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Godfrey, Kelly E. – College Board, 2016
By creating and analyzing matched samples, researchers can simplify their analyses to include fewer covariate variables, relying less on model assumptions, and thus generating results that may be easier to report and interpret. When two groups essentially "look" the same, it is easier to explore their differences and make comparisons…
Descriptors: Experimental Groups, Control Groups, Sampling, Research Methodology
Shaw, Emily J.; Marini, Jessica P.; Beard, Jonathan; Shmueli, Doron; Young, Linda; Ng, Helen – College Board, 2016
In February of 2013, the College Board announced it would undertake a redesign of the SAT® in order to develop an assessment that better reflects the work that students will do in college, focusing on the core knowledge and skills that evidence has shown to be critical in preparation for college and career. The redesigned test will be introduced…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Construction, College Readiness, College Admission
Ewing, Maureen; Wyatt, Jeffrey N.; Smith, Kara – College Board, 2016
Historically, AP Potential™ has used PSAT/NMSQT® scores to identify students who are likely to earn a 3 or higher on a specific AP® Exam--based on research showing moderate to strong relationships between PSAT/NMSQT scores and AP Exam scores (Camara & Millsap, 1998; Ewing, Camara & Millsap, 2006; Zhang, Patel & Ewing, 2014a). For most…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, Talent Identification, College Entrance Examinations, High School Students
Rawls, Anita; Zhang, Xiuyuan; Hendrickson, Amy – College Board, 2016
The classification of test-takers into ethnic and racial groups ensures individuals and groups, identified in Title VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the 14th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, are protected from adverse treatment (Camilli, 2006). The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) suggests that…
Descriptors: Racial Identification, Ethnic Groups, Multiracial Persons, Test Bias
Marini, Jessica P.; Shaw, Emily J.; Young, Linda; Walker, Michael – College Board, 2016
College admission offices receive many different pieces of information on each applicant to their institution. The job of considering this information becomes further complicated when the information is not consistent across applicants. An example of one such complication is receiving SAT scores for some applicants and receiving ACT scores for…
Descriptors: College Admission, Scores, College Entrance Examinations, College Applicants
Godfrey, Kelly E.; Wyatt, Jeffrey N.; Beard, Jonathan J. – College Board, 2016
The focus of this study is to explore college outcomes for students who come from traditionally lower-income backgrounds, reporting a household income of $30,000 or less, and who were awarded a fee reduction to take one or more Advanced Placement® (AP®) Exams, compared to students with a similar background and ability who did not participate in an…
Descriptors: Low Income Groups, Advanced Placement, Student Records, Databases
Kim, YoungKoung; DeCarlo, Lawrence T. – College Board, 2016
Because of concerns about test security, different test forms are typically used across different testing occasions. As a result, equating is necessary in order to get scores from the different test forms that can be used interchangeably. In order to assure the quality of equating, multiple equating methods are often examined. Various equity…
Descriptors: Equated Scores, Evaluation Methods, Sampling, Statistical Inference
Lazzaro, Christopher; Jones, Lee; Webb, David C.; Grover, Ryan; Di Giacomo, F. Tony; Marino, Katherine Adele – College Board, 2016
This report will determine to what degree the AP Physics 1 and 2 and AP Calculus AB and BC frameworks are aligned with the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Advanced Physics and Mathematics frameworks. This will enable an exploration of any differences in content coverage and levels of complexity, and will set the stage…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement, Physics, Calculus, Achievement Tests
Kumar, Amal; Hurwitz, Michael – College Board, 2015
Higher education in the United States is a complex and multilayered system where open-access community colleges coexist with highly selective, 4-year institutions to which only a handful of students each year gain access. Each institution plays a unique role in this marketplace, and students across the spectrum engage with the system at…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Educational Supply, Educational Demand, College Admission
Hurwitz, Michael; Kumar, Amal – College Board, 2015
The nation's most selective colleges are often the centerpiece of the discussion surrounding college choice, and trends in college selectivity are relayed through stories of plunging admission rates at a few high-profile postsecondary institutions and anecdotes of model high school students unable to secure seats at these colleges. Such stories…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Educational Demand, Educational Supply, College Admission
Beard, Jonathan; Marini, Jessica P. – College Board, 2015
The continued accumulation of validity evidence for the intended uses of educational assessment scores is critical to ensure that inferences made using the scores are sound. To that end, the College Board has continued to collect college outcome data to evaluate the relationship between SAT® scores and college success. This report provides updated…
Descriptors: Statistical Data, Predictive Validity, Educational Assessment, Evidence
Wyatt, Jeffrey N.; Patterson, Brian F.; Di Giacomo, F. Tony – College Board, 2015
Educators are increasingly focused on ensuring that students experience a rigorous curriculum in high school and graduate college and career ready. One way of introducing rigorous course work is to have students take college-level work, often in the form of either an AP® course and exam or a dual enrollment course. This study compared the outcomes…
Descriptors: Dual Enrollment, Outcomes of Education, Advanced Placement Programs, High School Students
Niu, Sunny; Li, Jun; Merriman, Jennifer; Matos-Elefonte, Haifa – College Board, 2015
In this study, we compare SpringBoard® (SB) schools that had continuously used the SB English Language Arts (ELA) curriculum for at least three years with comparable non-SB schools. For high schools, the outcomes examined were school-level AP® participation and performance for a) all AP subjects, b) ELA and social science AP subjects, and c) ELA…
Descriptors: Language Arts, English Curriculum, Effective Schools Research, Comparative Analysis
Letukas, Lynn – College Board, 2015
The purpose of this document is to identify and dispel rumors that are frequently cited about the SAT. The following is a compilation of nine popular rumors organized into three areas: "Student Demographics," "Test Preparation/Test Prediction," and "Test Utilization."
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Student Characteristics, Test Preparation, Prediction
Ewing, Maureen; Howell, Jessica – College Board, 2015
Strong academic performance in college, as measured by first-year grades, is important for a host of reasons, but perhaps the most critical reason is that students who perform well in their first year of college are more likely to earn a bachelor's degree (Adelman, 2006). Research shows that Advanced Placement Program® (AP®) students, particularly…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Advanced Placement Programs, Correlation, Student Participation
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