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Cvetkovski, Stefan; Jorm, Anthony F.; Mackinnon, Andrew J. – Studies in Higher Education, 2019
This study examines the mental health trajectories of future/current undergraduate university students relative to their age-matched community peers from the ages of 15 to 21. It analysed data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia survey. The sample comprised 442 students and 1292 peers. Mental health was assessed with the…
Descriptors: Mental Health, Undergraduate Students, Foreign Countries, Socioeconomic Status
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Acerenza, Santiago; Gandelman, Néstor – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
This paper characterizes household spending in education using microdata from income and expenditure surveys for twelve Latin American and Caribbean countries and the United States. Bahamas, Chile, and Mexico have the highest household spending in education and Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay have the lowest. Tertiary education is the most important…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Latin Americans, Heads of Households, Expenditures
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Kennedy, P. J.; Sinfield, Philip; Tweedlie, Lucy; Nixon, Carol; Martin, Aisling; Edwards, Katie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) affects approximately 1% of the general population. The prevalence of ASD, or symptom complexes compatible with ASD, amongst young people residing within Secure Children's Homes (SCH's) remains ill understood. There are critical implications for the resourcing and understanding of the management of young people…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Residential Care, Interpersonal Competence
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Lauglo, Jon; Liu, Fengshu – Comparative Education Review, 2019
Adolescent girls more often than boys expect higher education in nearly all 50 education systems in TIMSS 2011, before and after controls for effects of educational achievement, education-conducive family resources, and "liking school." At a macrolevel, this gender disparity is moderately correlated with the gender disparity in…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Academic Achievement, Gender Differences, Sex Fairness
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Frödén, Sara – Ethnography and Education, 2019
This article is based on data generated in an ethnographic study of gender in a Swedish preschool. Drawing on Judith Butler's understanding of performativity and (un)doing of gender, a new theoretical concept, "situated decoding of gender," is further developed by showing how the material and spatial dimension of the educational practice…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Preschool Teachers, Preschool Children, Foreign Countries
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Ikävalko, Elina; Brunila, Kristiina – International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 2019
Researchers often find themselves reflecting on either/or questions. This article examines the multiple discursive reality of gender equality, a topic comprising several juxtapositions connected to either/or thinking which also provide the topic its legitimacy. The examples come from the context of gender equality work and gender equality policy,…
Descriptors: Sex Fairness, Foreign Countries, Public Policy, Feminism
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Reicher, Hannelore; Matischek-Jauk, Marlies – Improving Schools, 2019
Depressive adolescents are a challenging and vulnerable group in schools. Specific developmental features such as irritability and comorbid behavioural disorders complicate the recognition of their emotional problems for peers, teachers and even parents. Our research shows that teachers tend to overlook depressive feelings in adolescents; however,…
Descriptors: Depression (Psychology), Adolescents, At Risk Students, Peer Relationship
Mostafa, Tarek – OECD Publishing, 2019
When new PISA data are published, many researchers around the world analyse them with the aim of shedding light on all sorts of questions. One question in search of an answer: why are women under-represented in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) professions? Using data from the Program for International Student Assessment…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Females, Career Choice, Science Careers
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Karlsson Sjögren, Åsa; Larsson, Esbjörn; Rimm, Stefan – History of Education, 2019
This article aims to analyse how the emerging Swedish school system in the early nineteenth century can be understood within the context of a gradual break-up of the estate society and its replacement with a class society in which citizenship was an important foundation. This is done through the discussion of the conceptions of citizenship on two…
Descriptors: Citizenship, Educational History, Foreign Countries, Social Class
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Mukhopadhyay, Averi – SAGE Open, 2019
University campuses serve as second homes for students, teachers, administrators, and parents coming from diverse regions, religions, classes, castes, and different genders. Interaction and camaraderie between the major characters in the academe develop. The bonhomie that exists between the stakeholders of the academe has its own rules, rules that…
Descriptors: Power Structure, Social Class, Gender Differences, Speech Communication
OECD Publishing, 2019
Problems associated with the environment loom large over the future well-being of young generations. A previous issue of PISA in Focus (PISA in Focus 87) shows that in 2015 many 15-year-old students believed that the future -- their future -- was going to be worse, environmentally, than the present. In particular, only a minority of students…
Descriptors: Positive Attitudes, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment
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Parsons, Carl – Cambridge Journal of Education, 2019
'Narrowing the gap' and addressing low educational achievement of specific social class and ethnic groups has long been an expressed government concern. This paper considers the links between poverty, ethnicity and gender and school attainment and the interrelations of these factors using national data sets and other quantitative data. The…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Social Justice, Race, Social Class
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Carpenter, Rachel; Alloway, Tracy – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2019
School systems across the country are transitioning from paper-based testing (PBT) to computer-based testing (CBT). As this technological shift occurs, more research is necessary to understand the practical and performance implications of administering CBTs. Currently, there is a paucity of research using CBTs to examine working memory (WM)…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Test Format, Short Term Memory, Cognitive Processes
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Miedema, Esther – Comparative Education, 2019
Building on postcolonial feminist scholars and critical anthropological work, this paper analyses the frequent deployment of the notion of 'culture' by decision-makers, educators, international agency staff and young people in the design, delivery and uptake of sexuality and HIV prevention education in Mozambique. The paper presents qualitative…
Descriptors: Sex Education, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Prevention, Decision Making
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Delaune, Andrea – Educational Philosophy and Theory, 2019
Early childhood practice in Aotearoa New Zealand is guided by "Te Whariki," a curriculum which is rich in moral concepts. While there are opportunities for early childhood educators in Aotearoa New Zealand to reflect upon moral concepts in their educational settings, it is the position of this paper that critical engagement with these…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Gender Differences, Preschool Teachers, Foreign Countries
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