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Dowling-Sendor, Benjamin – American School Board Journal, 2000
In a case involving use of physical force against a misbehaving eighth grader, a federal court judge concluded that the teacher's conduct did not violate the student's due-process rights, after applying the "shock the conscience" test. However, the case proceeded to trial, since district policy supported such force. (MLH)
Descriptors: Corporal Punishment, Court Litigation, Due Process, Grade 8
Nolte, M. Chester – American School Board Journal, 1985
When considering student expulsion, it is important to keep complete records of all hearings and proceedings. Reviewed is a recent Pennsylvania court case in which a board decision to expel two students was overturned in the courts because no hearing records were kept. (MD)
Descriptors: Boards of Education, Constitutional Law, Court Litigation, Due Process