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Bohan, Janis S. – Psychology of Women Quarterly, 2002
This article examines perspectives on and intersections between two recurrent themes in the history of American psychology: sex differences and theories of self. These themes and certain connections between them are considered in three eras: early American psychology, feminist psychology coincident with the second wave of feminism, and the recent…
Descriptors: Feminism, Global Approach, Gender Differences, Self Concept
Appleby, John; Fougere, Maxime; Rouleau, Manon – Human Resources Development Canada, 2002
This study provides an overview of the return on investment to post-secondary education in Canada, by gender. In it, three time series are developed respectively on the cost-effectiveness of non-university post-secondary diplomas (1981-1996), bachelor's degrees (1989-1996) and university degrees (1981-1996), including bachelor's, master's and…
Descriptors: Postsecondary Education, Outcomes of Education, Gender Differences, Educational Attainment
de Lemos. Molly – Human Resources Development Canada, 2002
There has, in recent years, been a reemergence of interest in the early years and a renewed emphasis on the importance of early education programs to ensure that all children start school ready to learn. At the same time, the move toward evidence-based policy development has led to the need to demonstrate the effectiveness of early education…
Descriptors: Young Children, Child Development, Comparative Analysis, Foreign Countries
Tout, Dave; Schmitt, Mary Jane – Office of Educational Research and Improvement, 2002
In their chapter on numeracy, the authors begin by exploring the many terms used to describe the learning of mathematics by adults. They discuss the relationship between the terms "mathematics" and "numeracy" and explain why numeracy--making meaning with numbers and mathematical processes--is the term they chose for their…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Numeracy, Adult Basic Education, Adult Learning
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Remen, Anna L.; Chambless, Dianne L.; Rodebaugh, Thomas L. – Psychology of Women Quarterly, 2002
Gender differences in the construct validity of Jack's (1991) Silencing the Self Scale (STSS) were assessed using 187 female and 169 male undergraduates. Results of exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses revealed gender differences in the scale's latent structure and at best provided only limited support for the validity of the scale's four…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Construct Validity, Measures (Individuals), Intimacy
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Petry, Nancy M. – Gerontologist, 2002
Purpose: Pathological gambling is an increasing public health concern, but very little is known about this disorder in older adults. This study evaluated gambling and psychosocial problems across age groups in treatment-seeking gamblers. Design and Methods: At intake to gambling treatment programs, 343 pathological gamblers completed the Addiction…
Descriptors: Employment Problems, Age Differences, Public Health, Young Adults
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Lorence, Jon; Dworkin, Anthony Gary.; Toenjes, Laurence A.; Hill, Antwanette N. – Brookings Papers on Education Policy, 2002
Although considerable research examines the impact of grade retention on student academic achievement, various shortcomings exhibited across these studies make it difficult to derive any concrete generalizations about the effectiveness of requiring students to repeat a grade. By utilizing data based on a cohort of all low-achieving elementary…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade Repetition, Reading Tests, Social Promotion
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Koziol, James A.; Zuraw, Bruce L.; Christiansen, Sandra C. – Gerontologist, 2002
Purpose: This report examines health care rates, charges, and patterns of consumption from a comprehensive California hospitalization data set covering 1986-1995. An improved understanding of current trends in health care consumption would facilitate the development of future resource allocation models. Design and Methods: We obtained discharge…
Descriptors: Health Services, Older Adults, Patients, Hospitals
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Swart, Lu-Anne; Seedat, Mohamed; Stevens, Garth; Ricardo, Izabel – Journal of Adolescence, 2002
This paper reports on a study of heterosexual adolescent dating violence among secondary school students in a South African community. Approximately half of the surveyed males, and just over half of the surveyed females reported involvement in a physically violent dating relationship either as a perpetrator and/or victim. The study found…
Descriptors: Violence, At Risk Persons, Dating (Social), Secondary School Students
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Pinquart, Martin; Sorensen, Silvia – International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 2002
Based on the complementary model of support use, we investigated older adults' preferences for short-term and long-term future care needs in a U.S. and a German sample (65+ years). A greater preference for the exclusive use of informal support and for mixed support (a combination of informal and formal support) was found with regard to short-term…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis, Older Adults, Gender Differences
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Francis, Leslie J. – Religious Education, 2002
The relationship between Bible reading and attitude toward drug use is examined among a sample of 25,888 teenagers, 13-15 year olds, throughout England and Wales. Information about sex, age, personality, belief in God, and church attendance was also considered. The conclusion is that Bible reading makes a small but significant contribution to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Drug Abuse, Negative Attitudes, Biblical Literature
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Awang-Hashim, Rosa; O'Neil, Harold F., Jr.; Hocevar, Dennis – Educational Assessment, 2002
The relations between motivational constructs, effort, self-efficacy and worry, and statistics achievement were investigated in a sample of 360 undergraduates in Malaysia. Both trait (cross-situational) and state (task-specific) measures of each construct were used to test a mediational trait (r) state (r) performance (TSP) model. As hypothesized,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Student Motivation, Self Efficacy, Factor Analysis
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Saft, Elizabeth W.; Pianta, Robert C. – School Psychology Quarterly, 2001
This study assessed the extent to which teachers' perceptions of their relationships with young students varied as a function of child and teacher characteristics in a large, demographically diverse sample of 197 preschool and kindergarten teachers and 840 children. Children were approximately evenly divided between boys and girls. Regression…
Descriptors: Teacher Characteristics, Preschool Teachers, Ethnicity, Teacher Student Relationship
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May, Philip A.; Gossage, J. Phillip – American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: The Journal of the National Center, 2001
The quantity, frequency, and variability of alcohol and other substance use is described in a random sample of 1,436 enrolled members of four tribes from the northern United States. Overall, males begin regular drinking at an earlier age than do females (17 vs. 18.1 years), and more males drink alcohol than females (70.7% to 60.4%). There are some…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Females, Incidence, American Indians
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Roth, Jeffrey; Crans, Gerald G.; Carter, Randy L.; Ariet, Mario; Resnick, Michael B. – High School Journal, 2001
Transcripts of 19,736 students who consecutively attended Florida high schools for four years and graduated in the spring of 1994 were analyzed to determine how course choice, grades, tenth grade standardized test score results, race, and gender affected performance on a computerized placement test (CPT) administered upon entry to community…
Descriptors: Student Placement, Grade Point Average, Standardized Tests, Academic Achievement
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