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ERIC Number: EJ919305
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1538-8220
An Analysis of Bullying among Students within Schools: Estimating the Effects of Individual Normative Beliefs, Self-Esteem, and School Climate
Gendron, Brian P.; Williams, Kirk R.; Guerra, Nancy G.
Journal of School Violence, v10 n2 p150-164 2011
The current study examined the relations among self-esteem, approving normative beliefs about bullying, school climate, and bullying perpetration using a large, longitudinal sample of children from elementary, middle, and high school. Self-report surveys were collected at two points in time over the course of 1 year from 7,299 ethnically diverse students (47.8% males, 52.2% females) in 5th, 8th, and 11th grades in 78 schools or community centers across Colorado. Results of ordinary least squares regression analyses indicated that self-esteem, school climate, and normative approval measured at Time 1 significantly predicted self-reported bullying perpetration 1 year later at Time 2, controlling for Time 1 bullying. Further, the effect of self-esteem on bullying perpetration was moderated by perceptions of school climate. When perceptions of school climate were negative (indicating poor school climate), high self-esteem predicted higher levels of bullying perpetration. In contrast, when perceptions of school climate were positive, high self-esteem predicted lower levels of bullying perpetration. The findings are discussed in terms of the need to consider individual and contextual factors and how they interact in understanding and preventing bullying in schools. (Contains 4 tables and 1 figure.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education; Grade 11; Grade 5; Grade 8; High Schools; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Colorado
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale