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Kleim, Birgit; Grey, Nick; Wild, Jennifer; Nussbeck, Fridtjof W.; Stott, Richard; Hackmann, Ann; Clark, David M.; Ehlers, Anke – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2013
Objective: There is a growing body of evidence for the effectiveness of trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy (TF-CBT) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but few studies to date have investigated the mechanisms by which TF-CBT leads to therapeutic change. Models of PTSD suggest that a core treatment mechanism is the change in…
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Therapy, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Cognitive Restructuring
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Bohn, Christiane; Aderka, Idan M.; Schreiber, Franziska; Stangier, Ulrich; Hofmann, Stefan G. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2013
Objective: The present study examined the effects of sudden gains on treatment outcome in a randomized controlled trial including individual cognitive therapy (CT) and interpersonal therapy (IPT) for social anxiety disorder (SAD). Method: Participants were 67 individuals with SAD who received 16 treatment sessions. Symptom severity at each session…
Descriptors: Therapy, Anxiety Disorders, Anxiety, Cognitive Restructuring
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Crits-Christoph, Paul; Johnson, Jennifer E.; Connolly Gibbons, Mary Beth; Gallop, Robert – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2013
Objective: This study examined the relation of process variables to the outcome of group drug counseling, a commonly used community treatment, for cocaine dependence. Method: Videotaped group drug counseling sessions from 440 adult patients (23% female, 41% minority) were rated for member alliance, group cohesion, participation, self-disclosure,…
Descriptors: Drug Addiction, Feedback (Response), Counseling Objectives, Patients
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Wolitzky-Taylor, Kate B.; Arch, Joanna J.; Rosenfield, David; Craske, Michelle G. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2012
Objective: Understanding for whom, and under what conditions, treatments exert their greatest effects is essential for developing personalized medicine. Research investigating moderators of outcome among evidence-based treatments for anxiety disorders is lacking. The current study examined several theory-driven and atheoretical putative moderators…
Descriptors: Evidence, Therapy, Anxiety Disorders, Anxiety
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Manne, Sharon L.; Kashy, Deborah A.; Rubin, Stephen; Hernandez, Enrique; Bergman, Cynthia – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2012
Objective: The goal was to understand both therapist and patient perspectives on alliance and session progress for women in treatment for gynecological cancer. We used a longitudinal version of the one-with-many design to partition variation in alliance and progress ratings into therapist, patient/dyad, and time-specific components. We also…
Descriptors: Females, Therapy, Depression (Psychology), Cancer
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Witkiewitz, Katie; Donovan, Dennis M.; Hartzler, Bryan – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2012
Objective: Many trials have demonstrated the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral interventions for alcohol dependence, yet few studies have examined why particular treatments are effective. This study was designed to evaluate whether drink refusal training was an effective component of a combined behavioral intervention (CBI) and whether change…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Treatment, Self Efficacy, Intervention, Age
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Leiner, Amy S.; Kearns, Megan C.; Jackson, Joan L.; Astin, Millie C.; Rothbaum, Barbara O. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2012
Objective: This study investigated the impact of avoidant coping on treatment outcome in rape-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Method: Adult women with rape-related PTSD (N = 62) received 9 sessions of prolonged exposure (PE) or eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR). The mean age for the sample was 34.7 years, and race…
Descriptors: Females, Rape, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Coping
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Bieling, Peter J.; Hawley, Lance L.; Bloch, Richard T.; Corcoran, Kathleen M.; Levitan, Robert D.; Young, L. Trevor; MacQueen, Glenda M.; Segal, Zindel V. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2012
Objective: To examine whether metacognitive psychological skills, acquired in mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT), are also present in patients receiving medication treatments for prevention of depressive relapse and whether these skills mediate MBCT's effectiveness. Method: This study, embedded within a randomized efficacy trial of MBCT,…
Descriptors: Prevention, Program Effectiveness, Rating Scales, Personality Traits
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Dekovic, Maja; Asscher, Jessica J.; Manders, Willeke A.; Prins, Pier J. M.; van der Laan, Peter – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2012
Objective: The present study tested the hypothesis that improvements in parental sense of competence during multisystemic therapy (MST) lead to positive changes in parenting, which in turn lead to a decrease of adolescent externalizing problems. Mediational models were tested separately for 3 dimensions of parenting (positive discipline, inept…
Descriptors: Intervention, Therapy, Adolescents, Statistical Analysis
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Bowler, Jennifer O.; Mackintosh, Bundy; Dunn, Barnaby D.; Mathews, Andrew; Dalgleish, Tim; Hoppitt, Laura – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2012
Objective: Computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (cCBT) and cognitive bias modification for interpretation (CBM-I) both have demonstrated efficacy in alleviating social anxiety, but how they compare with each other has not been investigated. The present study tested the prediction that both interventions would reduce anxiety relative to a…
Descriptors: Intervention, Behavior Modification, Therapy, Anxiety
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Crits-Christoph, Paul; Gibbons, Mary Beth Connolly; Hamilton, Jessica; Ring-Kurtz, Sarah; Gallop, Robert – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2011
Objective: To examine the dependability of alliance scores at the patient and therapist level, to evaluate the potential causal direction of session-to-session changes in alliance and depressive symptoms, and to investigate the impact of aggregating the alliance over progressively more sessions on the size of the alliance-outcome relationship.…
Descriptors: Counselor Client Relationship, Generalizability Theory, Patients, Psychotherapy
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Teachman, Bethany A.; Marker, Craig D.; Clerkin, Elise M. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2010
Objective: Cognitive models of panic disorder suggest that change in catastrophic misinterpretations of bodily sensations will predict symptom reduction. To examine change processes, we used a repeated measures design to evaluate whether the trajectory of change in misinterpretations over the course of 12-week cognitive behavior therapy is related…
Descriptors: Anxiety Disorders, Counseling Techniques, Professional Development Schools, Behavior Modification
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Evans, Lynette; Cowlishaw, Sean; Forbes, David; Parslow, Ruth; Lewis, Virginia – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2010
Objective: This study evaluated the relations between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and poor family functioning in veterans and their partners. Method: Data were collected from Caucasian veterans with PTSD (N = 1,822) and their partners (N = 702); mean age = 53.9 years, SD = 7.36. Veterans completed the Posttraumatic Checklist…
Descriptors: Structural Equation Models, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Role, Veterans
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Anker, Morten G.; Owen, Jesse; Duncan, Barry L.; Sparks, Jacqueline A. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2010
Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the alliance and outcome in couple therapy and examine whether the alliance predicted outcomes over and above early change. The authors also investigated partner influence and gender and sought to identify couple alliance patterns that predicted couple outcomes. Method:…
Descriptors: Rating Scales, Marriage Counseling, Therapy, Prediction
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Manne, Sharon; Winkel, Gary; Zaider, Talia; Rubin, Stephen; Hernandez, Enrique; Bergman, Cynthia – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2010
Objective: Little attention has been paid to the role of nonspecific therapy processes in the efficacy of psychological interventions for individuals diagnosed with cancer. The goal of the current study was to examine the three constructs from the generic model of psychotherapy (GMP): therapeutic alliance, therapeutic realizations, and therapeutic…
Descriptors: Intervention, Females, Outcomes of Treatment, Psychotherapy
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