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Imel, Zac E.; Laska, Kevin; Jakupcak, Matthew; Simpson, Tracy L. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2013
Objective: Many patients drop out of treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); some clinicians believe that trauma-focused treatments increase dropout. Method: We conducted a meta-analysis of dropout among active treatments in clinical trials for PTSD (42 studies; 17 direct comparisons). Results: The average dropout rate was 18%, but it…
Descriptors: Dropouts, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Patients, Dropout Rate
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Murphy, James G.; Dennhardt, Ashley A.; Skidmore, Jessica R.; Borsari, Brian; Barnett, Nancy P.; Colby, Suzanne M.; Martens, Matthew P. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2012
Objective: Behavioral economic theory suggests that a reduction in substance use is most likely when there is an increase in rewarding substance-free activities. The goal of this randomized controlled clinical trial was to evaluate the incremental efficacy of a novel behavioral economic supplement (Substance-Free Activity Session [SFAS]) to a…
Descriptors: Alcohol Abuse, Depression (Psychology), Relaxation Training, Rewards
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Luoma, Jason B.; Kohlenberg, Barbara S.; Hayes, Steven C.; Fletcher, Lindsay – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2012
Objective: Shame has long been seen as relevant to substance use disorders, but interventions have not been tested in randomized trials. This study examined a group-based intervention for shame based on the principles of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) in patients (N = 133; 61% female; M = 34 years old; 86% Caucasian) in a 28-day…
Descriptors: Client Characteristics (Human Services), Intervention, Patients, Therapy
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Bedics, Jamie D.; Atkins, David C.; Comtois, Katherine A.; Linehan, Marsha M. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2012
Objective: The present study explored the role of the therapeutic relationship and introject during the course of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT; Linehan, 1993) for the treatment of borderline personality disorder. Method: Women meeting "DSM-IV" criteria for borderline personality disorder (N = 101) were randomized to receive DBT or community…
Descriptors: Expertise, Personality Problems, Social Behavior, Behavior Modification
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Atkinson, Melissa J.; Wade, Tracey D. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2012
Objective: To investigate engagement in metacognitive acceptance and subsequent efficacy with respect to decreasing 2 risk factors for disordered eating, body dissatisfaction (BD), and negative affect (NA). Method: In a pilot experiment, 20 female undergraduates (M[subscript age] = 24.35, SD = 9.79) underwent a BD induction procedure, received…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Females, Outcome Measures, At Risk Persons
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Waller, Glenn; Stringer, Hannah; Meyer, Caroline – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2012
Objective: Clinicians commonly "drift" away from using proven therapeutic techniques. This study examined the degree to which such drift occurs among cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) clinicians working with a specific clinical population--adults with eating disorders. Method: The study used a correlational design. The participants were…
Descriptors: Eating Disorders, Cognitive Restructuring, Patients, Multivariate Analysis
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Boswell, James F.; Castonguay, Louis G.; Wasserman, Rachel H. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2010
Objective: This study was an investigation of the relationships among therapist training variables, psychotherapy process, and session outcome in a psychotherapy training clinic. The aims were to assess the relationship between "training as usual" and intervention use in individual psychotherapy, to investigate the relationship between therapist…
Descriptors: Graduate Students, Intervention, Patients, Counselor Training
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Wood, Mark D.; Fairlie, Anne M.; Fernandez, Anne C.; Borsari, Brian; Capone, Christy; Laforge, Robert; Carmona-Barros, Rosa – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2010
Objective: Using a randomized factorial design, we examined the efficacy of a brief motivational intervention (BMI) and a parent-based intervention (PBI) as universal preventive interventions to reduce alcohol use among incoming college students. Method: Participants (N = 1,014) were assessed prior to matriculation and at 10 months and 22 months…
Descriptors: College Students, Intervention, Alcohol Abuse, Drinking
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Shimokawa, Kenichi; Lambert, Michael J.; Smart, David W. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2010
Objective: Outcome research has documented worsening among a minority of the patient population (5% to 10%). In this study, we conducted a meta-analytic and mega-analytic review of a psychotherapy quality assurance system intended to enhance outcomes in patients at risk of treatment failure. Method: Original data from six major studies conducted…
Descriptors: Counseling Services, Outcomes of Treatment, Quality Control, Patients
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Mun, Eun Young; White, Helene R.; Morgan, Thomas J. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2009
Little is known about individual and situational factors that moderate the efficacy of personalized feedback interventions (PFIs). Mandated college students (N = 348) were randomly assigned either to a PFI delivered in the context of a brief motivational interview (BMI; n = 180) or to a written PFI only (WF) condition and were followed up at 4…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), College Students, Alcohol Abuse, Intervention
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Carey, Kate B.; Henson, James M.; Carey, Michael P.; Maisto, Stephen A. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2007
Heavy drinking among college students is common and is often harmful. A previously reported randomized trial revealed that a brief motivational intervention (BMI) reduced the alcohol consumption of heavy drinking college students (K. B. Carey, M. P. Carey, S. A. Maisto, & J. M. Henson, 2006). For this study, the researchers conducted supplemental…
Descriptors: Intervention, Time Perspective, Drinking, College Students
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Sloan, Denise M.; Marx, Brian P.; Epstein, Eva M. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2005
In the current study, the authors examined the effects of systematically varying the writing instructions for the written emotional disclosure procedure. College undergraduates with a trauma history and at least moderate posttraumatic stress symptoms were asked to write about (a) the same traumatic experience, (b) different traumatic experiences,…
Descriptors: Writing Instruction, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Undergraduate Students, Outcomes of Treatment
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Hardy, Gillian E.; Cahill, Jane; Stiles, William B.; Ispan, Caroline; Macaskill, Norman; Barkham, Michael – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2005
Of 76 clients receiving 8-20 sessions of cognitive therapy (CT) in a joint university and a national health service clinic, 31 experienced sudden gains that appeared very similar to those first reported in clinical trials of CT by T. Z. Tang and R. J. DeRubeis (1999) and subsequently replicated in other studies. The sudden gains appeared less…
Descriptors: Therapy, Health Services, Cognitive Restructuring, Behavior Modification