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Smith, Kara; Jagesic, Sanja; Wyatt, Jeff; Ewing, Maureen – College Board, 2018
Projections by the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (2012) point to a need for approximately one million more Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) professionals than the U.S. will be able to produce considering the current rate of STEM postsecondary degree completions (Executive Office of the President of…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, STEM Education, Student Participation, High School Students
Ewing, Maureen; Jagesic, Sanja; Wyatt, Jeff – College Board, 2018
Students who double major have higher earnings and are more satisfied with their educational experience in college than those who graduate with a single major. In this study, the authors examine the extent to which a student's experience with academic acceleration programs in high school, specifically successful participation in the Advanced…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, Criterion Referenced Tests, College Entrance Examinations, Scores
Marini, Jessica; Shaw, Emily; Young, Linda; Ewing, Maureen – College Board, 2018
This study investigated differences in college grading practices (first-year grade point average and course grades) by student and institutional characteristics and by academic discipline to inform and improve our understanding and use as among the most commonly employed criteria in validity and college readiness research. In addition, trends in…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Grading, College Students, Student Characteristics
Ewing, Maureen; Wyatt, Jeff – College Board, 2017
Historically, AP Potential™ has used PSAT/NMSQT® scores to identify students who are likely to earn a 3 or higher on a specific AP Exam based on research showing moderate to strong relationships between PSAT/NMSQT scores and AP Exam scores (Camara & Millsap, 1998; Ewing, Camara, & Millsap, 2006; Zhang, Patel, & Ewing, 2014a). For most…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, Aptitude Tests, High Schools, College Entrance Examinations
Ewing, Maureen; Wyatt, Jeffrey N.; Smith, Kara – College Board, 2016
Historically, AP Potential™ has used PSAT/NMSQT® scores to identify students who are likely to earn a 3 or higher on a specific AP® Exam--based on research showing moderate to strong relationships between PSAT/NMSQT scores and AP Exam scores (Camara & Millsap, 1998; Ewing, Camara & Millsap, 2006; Zhang, Patel & Ewing, 2014a). For most…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, Talent Identification, College Entrance Examinations, High School Students
Ewing, Maureen; Howell, Jessica – College Board, 2015
Strong academic performance in college, as measured by first-year grades, is important for a host of reasons, but perhaps the most critical reason is that students who perform well in their first year of college are more likely to earn a bachelor's degree (Adelman, 2006). Research shows that Advanced Placement Program® (AP®) students, particularly…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Advanced Placement Programs, Correlation, Student Participation
Zhang, Xiuyuan; Patel, Priyank; Ewing, Maureen – College Board, 2015
Historically, AP Potential™ correlations and expectancy tables have been based on 10th-and 11th-grade PSAT/NMSQT® examinees and 11th-and 12th-grade AP® examinees for all subjects (Zhang, Patel, & Ewing,2014; Ewing, Camara, & Millsap, 2006; Camara & Millsap, 1998). However, a large number of students take AP European History and AP…
Descriptors: Grade 4, Scores, Prediction, European History
Godfrey, Kelly; Matos-Elefonte, Haifa; Ewing, Maureen; Patel, Priyank – College Board, 2014
The study presented here is an investigation and comparison of the relationships between the Advanced Placement Program® (AP®) and dual-enrolled high school courses and college outcomes. Previous research provides evidence that participation in AP, and subsequent success on AP Exams, is positively related to various college outcomes including an…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Advanced Placement Programs, Advanced Placement, Dual Enrollment
Zhang, Xiuyuan; Patel, Priyank; Ewing, Maureen – College Board, 2014
AP Potential™ is an educational guidance tool that uses PSAT/NMSQT® scores to identify students who have the potential to do well on one or more Advanced Placement® (AP®) Exams. Students identified as having AP potential, perhaps students who would not have been otherwise identified, should consider enrolling in the corresponding AP course if they…
Descriptors: High School Students, College Entrance Examinations, Standardized Tests, Scores
Patterson, Brian F.; Ewing, Maureen – College Board, 2013
The Advanced Placement Program® (AP®) was created to provide access to rigorous, college-level curricula to motivated and prepared high school students. This study evaluated whether the AP Exam scores from the summative exams associated with 10 courses were valid for the placement of students into higher-level college courses in the subject area…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement, Scores, Student Placement, High School Students
Mattern, Krista D.; Shaw, Emily J.; Ewing, Maureen – College Board, 2011
Previous research has found a positive relationship between AP® participation and performance with various college outcomes. Building on this work, the current study investigated the relationship between AP participation and performance with choice of college major. Specifically, this study examined whether students who take an AP Exam in a…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement, Achievement Tests, Computer Science, Majors (Students)
Hendrickson, Amy; Patterson, Brian; Ewing, Maureen – College Board, 2010
The psychometric considerations and challenges associated with including constructed response items on tests are discussed along with how these issues affect the form assembly specifications for mixed-format exams. Reliability and validity, security and fairness, pretesting, content and skills coverage, test length and timing, weights, statistical…
Descriptors: Multiple Choice Tests, Test Format, Test Construction, Test Validity
Ewing, Maureen; Packman, Sheryl; Hamen, Cynthia; Clark, Allison – College Board, 2009
Presented at the Annual Meeting of National Council on Measurement in Education (NCME) in San Diego, CA in April 2009. This presentation describes the methodology that was used with subject-matter experts (SMEs) to articulate the content and skills important in the domain, and then the iterative processes that were used to articulate the claims…
Descriptors: Evidence Based Practice, Advanced Placement Programs, Achievement Tests, Test Construction
Ewing, Maureen; Camara, Wayne J.; Millsap, Roger E.; Milewski, Glenn B. – College Board, 2007
AP Potential™ is a data-driven tool offered by the College Board that uses scores from the PSAT/NMSQT® to identify students who have the potential to succeed in Advanced Placement Program® (AP®) courses (College Board, 2007). Research showing a moderate-to-strong correlation between PSAT/NMSQT scores and AP Exam scores serves as the basis for this…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, Talent Identification, Scores, Standardized Tests
Ewing, Maureen – College Board, 2006
Numerous research studies have been conducted to inform various aspects of the AP Program throughout its history. This research report summarizes research that has been conducted on the validity of AP Exam grades for course placement, AP Examination participation and student outcomes, AP course participation and student outcomes, and comparisons…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, Outcomes of Education, Literature Reviews, Validity
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