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Engelhard, George, Jr.; Wind, Stefanie A.; Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Chajewski, Michael – College Board, 2013
The purpose of this study is to illustrate the use of explanatory models based on Rasch measurement theory to detect systematic relationships between student and item characteristics and achievement differences using differential item functioning (DIF), differential group functioning (DGF), and differential person functioning (DPF) techniques. The…
Descriptors: Test Bias, Evaluation Methods, Measurement Techniques, Writing Evaluation
Engelhard, George, Jr.; Wind, Stefanie A. – College Board, 2013
The major purpose of this study is to examine the quality of ratings assigned to CR (constructed-response) questions in large-scale assessments from the perspective of Rasch Measurement Theory. Rasch Measurement Theory provides a framework for the examination of rating scale category structure that can yield useful information for interpreting the…
Descriptors: Measurement Techniques, Rating Scales, Test Theory, Scores
Kaliski, Pamela; Wind, Stefanie A.; Engelhard, George, Jr.; Morgan, Deanna; Plake, Barbara; Reshetar, Rosemary – College Board, 2012
The Many-Facet Rasch (MFR) Model is traditionally used to evaluate the quality of ratings on constructed response assessments; however, it can also be used to evaluate the quality of judgments from panel-based standard setting procedures. The current study illustrates the use of the MFR Model by examining the quality of ratings obtained from a…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, Achievement Tests, Item Response Theory, Models
Wolfe, Edward W.; Myford, Carol M.; Engelhard, George, Jr.; Manalo, Jonathan R. – College Board, 2007
In this study, we investigated a variety of Reader effects that may influence the validity of ratings assigned to AP® English Literature and Composition essays. Specifically, we investigated whether Readers exhibit changes in their levels of severity and accuracy, and their use of individual scale categories over time. We refer to changes in these…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, Essays, English Literature, Writing (Composition)
Engelhard, George, Jr.; Myford, Carol M. – College Board, 2003
The purpose of this study was to examine, describe, evaluate, and compare the rating behavior of faculty consultants who scored essays written for the Advanced Placement English Literature and Composition (AP® ELC) Exam. Data from the 1999 AP ELC Exam were analyzed using FACETS (Linacre, 1998) and SAS. The faculty consultants were not all…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement, College Faculty, Consultants, Scoring