies, 2019
This literature review highlights barriers to persistence, retention, and graduation for students of color at institutions of higher learning. Successful strategies, approaches, and initiatives are discussed with consideration to deficit and strengths-based approaches. It is also highlighted that universities may need to address programmatic…
Descriptors: Barriers, Academic Persistence, School Holding Power, Graduation Rate
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Hu, Bi Ying; Fan, Xitao; Wu, Yan; LoCasale-Crouch, Jennifer; Song, Zhanmei – Early Education and Development, 2019
Research Findings: Growing international evidence points to high-quality teacher-child interactions in early learning environments as key contributors to children's learning and development. Little is known, however, about the longitudinal effects of these experiences, particularly in the Chinese context. In this study, we addressed the question…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Interaction, Preschool Teachers, Preschool Children
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Poirier, Martine; Temcheff, Caroline E.; Déry, Michèle; Toupin, Jean; Verlaan, Pierrette; Lemelin, Jean-Pascal – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
Youth with conduct problems present frequently depressive symptoms. Academic skills are thought to be a mediating variable by which conduct problems could lead to depressive symptoms. No studies have longitudinally compared this model among school-aged boys and girls with different levels of conduct problems. Cascade models were tested to examine…
Descriptors: Depression (Psychology), Academic Ability, Behavior Problems, Children
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Neumann, Heike; Padden, Nina; McDonough, Kim – Higher Education Research and Development, 2019
Past research into the relationship between English proficiency test (EPT) scores and score profiles, such as the IELTS and the TOEFL, has shown that there is not always a clear relationship between those scores and students' subsequent academic achievement. Information about students' academic self-concept (ASC) may provide additional information…
Descriptors: Foreign Students, Undergraduate Students, Language Proficiency, Scores
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Wrigley, Terry – FORUM: for promoting 3-19 comprehensive education, 2019
The notion that 'intelligence' or 'ability' is genetically inherited refuses to die. This article reviews the way such a notion has long been used to justify inequality in society, and considers the methodological failings and deceptions, and the interpretative blind spots, of those who advance the heritability of 'intelligence' as a basis for…
Descriptors: Genetics, Intelligence, Academic Ability, Social Differences
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Watson, Steven – FORUM: for promoting 3-19 comprehensive education, 2019
Conversations about 'fixed' or innate ability in relation to schools and education have generally considered - though not exclusively so - the psychological and sociological basis of ability, the practicalities and policy formulations. In this article, the author considers the emergent politics of ability and the culture war on social media which…
Descriptors: Politics of Education, Academic Ability, Social Media, Discourse Analysis
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