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Cech, Erin A. – Social Forces, 2013
Can professional cultures contribute to wage inequality? Recent literature has demonstrated how widely held cultural biases reproduce ascriptive inequalities in the workforce, but cultural belief systems "within" professions have largely been ignored as mechanisms of intra-profession inequality. I argue that cultural ideologies about professional…
Descriptors: Engineering, Ideology, Salary Wage Differentials, Wages
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Kronberg, Anne-Kathrin – Social Forces, 2013
As jobs in the United States become less secure and traditional job ladders deteriorate, employees increasingly change employers to build their career. This article explores how this shift affects gender earnings disparities. I find that the effect of changing employers depends on whether changes occur in "good" or "bad" jobs and whether…
Descriptors: Occupational Mobility, Salary Wage Differentials, Employment, Gender Differences
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Minagawa, Yuka – Social Forces, 2013
Guided by Durkheim's classic theory of suicide, this article examines suicide trends and determinants in Eastern European countries for the period of 1989-2006, with particular attention given to the association between postcommunist social change and suicide mortality. I find that countries characterized by more drastic structural change…
Descriptors: Well Being, Foreign Countries, Suicide, Social Systems
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Avent-Holt, Dustin; Tomaskovic-Devey, Donald – Social Forces, 2012
We examine the relational model of inequality using samples of employer-employee matched data from manufacturing plants in the United States and Japan. We argue that gender is a salient status characteristic in both the United States and Japan, but because of differences in gender politics, wage inequality will vary more across U.S. workplaces…
Descriptors: Salary Wage Differentials, Diversity (Institutional), Manufacturing, Foreign Countries
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Ailshire, Jennifer A.; House, James S. – Social Forces, 2011
The implications of recent weight gain trends for widening social disparities in body weight in the United States are unclear. Using an intersectional approach to studying inequality, and the longitudinal and nationally representative American's Changing Lives study (1986-2001/2002), we examine social disparities in body mass index trajectories…
Descriptors: Body Weight, Body Composition, Income, Racial Differences
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Dorius, Cassandra R.; McCarthy, John D. – Social Forces, 2011
Why do some social movement leaders work harder than others? And, how does gender affect the patterns we uncover? Utilizing historical case study evidence of local chapters in the emerging movement opposing drinking and driving we are able to develop and test theoretical expectations about predictors of weekly effort among MADD and RID leaders.…
Descriptors: Delivery Systems, Leadership Responsibility, Activism, Leadership
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Bradley, Christen L.; Renzulli, Linda A. – Social Forces, 2011
Using a model of student dropout with only two possible outcomes--"still in school" or "dropout"--hides the complex reasons that students leave high school. We offer a model with three outcomes: in school, pushed out or pulled out. Using data from the Educational Longitudinal Survey, we find that for black students, differences in SES explain…
Descriptors: Dropouts, Academic Achievement, White Students, High School Students
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Baumle, Amanda K.; Poston, Dudley, Jr. – Social Forces, 2011
This article builds on earlier studies that have examined "the economic cost of homosexuality," by using data from the 2000 U.S. Census and by employing multilevel analyses. Our findings indicate that partnered gay men experience a 12.5 percent earnings penalty compared to married heterosexual men, and a statistically insignificant earnings…
Descriptors: Homosexuality, Census Figures, Males, Salaries
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Hall, Matthew; Greenman, Emily; Farkas, George – Social Forces, 2010
This article employs a unique method of inferring the legal status of Mexican immigrants in the Survey of Income and Program Participation to offer new evidence of the role of legal authorization in the United States on workers' wages. We estimate wage trajectories for four groups: documented Mexican immigrants, undocumented Mexican immigrants,…
Descriptors: Salary Wage Differentials, Human Capital, Mexican Americans, Immigrants
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Schmutz, Vaughn; Faupel, Alison – Social Forces, 2010
This research examines the gendered nature of cultural legitimacy and consecration in popular music. We explore two related questions. First, which factors affect the likelihood that female performers achieve consecrated status? Second, how are those decisions discursively legitimated? Using a mixed-methods research design, we find that in both…
Descriptors: Music, Rhetoric, Musicians, Gender Differences
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Zhang, Jie – Social Forces, 2010
Suicides by young females in rural China contribute substantially to the high rate of suicide and the total number of suicides in China. Given the traditional familial structure that remains largely intact in rural China, this research focuses on whether being married is a risk or protective factor for suicide by young women. I examined 168 rural…
Descriptors: Marital Status, Females, Asian Culture, Suicide
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Roksa, Josipa; Levey, Tania – Social Forces, 2010
While income inequality among college graduates is well documented, inequality in occupational status remains largely unexplored. We examine whether and how occupational specificity of college majors is related to college graduates' transition into the labor market and their subsequent occupational trajectories. Analyses of NLSY79 indicate that…
Descriptors: Majors (Students), Credentials, Employment Level, Employment Patterns
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Pudrovska, Tetyana – Social Forces, 2010
Using data from two waves of the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study (N = 8,054), I examine gender differences in psychological adjustment to cancer among older white adults. Results from different types of longitudinal models reveal that cancer has more adverse psychological implications for men than women. Men's higher levels of depression are reduced…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Females, Cancer, Gender Differences
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Staff, Jeremy; Harris, Angel; Sabates, Ricardo; Briddell, Laine – Social Forces, 2010
Many youth in the United States lack clear occupational aspirations. This uncertainty in achievement ambitions may benefit socio-economic attainment if it signifies "role exploration," characterized by career development, continued education and enduring partnerships. By contrast, uncertainty may diminish attainment if it instead leads…
Descriptors: Occupational Aspiration, Career Development, Longitudinal Studies, Adolescents
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Mun, Eunmi – Social Forces, 2010
Using unique data on employers' pre-hire preferences, this article examines the effect of sex typing on the gender gap in offered wages and training. Previous studies using post-hire data have not been able to focus directly on the effects of employer behavior, distinct from employee preferences. By analyzing gender-designated job requisitions for…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Labor Market, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Sex Stereotypes
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