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American School Board Journal3
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Dowling-Sendor, Benjamin3
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Dowling-Sendor, Benjamin – American School Board Journal, 2003
This article discusses the Equal Access Act (EAA) as it pertains to high-school student clubs. It raises basics questions about EAA: What does "equal" mean? What level of access is required? Does the First Amendment's free-speech clause offer broader protection to student clubs than the EAA? (WFA)
Descriptors: After School Programs, Civil Rights, Clubs, Court Litigation
Dowling-Sendor, Benjamin – American School Board Journal, 2000
In a case involving use of physical force against a misbehaving eighth grader, a federal court judge concluded that the teacher's conduct did not violate the student's due-process rights, after applying the "shock the conscience" test. However, the case proceeded to trial, since district policy supported such force. (MLH)
Descriptors: Corporal Punishment, Court Litigation, Due Process, Grade 8
Dowling-Sendor, Benjamin – American School Board Journal, 1999
The recent decision of the 8th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in "Miller," based on the school district's interest in preventing possible abuse, gave legal support for random, suspiciousless drug testing of students. Contends this is a "slippery slope" argument, that the key factor in deciding whether to adopt a policy of random drug testing should…
Descriptors: Board of Education Policy, Court Litigation, Drug Use Testing, Elementary Secondary Education