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Crits-Christoph, Paul; Johnson, Jennifer E.; Connolly Gibbons, Mary Beth; Gallop, Robert – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2013
Objective: This study examined the relation of process variables to the outcome of group drug counseling, a commonly used community treatment, for cocaine dependence. Method: Videotaped group drug counseling sessions from 440 adult patients (23% female, 41% minority) were rated for member alliance, group cohesion, participation, self-disclosure,…
Descriptors: Drug Addiction, Feedback (Response), Counseling Objectives, Patients
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Crits-Christoph, Paul; Gibbons, Mary Beth Connolly; Hamilton, Jessica; Ring-Kurtz, Sarah; Gallop, Robert – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2011
Objective: To examine the dependability of alliance scores at the patient and therapist level, to evaluate the potential causal direction of session-to-session changes in alliance and depressive symptoms, and to investigate the impact of aggregating the alliance over progressively more sessions on the size of the alliance-outcome relationship.…
Descriptors: Counselor Client Relationship, Generalizability Theory, Patients, Psychotherapy
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Hoglend, Per; Hersoug, Anne Grete; Bogwald, Kjell-Petter; Amlo, Svein; Marble, Alice; Sorbye, Oystein; Rossberg, Jan Ivar; Ulberg, Randi; Gabbard, Glen O.; Crits-Christoph, Paul – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2011
Objective: Transference interpretation is considered as a core active ingredient in dynamic psychotherapy. In common clinical theory, it is maintained that more mature relationships, as well as a strong therapeutic alliance, may be prerequisites for successful transference work. In this study, the interaction between quality of object relations,…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Personality Problems, Personality, Patients
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Crits-Christoph, Paul; Gibbons, Mary Beth Connolly; Temes, Christina M.; Elkin, Irene; Gallop, Robert – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2010
Objective: The purpose of the current investigation was to examine the interpersonal accuracy of interventions in cognitive therapy and interpersonal therapy as a predictor of the outcome of treatment for patients with major depressive disorder. Method: The interpersonal accuracy of interventions was rated using transcripts of treatment sessions…
Descriptors: Cognitive Restructuring, Social Adjustment, Patients, Therapy
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Stulz, Niklaus; Thase, Michael E.; Klein, Daniel N.; Manber, Rachel; Crits-Christoph, Paul – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2010
Objective: Psychotherapy-pharmacotherapy combinations are frequently recommended for the treatment of chronic depressive disorders. Our aim in this novel reanalysis of archival data was to identify patient subgroups on the basis of symptom trajectories and examine the clinical significance of the resultant classification on basis of differential…
Descriptors: Behavioral Science Research, Rating Scales, Patients, Severity (of Disability)
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Gibbons, Mary Beth Connolly; Crits-Christoph, Paul; Barber, Jacques P.; Stirman, Shannon Wiltsey; Gallop, Robert; Goldstein, Lizabeth A.; Temes, Christina M.; Ring-Kurtz, Sarah – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2009
The goal of this article was to examine theoretically important mechanisms of change in psychotherapy outcome across different types of treatment. Specifically, the role of gains in self-understanding, acquisition of compensatory skills, and improvements in views of the self were examined. A pooled study database collected at the University of…
Descriptors: Personality Problems, Patients, Psychotherapy, Anxiety
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Ball, Samuel A.; Martino, Steve; Nich, Charla; Frankforter, Tami L.; Van Horn, Deborah; Crits-Christoph, Paul; Woody, George E.; Obert, Jeanne L.; Farentinos, Christiane; Carroll, Kathleen M. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2007
The effectiveness of motivational enhancement therapy (MET) in comparison with counseling as usual (CAU) for increasing retention and reducing substance use was evaluated in a multisite randomized clinical trial. Participants were 461 outpatients treated by 31 therapists within 1 of 5 outpatient substance abuse programs. There were no retention…
Descriptors: Therapy, Program Effectiveness, Drug Abuse, Clinics
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Gallop, Robert J.; Crits-Christoph, Paul; Ten Have, Thomas R.; Barber, Jacques P.; Frank, Arlene; Griffin, Margaret L.; Thase, Michael E. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2007
The longitudinal course of cocaine dependence is characterized by alternating periods of abstinence and relapse. Although gender has emerged as an important predictor of relapse, previous studies have examined mean differences in use by gender. Focusing strictly on differences in averages between men and women does not address potential gender…
Descriptors: Patients, Toxicology, Gender Differences, Drug Abuse
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Crits-Christoph, Paul; Mintz, Jim – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1991
Presents reasons therapist should be included as random design factor in nested analysis of (co)variance (AN[C]OVA) design used in psychotherapy research. Reviews studies which indicate majority of investigators ignore issue of effects from incorrect specification of ANOVA design. Presents reanalysis of data from 10 psychotherapy outcome studies…
Descriptors: Analysis of Covariance, Analysis of Variance, Outcomes of Treatment, Psychological Studies
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Crits-Christoph, Paul; And Others – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1988
Developed measure of accuracy of therapists' interpretations and examined relation of accuracy to outcome of dynamic psychotherapy. Assessed accuracy on therapists' interpretations from two early-in-treatment sessions of 43 patients. Results indicated that accuracy about main wishes and responses from others that were expressed in relationship…
Descriptors: Counselor Attitudes, Counselor Qualifications, Interpretive Skills, Outcomes of Treatment