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Acerenza, Santiago; Gandelman, Néstor – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
This paper characterizes household spending in education using microdata from income and expenditure surveys for twelve Latin American and Caribbean countries and the United States. Bahamas, Chile, and Mexico have the highest household spending in education and Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay have the lowest. Tertiary education is the most important…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Latin Americans, Heads of Households, Expenditures
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Lauglo, Jon; Liu, Fengshu – Comparative Education Review, 2019
Adolescent girls more often than boys expect higher education in nearly all 50 education systems in TIMSS 2011, before and after controls for effects of educational achievement, education-conducive family resources, and "liking school." At a macrolevel, this gender disparity is moderately correlated with the gender disparity in…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Academic Achievement, Gender Differences, Sex Fairness
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Fitzpatrick, Katie – European Physical Education Review, 2019
Despite a long history of critical scholarship in physical education (PE), current research continues to show that PE is an exclusionary and marginalising space for many students. Hawkins suggests that philosophical pragmatism, cultural materialism, and health concerns are driving the field, to the extent that the foundations of PE are in…
Descriptors: Critical Theory, Physical Education, Teaching Methods, Health
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Ikävalko, Elina; Brunila, Kristiina – International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 2019
Researchers often find themselves reflecting on either/or questions. This article examines the multiple discursive reality of gender equality, a topic comprising several juxtapositions connected to either/or thinking which also provide the topic its legitimacy. The examples come from the context of gender equality work and gender equality policy,…
Descriptors: Sex Fairness, Foreign Countries, Public Policy, Feminism
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Philip, Thomas M.; Souto-Manning, Mariana; Anderson, Lauren; Horn, Ilana; J. Carter Andrews, Dorinda; Stillman, Jamy; Varghese, Manka – Journal of Teacher Education, 2019
Reformers are increasingly calling for and adopting practice-based approaches to teacher preparation, with particular emphasis on identifying and centering core practices. In this article, we argue that organizing teacher education around core practices brings its own risks, including the risk of peripheralizing equity and justice. Situating our…
Descriptors: Educational Practices, Teacher Education, Risk, Equal Education
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Meinck, Sabine; Brese, Falk – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2019
Potential differences in achievement between female and male students have always been an interesting topic in educational research, as well as having policy and economic implications. This study provides an overview of the so-called "gender gap" in mathematics and science knowledge, based on an in-depth analysis of both extremes of…
Descriptors: Educational Trends, Gender Differences, Evidence, Achievement Tests