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Rawls, Anita; Zhang, Xiuyuan; Hendrickson, Amy – College Board, 2016
The classification of test-takers into ethnic and racial groups ensures individuals and groups, identified in Title VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the 14th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, are protected from adverse treatment (Camilli, 2006). The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) suggests that…
Descriptors: Racial Identification, Ethnic Groups, Multiracial Persons, Test Bias
Engelhard, George, Jr.; Wind, Stefanie A.; Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Chajewski, Michael – College Board, 2013
The purpose of this study is to illustrate the use of explanatory models based on Rasch measurement theory to detect systematic relationships between student and item characteristics and achievement differences using differential item functioning (DIF), differential group functioning (DGF), and differential person functioning (DPF) techniques. The…
Descriptors: Test Bias, Evaluation Methods, Measurement Techniques, Writing Evaluation
Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Patterson, Brian F.; Wiley, Andrew; Mattern, Krista D. – College Board, 2012
In 2011, the College Board released its SAT college and career readiness benchmark, which represents the level of academic preparedness associated with a high likelihood of college success and completion. The goal of this study, which was conducted in 2008, was to establish college success criteria to inform the development of the benchmark. The…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Standard Setting, College Readiness, Career Readiness
Paek, Pamela L.; Braun, Henry; Trapani, Catherine; Ponte, Eva; Powers, Don – College Board, 2008
This report analyzes the relationship of Advanced Placement Program® (AP®) teacher practices and student performance on AP Biology and AP U.S. History Exams. Using a national survey of AP teachers, the study developed four models for each subject with public school teachers only and both public and nonpublic school teachers, using two standards of…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, Teaching Methods, Achievement Tests, Academic Achievement
Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Sathy, Viji; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2007
This paper presents and reviews gender, racial/ethnic, language, and socioeconomic subgroup performance differences on the SAT® over nearly the last two decades. Theories on the existence of subgroup differences are examined. Substantial revisions to the SAT were made in 1994, and again in 2005. The short-term and long-term impact of these…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Gender Differences, Racial Differences, Language
Morgan, Deanna L. – College Board, 2006
The introduction of the SAT Reasoning Test™ with a writing section in March 2005 and the concomitant elimination of the SAT® Subject Test in Writing after January 2005 have led many colleges and institutions to ask for guidance in using the new SAT Reasoning Test writing section scores for college placement and admissions. Standard-setting…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Logical Thinking, Thinking Skills, Placement
Paek, Pamela L.; Ponte, Eva; Sigel, Irv; Braun, Henry; Powers, Don – College Board, 2005
The Advanced Placement Program® (AP®) is dedicated to providing high school students opportunities to enroll in college-level courses while in high school. The advantages of such accelerated opportunities are both financial and educational. The AP Program is available internationally. As a result of its widespread availability, considerable effort…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, High School Students, Secondary School Teachers, High Schools
Milewski, Glenn B.; Johnsen, Daniel; Glazer, Nancy; Kubota, Melvin – College Board, 2005
The current paper presents the results of a large-scale, national, reading and writing curriculum survey and evaluates the alignment of the survey results to the reading and writing skills measured by the new SAT®. It was hypothesized that the skills measured by the writing and critical reading sections of the new SAT would be aligned to the…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Standardized Tests, Surveys, Reading Skills
Engelhard, George, Jr.; Myford, Carol M. – College Board, 2003
The purpose of this study was to examine, describe, evaluate, and compare the rating behavior of faculty consultants who scored essays written for the Advanced Placement English Literature and Composition (AP® ELC) Exam. Data from the 1999 AP ELC Exam were analyzed using FACETS (Linacre, 1998) and SAS. The faculty consultants were not all…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement, College Faculty, Consultants, Scoring
Burton, Nancy W.; Whitman, Nancy Burgess; Yepes-Baraya, Mario; Cline, Frederick; Kim, R. Myung-in – College Board, 2002
This project described the characteristics and teaching behaviors of those successfully teaching AP® Calculus AB and AP English Literature and Composition to underrepresented minority students. Its purpose was to assist educators in improving the participation and performance of underrepresented minority students in AP classes. Study results…
Descriptors: Minority Group Students, Academic Achievement, Success, Advanced Placement Programs
Buck, Gary; Kostin, Irene; Morgan, Rick – College Board, 2002
The purpose of this study is to examine the content of the questions in a number of Advanced Placement Examinations and to attempt to identify content that is related to gender-based performance differences. Free-response questions for ten forms of the AP® Exams in U.S. History, European History, Biology, Microeconomics, and Macroeconomics were…
Descriptors: Test Content, Gender Differences, Correlation, Test Items
Breland, Hunter M.; Oltman, Philip K. – College Board, 2001
Advanced Placement Program® (AP®) Examinations in Macroeconomics, Microeconomics, and Comparative Government and Politics were studied to examine college course performance and gender differences. It was concluded that students who had received college credit for AP performed as well or better in higher-level college courses in Macroeconomics and…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, Standardized Tests, Macroeconomics, Economics Education