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Pierce, Marie – American School Board Journal, 2003
The number of school boards in Canada has been radically reduced over the past 7 years. During this period, governance roles and responsibilities also have been redefined. Since 1995, 9 of Canada's 10 provinces have gone through a consolidation process mandated by provincial legislators, mainly for cost efficiency. (MLF)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Accountability, Board of Education Role, Boards of Education
Chalker, Donald M.; Haynes, Richard M. – American School Board Journal, 1997
Now that school boards have been replaced by parent advisory councils, there is virtually no local school governance in New Brunswick, Canada. Factors leading to school boards' demise include neglected democratic institutions, failure to understand local boards' needs, less qualified members, boards' failure to protect their special…
Descriptors: Boards of Education, Democratic Values, Elementary Secondary Education, Failure
Pierce, Marie – American School Board Journal, 1997
School governance has recently dominated Canadian provinces' political agendas. Every province has reduced the number of school boards and centralized decision making. This article summarizes school board and funding status in each province and territory. Alberta, British Columbia, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Quebec have…
Descriptors: Boards of Education, Centralization, Collective Bargaining, Elementary Secondary Education
Elliott, Olive – American School Board Journal, 1991
In Medicine Hat, Alberta, standardized test results are not made public and are used as a tool for identifying strengths and dealing with weaknesses. Teachers review test results, then propose changes and try new approaches. However, Edmonton Public Schools, Alberta, released test results for each of the 190 schools in the district, claiming the…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Scores
McAdams, Richard P. – American School Board Journal, 1994
Study of educational practices in five countries and the United States found the United States unique in depending heavily on local property taxes. Although none of these countries has devised perfectly fair system of educating their children, they are working toward that goal. New Jersey debacle is example of willingness of American middle class…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Educational Equity (Finance), Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education
Haynes, Richard; Bernard, John; Johannesdottir, Gudrun – American School Board Journal, 1999
The United States identifies a far larger percentage of students for special-education services than do other developed countries, including Israel, Canada, Germany, France, Britain, Japan, and Korea. Looming behind the U.S. figures are the possibility of lawsuits, mounting paperwork, student discipline problems, lower expectations for student…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Compliance (Legal), Costs, Elementary Secondary Education
American School Board Journal, 1975
Presents an overview of major simularities and differences between educational policy and administration in Canada and the U.S., with emphasis on educational finance, bilingual education, and government involvement. (JG)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Boards of Education, Educational Administration, Educational Finance
Levin, Dan – American School Board Journal, 1982
In Canada, no federal education agency exists, and local school systems traditionally rely on provincial ministries of education for most of their money and for educational direction. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Government, Federal Regulation, Foreign Countries