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Mullin, Dorothy Imrich – 1996
In the wake of the Communications Decency Act of 1996, discussions have raged both online and in the press about free speech, online pornography, and the protection of children. This paper discusses the legal and social science issues surrounding content regulation of the World Wide Web and the Internet as a whole, with an emphasis on the…
Descriptors: Access to Information, Adolescents, Censorship, Children
Fraleigh, Douglas – 1993
In the case of RAV v. City of St. Paul, a teenager was charged with violating the city's Bias-Motivated Crime Ordinance after being accused of burning a cross inside the fenced yard of a black family. In a 9-0 decision, the Supreme Court struck down the St. Paul ordinance, a decision which raised a question as to whether many college and…
Descriptors: Constitutional Law, Court Litigation, Freedom of Speech, Higher Education
Gibson, Dirk C. – 1989
Recent Supreme Court decisions have fundamentally altered the attorney's right to advertise. This potentially revolutionary revision in prescribed professional communications has paradoxically had ambiguous results. Despite the freedom to advertise, most attorneys forego this opportunity to maximize profits, expand clientele, or merely enhance…
Descriptors: Advertising, Court Litigation, Lawyers, Legal Aid
Sherer, Michael D.; Moore, Meredith A. – 1984
To examine how the Supreme Court has ruled on press claims of a constitutional right to gather information, this paper summarizes important decisions in eight key cases. Although none of the cases clearly outlines and defines the Court's approach to the right of the press and public to gather information, insights may be gained through a…
Descriptors: Civil Liberties, Constitutional Law, Court Litigation, Freedom of Speech
Smalley, David C. – 1986
Noting that seldom in American history has a president had the potential opportunity to appoint a majority to the Supreme Court as does Ronald Reagan and that scholars and columnists claim that First Amendment freedoms of the press have been eroding with little public notice over the past few years, this paper explores the prognosis for press…
Descriptors: Censorship, Conservatism, Constitutional Law, Court Litigation
Abrams, J. Marc; Goodman, S. Mark – 1988
A student's right to freedom of expression was well-protected by twenty years of legal history until the United States Supreme Court in its 1988 decision Hazelwood School District, et al. v. Kuhlmeier, et al. sharply limited this right by approving a school district's censorship of a high school newspaper. Prior to the Kuhlmeier decision courts…
Descriptors: Censorship, Civil Liberties, Constitutional Law, Court Litigation
Lipschultz, Jeremy Harris – 1988
The United States Supreme Court case, Meese v. Keene, in which the justices narrowly defined the meaning of the term "political propaganda," failed to address adequately the complexities of the issue. In this case it is necessary to bring together divergent views about communications in the analysis of the legal problem, including…
Descriptors: Audience Analysis, Censorship, Court Litigation, Court Role
Alexander, Rosemarie J. – 1988
A study analyzed U.S. Supreme Court Justice Lewis Powell's court opinions on First Amendment issues that affect the daily work of journalists. The results showed that he preferred compromises, guidelines, and tests to either/or solutions. Because Powell sought to balance all interests, he developed no firm theoretical position on the First…
Descriptors: Constitutional Law, Court Judges, Court Litigation, Court Role
Sneed, Don; And Others – 1988
This paper examines recent court decisions that indicate the extent of constitutional protection extended to opinionated statements made during broadcast commentaries. A brief overview of both the common law and constitutional privileges protecting the expression of opinion is also included in the paper. Specifically, the paper evaluates the…
Descriptors: Constitutional Law, Court Litigation, Editorials, Federal Courts
Miranda, Patricia – 1987
In 1985 the Inter-American Court of Human Rights ruled that a Costa Rican statute requiring journalists to be licensed violates the American Convention on Human Rights and, by extension, all human rights conventions. Though press freedom advocates hailed it as a major triumph for freedom of expression, the court's ruling was only advisory and has…
Descriptors: Certification, Civil Liberties, Constitutional Law, Court Litigation
Creech, Kenneth – 1988
Although the First Amendment guarantees the rights of freedom of speech and press, these rights are not absolute. With freedom comes the knowledge that irresponsible action can lead to the regulation of that freedom by others. The courts must balance conflicting rights in cases, such as press coverage of criminal trials, where irresponsible…
Descriptors: Access to Information, Court Litigation, Court Role, Freedom of Information
Herbeck, Dale A. – 1990
The Bill of Rights contains a set of simple statements about the rights which citizens may claim in disputes with the government. Those who suggest that the First Amendment has always represented a strong commitment to free speech ignore the historical lesson offered by the Sedition Act of 1798. The early American republic maintained careful…
Descriptors: Constitutional History, Constitutional Law, Court Judges, Court Litigation
Craig, J. Robert; Smith, B. R. – 1995
A study examined the effects of the Children's Television Act of 1990 on television stations' freedom to schedule programs. Subjects were programming directors responsible for scheduling children's blocks in the Flint-Saginaw-Bay City, Michigan, TV market, the nation's 60th largest. The four program directors, whose stations were major network…
Descriptors: Audience Awareness, Case Studies, Childrens Television, Commercial Television