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Imel, Zac E.; Laska, Kevin; Jakupcak, Matthew; Simpson, Tracy L. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2013
Objective: Many patients drop out of treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); some clinicians believe that trauma-focused treatments increase dropout. Method: We conducted a meta-analysis of dropout among active treatments in clinical trials for PTSD (42 studies; 17 direct comparisons). Results: The average dropout rate was 18%, but it…
Descriptors: Dropouts, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Patients, Dropout Rate
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Lamis, Dorian A.; Malone, Patrick S.; Lansford, Jennifer E.; Lochman, John E. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2012
Objective: The current study addressed a gap in the literature by investigating the association between maternal depressive symptoms and subsequent timing of their children's alcohol use onset and heavy episodic drinking (HED). Childhood depression/dysthymia symptoms, harsh discipline, and parental positive regard were examined as potential…
Descriptors: Prevention, Intervention, Children, Measures (Individuals)
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Merlo, Lisa J.; Lehmkuhl, Heather D.; Geffken, Gary R.; Storch, Eric A. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2009
Pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic, disabling condition that affects both patients and their families. Despite the identification of efficacious treatments (e.g., cognitive-behavioral therapy and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor medications), not all patients respond fully. The purpose of the present study was to…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Treatment, Pediatrics, Patients, Severity (of Disability)
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Brown, Eric C.; Catalano, Richard F.; Fleming, Charles B.; Haggerty, Kevin P.; Abbott, Robert D. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2005
Raising Healthy Children (RHC) is a preventive intervention designed to promote positive youth development by targeting developmentally appropriate risk and protective factors. In this study, the authors tested the efficacy of the RHC intervention on reducing adolescent alcohol, marijuana, and cigarette use. Ten public schools, which comprised 959…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Adolescents, Substance Abuse, Public Schools
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Stice, Eric; Presnell, Katherine; Shaw, Heather; Rohde, Paul – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2005
Because little is known about risk factors for obesity, the authors tested whether certain psychological and behavioral variables predicted future onset of obesity. The authors used data from a prospective study of 496 adolescent girls who completed a baseline assessment at age 11-15 years and 4 annual follow-ups. Self-reported dietary restraint,…
Descriptors: Psychology, Females, Risk, Obesity
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Stice, Eric; Burton, Emily M.; Shaw, Heather – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2004
To elucidate the processes that contribute to the comorbidity between bulimic pathology, depression, and substance abuse, the authors tested the temporal relations between these disturbances with prospective data from adolescent girls (N = 496). Multivariate analyses indicated that depressive symptoms predicted onset of bulimic pathology but not…
Descriptors: Pathology, Females, Substance Abuse, Risk
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Blount, Ronald L.; Morris, Julie A. B.; Cheng, Patricia S.; Campbell, Robert M.; Brown, Ronald T. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2004
The authors examined associations among parental and child adjustment, child syncope, somatic, and school problems. Participants were children (N = 56) ages 7-18 years with syncope. Measures included syncope severity, parental distress, and children's internalizing symptoms. For children diagnosed negative for neurocardiogenic syncope (NCS), their…
Descriptors: Psychosomatic Disorders, Human Body, Mothers, Fathers
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Gretton, Heather M.; Hare, Robert D.; Catchpole, Rosalind E. H. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2004
This study examined the predictive validity of the Hare Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version (PCL:YV; A. E. Forth, D. S. Kosson, & R. D. Hare, 2003) from adolescence to early adulthood. The authors coded the PCL:YV using file information and collected criminal record information over a 10-year follow-up period on 157 boys, ages 12 through 18,…
Descriptors: Psychiatric Services, Predictive Validity, Adolescents, Young Adults
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Burton, Emily; Stice, Eric; Seeley, John R. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2004
The stress-buffering model posits that social support mitigates the relation between negative life events and onset of depression, but prospective studies have provided little support for this assertion. The authors sought to provide a more sensitive test of this model by addressing certain methodological and statistical limitations of past…
Descriptors: Pathology, Females, Risk, Depression (Psychology)
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Biederman, Joseph; Monuteaux, Michael C.; Doyle, Alysa E.; Seidman, Larry J.; Wilens, Timothy E.; Ferrero, Frances; Morgan, Christie L.; Faraone, Stephen V. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2004
The association between executive function deficits (EFDs) and functional outcomes were examined among children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Participants were children and adolescents with (n = 259) and without (n = 222) ADHD, as ascertained from pediatric and psychiatric clinics. The authors defined EFD as…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Academic Failure, Learning Disabilities, Hyperactivity
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Chu, Brian C.; Kendall, Philip C. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2004
Ratings of child involvement in manual-based cognitive-behavioral treatment for anxiety were associated with the absence of primary anxiety diagnosis and reductions in impairment ratings at posttreatment for 59 children with anxiety (ages 8-14 years). Good-to-excellent interrater reliability was established for the independent ratings of 237…
Descriptors: Psychometrics, Psychotherapy, Anxiety, Outcomes of Treatment
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Kallstrom-Fuqua, Amanda C.; Weston, Rebecca; Marshall, Linda L. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2004
Possible mediators of sexual abuse severity were tested on the basis of D. Finkelhor and A. Browne's (1985) traumagenic dynamics model with 178 low-income African American, European American, and Mexican American community women interviewed for Project HOW: Health Outcomes of Women. This subsample reported contact sexual abuse before the age of 18…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Females, Interpersonal Relationship, Mexican Americans
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Halliday-Boykins, Colleen A.; Henggeler, Scott W.; Rowland, Melisa D.; DeLucia, Christian – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2004
The authors examined heterogeneity in symptom trajectories among youths following psychiatric crises as well as the psychosocial correlates and placement outcomes associated with identified trajectories. Using semiparametric mixture modeling with 156 youths approved for psychiatric hospitalization, the authors identified 5 trajectories based on…
Descriptors: Patients, Emotional Disturbances, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Psychological Patterns
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Lochman, John E.; Wells, Karen C. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2004
This study evaluates the effects of the Coping Power Program with at-risk preadolescent boys at the time of transition from elementary school to middle school. Aggressive boys were randomly assigned to receive only the Coping Power child component, the full Coping Power Program with parent and child components, or a control condition. Results…
Descriptors: Preadolescents, Intervention, Males, Delinquency