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Nevid, Jeffrey S. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1983
Responds to an article questioning the construct validity of the Beck Hopelessness Scale. Suggests that social desirability should not be invoked as a potential confound unless the obtained covariation is theoretically inconsistent or is so overlapping as to make the respective scales redundant with respect to factorial content. (Author/RC)
Descriptors: Opinions, Psychological Testing, Research Methodology, Social Influences
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Linehan, Marsha M.; Nielsen, Stevan L. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1983
States that the correlation between social desirability (SD) and hopelessness is open to several interpretations, but, in the absence of further data, concern for false-negative rates dictates caution in interpreting hopelessness scores when assessing suicidal behavior. Presents data on the relationship of SD, hopelessness, and prediction of…
Descriptors: Opinions, Predictive Measurement, Psychological Testing, Research Methodology
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Petrie, Keith; Chamberlain, Kerry – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1983
Examined the relationship between hopelessness and suicidal intent and whether the Beck Hopelessness Scale is confounded by social desirability, by interviewing attempted suicide patients (N=54). Results showed that hopelessness was the key variable in predicting suicidal behavior and ideation, and social desirability had no influence on…
Descriptors: Adults, Depression (Psychology), Foreign Countries, Predictive Validity
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Kazdin, Alan E.; And Others – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1983
Evaluated hopelessness, depression, and suicidal intent among preadolescent psychiatric patients (N=66), using the Hopelessness Scale for Children. Results showed children who scored high on the hopelessness scale showed significantly more severe depression. Suicidal intent was more consistently correlated with hopelessness than with depression.…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Depression (Psychology), Emotional Disturbances, Institutionalized Persons
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Beck, Aaron T.; And Others – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1989
Used 9-point clinical rating scale to assess severity of hopelessness in 141 patients hospitalized with suicide ideation. Followed patients from 5 to 10 years; 10 eventually committed suicide. Mean hopelessness rating for patients committing suicide was significantly higher than that for patients not committing suicide. Cutoff score of 6 or above…
Descriptors: Depression (Psychology), Predictive Validity, Predictor Variables, Suicide
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Kazdin, Alan E.; And Others – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1986
Evaluated psychometric features and correlates of the Hopelessness Scale for Children. Results indicated the scale was internally consistent, item-total score correlations and test-retest reliability were in the moderate range, and individual items discriminated high and low hopelessness children. Hopelessness correlated positively with depression…
Descriptors: Children, Depression (Psychology), Elementary Secondary Education, Self Esteem
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Beck, Aaron T.; And Others – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1974
A scale designed to quantify hopelessness was administered to several diverse samples of patients to assess its psychometric properties. This scale was found to have a high degree of internal consistency and showed a relatively high correlation with the clinical ratings of hopelessness and other self-administered measures of hopelessness. (Author)
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Attitudes, Expectation, Measurement Instruments
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Linehan, Marsha M.; Nielsen, Stevan L. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1981
Shoppers completed the Beck Hopelessness Scale, the Edwards Social Desirability Inventory, and a survey of past suicidal behavior. Results indicated hopelessness and social desirability were reliably related to reports of past suicidal behavior, to frequency of current suicidal ideation, and to subjects' predictions of future suicide potential.…
Descriptors: Adults, Behavior Patterns, Predictive Measurement, Psychological Patterns