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Pape-Lindstrom, Pamela; Eddy, Sarah; Freeman, Scott – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2018
To test the hypothesis that adding course structure may encourage self-regulated learning skills resulting in an increase in student exam performance in the community college setting, we added daily preclass online, open-book reading quizzes to an introductory biology course. We compared three control terms without reading quizzes and three…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, Scores, Introductory Courses
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Jordt, Hannah; Eddy, Sarah L.; Brazil, Riley; Lau, Ignatius; Mann, Chelsea; Brownell, Sara E.; King, Katherine; Freeman, Scott – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2017
Achievement gaps between underrepresented minority (URM) students and their white peers in college science, technology, engineering, and mathematics classrooms are persistent across many white-majority institutions of higher education. Attempts to reduce this phenomenon of underperformance through increasing classroom structure via active learning…
Descriptors: Introductory Courses, Biology, Minority Group Students, White Students
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Couch, Brian A.; Wright, Christian D.; Freeman, Scott; Knight, Jennifer K.; Semsar, Katharine; Smith, Michelle K.; Summers, Mindi M.; Zheng, Yi; Crowe, Alison J.; Brownell, Sara E. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2019
The "Vision and Change" report provides a nationally agreed upon framework of core concepts that undergraduate biology students should master by graduation. While identifying these concepts was an important first step, departments also need ways to measure the extent to which students understand these concepts. Here, we present the…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, College Science, Majors (Students), Biology
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Theobald, Roddy; Freeman, Scott – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2014
Although researchers in undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education are currently using several methods to analyze learning gains from pre- and posttest data, the most commonly used approaches have significant shortcomings. Chief among these is the inability to distinguish whether differences in learning gains are due…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, STEM Education, Student Characteristics, Educational Research
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Brownell, Sara E.; Freeman, Scott; Wenderoth, Mary Pat; Crowe, Alison J. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2014
"Vision and Change in Undergraduate Biology Education" outlined five core concepts intended to guide undergraduate biology education: 1) evolution; 2) structure and function; 3) information flow, exchange, and storage; 4) pathways and transformations of energy and matter; and 5) systems. We have taken these general recommendations and…
Descriptors: Biology, College Science, Undergraduate Study, Guides
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Freeman, Scott; Haak, David; Wenderoth, Mary Pat – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2011
We tested the hypothesis that highly structured course designs, which implement reading quizzes and/or extensive in-class active-learning activities and weekly practice exams, can lower failure rates in an introductory biology course for majors, compared with low-structure course designs that are based on lecturing and a few high-risk assessments.…
Descriptors: Evidence, Tests, Biology, Introductory Courses
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Freeman, Scott; Parks, John W. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2010
Previously we showed that weekly, written, timed, and peer-graded practice exams help increase student performance on written exams and decrease failure rates in an introductory biology course. Here we analyze the accuracy of peer grading, based on a comparison of student scores to those assigned by a professional grader. When students graded…
Descriptors: Grading, Biology, Peer Evaluation, Comparative Analysis
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Freeman, Scott; O'Connor, Eileen; Parks, John W.; Cunningham, Matthew; Hurley, David; Haak, David; Dirks, Clarissa; Wenderoth, Mary Pat – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2007
We tested five course designs that varied in the structure of daily and weekly active-learning exercises in an attempt to lower the traditionally high failure rate in a gateway course for biology majors. Students were given daily multiple-choice questions and answered with electronic response devices (clickers) or cards. Card responses were…
Descriptors: Educational Technology, Active Learning, Biology, Introductory Courses