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Dowling-Sendor, Benjamin – American School Board Journal, 2000
In a 6-3 decision expanding on its 1992 graduation prayer ruling in "Lee v. Weisman," the U.S. Supreme Court struck down the Santa Fe (Texas) Independent School District's pregame prayer policy. Justice Stevens pointed to significant school involvement in such student-led prayers and their coercive effects. (MLH)
Descriptors: Athletics, Court Litigation, Football, High Schools
Dowling-Sendor, Benjamin – American School Board Journal, 1999
The Ninth Circuit Court's decision upholding the Madison School District's policy allowing students to speak (and pray) at graduation ceremonies is correct. So long as students are selected by religiously neutral criteria (class rank) and can speak on any topic, the Free Speech Clause should protect that student's expression. (MLH)
Descriptors: Freedom of Speech, Graduation, High Schools, School Prayer
Vacca, Richard S.; Hudgins, H. C., Jr. – American School Board Journal, 1994
School boards need to keep current on the status of graduation prayer. The "Weisman" decision said graduation prayers violated the First Amendment; the "Jones" decision would allow graduation ceremonies with student-led invocations and benedictions. Reviews these decisions to pinpoint the sources of confusion in subsequent…
Descriptors: Commencement Ceremonies, Constitutional Law, Federal Courts, Graduation